Cyclamen is a genus of flowering plants known for the beauty and uniqueness of their flowers. In addition to beautiful flowers, the leaves of this plant are also unique and beautiful having various patterns on them. Unlike most flowering plants, they bloom in winter and go into semi dormancy in summer, but they might bloom in some summer months also if proper conditions are provided. They are also known as snowbread, Persian violet and primrose; despite the fact that they are neither violets nor primrose.
In this article you can learn to care for these plants and propagate them further into new plants. Also there are some interesting facts to amaze you!
If you can learn to do a few simple things for this plant in a proper way, you will be rewarded by some lovely blooms.
Appropriate watering is very important for the health of this plant and its blooms.
When the plant has leaves and is growing, water it regularly and allow a couple of top inches of the soil to dry before watering it again.
After it has bloomed, the plant will go into dormancy and the leaves will look yellow and start dieing. This is natural for this plant and you don't need to worry about it, however you would need to stop watering it once you see the signs of dormancy. Let it stay dry for a couple of months after which you might notice new growth of leaves and then water it thoroughly.
Also, make sure you don't let the soil get soggy while watering it as the plant is sensitive to wet foot.
Cyclamen plant requires a lot of bright sunlight. Even direct sunlight for a few hours in a day won't harm the plant.
They prefer moderate temperatures. Both heat and frost can affect the Cyclamen plants in a bad way. However a cyclamen species known as Cyclamen hederifolium is cold hardy and can easily bear cold temperatures of 5 F and below. Cold hardiness varies according to the species.
High humidity levels are important for this plant to thrive, especially in the winters when they bloom.
They don't have a deep root system and thus do not require re-potting too often. Allow it to get root bounded slightly.
They can easily be propagated through seeds. In their natural habitat ants act as seed carriers which eat sticky coverings and the discard the seeds.
Some tips for a higher seed germination rate...
Soak the seeds in warm water for a day or two prior to sowing them.
Make sure you germinate them in complete darkness or heavy shade.
Keep the soil moist during germination.
Try to choose fresh seeds for best results.
Here are some interesting facts about the Cyclamen plants.
They bloom in winters instead of summers which is opposite to most flowering plants.
All of their leaves die after the blooming season.
Cyclamen plant grows extremely beautiful flowers.
Most of their species are native to Europe and the Mediterranean region.
Their common names include snowbread, primrose and Persian violet.
Each cyclamen flower contain five petals which are connected at the base.