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Worm Composting: The Must Know Earthworm Facts

Updated on December 17, 2011

Earthworm Composting is one of the best ways to battle environmental problems.  Statistics show that almost 13% of the wastes that we throw are actually food scraps and if these are recycled, you can just imagine how we can contribute to the welfare of the mother earth.  Aside from this fact, we also get more from this like a healthier harvest and a more cost-effective fertilizer.

Earthworm Composting using Red Wiggler worms

Earthworms do have around 4,000 species and not all are good for vermicomposting. When it comes to worm composting, Eisenia Fetida or commonly known as Red Wiggler worm always comes on the list.

Why is that so? First, Red Wiggler worms can eat as much as their body weight giving them an exceptional composting capability. Second, earthworm castings are produced at around 75% of a worm's body mass, this means that more rich organic fertilizers are easily produced.

When worm poop is used as fertilizer you get:

  • 5 times more Nitrogen compared to your ordinary soil.
  • 7 times more Phosphate which helps the roots and flowers of your plants.
  • 11 times more Potassium which will ensure the immune system of the plants.

Getting Started

The basic materials needed:

  • he red worm bin which will be the home of your composting worms
  • the bedding inside the bin which will ensure their comfort, foods and other pertinent materials.
  • and the worms of course! (Red Wigglers are the best for small indoor vermicomposting).

Once you get all these prepared, you’re good to go. You have to set up the bedding inside the bin and make sure that it is moist. The worm's beddings can consist of shredded paper - preferably newspapers and cardboard, soil/dirt and a little sand. You can also add grass clippings.

After that, place your Red Wiggler worms inside and let them begin the process of vermicomposting.

Making Earthworm Composting Successful

Success in worm composting is very attainable.  You just need to keep in mind all the important reminders and you’re there.

First, make sure that they are eating the right food, the right amount. Composting worms as much as their body weight so do not exceed that.  Always give them the exact amount.  Next, they thrive in decaying materials so feed them with those.  Dried leaves, kitchen scraps, vegetable scraps, fruit peelings, tea bags, coffee grounds, pasta and a lot more will be good in vermicomposting.  Never give them foods that will attract insects and molds like meat, fish and dairies.

Temperature wise, always place the bin in a cool environment.  A temperature of 40-85 degrees F will be very good.  Too much sunlight and too much coldness will kill your composting worms.  You can place the bin in your kitchen sink or garage to make sure that the temperature is well-controlled.

For added task, see to it that you always check on the bedding.  If it’s too soggy, change it as it may distract the Red Wiggler worms. 

If you are able to have all these done, that is excellent worm composting!  In just few weeks, you’ll see the result of your labor.  Castings are more than enough rewards because it is very rich in nutrients aside from the fact that it is very organic.  Aside from that, you even get the chance to have more worms if you would want and maybe one day, this will even be a hit business for you! offers quality organic gardening products. Buy live and healthy worms for composting like Red Wiggler worms and European Nightcrawlers. You can also buy organic fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides and other green gardening supplies and equipments here. Visit their site and browse their catalog to know more about their products.


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    • profile image

      Karen 2 years ago

      I got some red wigglers for my outdoor compost and they were doing a wonderful job. My compost is close to some Sitka Spruce and Hemlock trees and my husband said, there have been a lot of problems with red worms and evergreen trees so I hope they don't get out of the compost. Sooo, wondering if you know of them causing problems with evergreens?

    • profile image

      vaishnavi 5 years ago

      wow this look intresting.not heard of it befoe these activities.

    • wormcompostingfan profile image

      wormcompostingfan 7 years ago

      thank you for reading my hub 2uesday. :) let me know how your worm composting adventure goes! :) you can always order red worms online - it's easier that way. heehee. Plus, you can read my other hubs for more info on vermicomposting. :)

    • 2uesday profile image

      2uesday 7 years ago

      Good hub, I have never tried this method of composting but it looks good.

      I know that at a certain point in compost making red worms appear in the partly decayed compost, I am never sure where they come from or go to when they disappear.

      I might give this earthworm composting method a try in the future.

    • Joyce_the_VA profile image

      Joyce_the_VA 7 years ago from Michigan

      Very informative hub!

    • wormcompostingfan profile image

      wormcompostingfan 7 years ago

      Thanks for dropping by IzzyM. :)

    • IzzyM profile image

      IzzyM 7 years ago from UK

      Excellent hub full of good sound information. Thanks:)