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Gardening,an Art

Updated on April 19, 2015

Plan Your Work

Before starting,planning is required.Prepare a sketch of your garden and its location.The following things are important to remember while planning our garden:




Sunlight requirement of plants
Sunlight requirement of plants

Sunlight:

Location should be carefully chosen.

Vegetables and most flowers do best with at least 6-8 hours of sun.


Direction

Run rows North and South,if possible.On slopes,run rows across slopes.

space is kept for cultivation
space is kept for cultivation

Size

It is best to grow only those plants we can care for easily.Keep space for cultivating and weeding.Fast growing vegetables and flowers can be planted more than once per season.

Timing

This varies from year to year.Generally the timing should be after the last average frost date for your area.Soil can be damp but not wet.

Plan Ahead

Flowers and vegetables can be started from transplants to get best results.The seeds can be bought early and planted indoors.

tilling the soil
tilling the soil

Preparing the Canvas

1.Till Soil:

Using a spade,tiller or fork,the soil should be turned over to 6-12 inches deep.Clumps should be broken and the soil made smooth.


2.Improving Soil:

Peat moss,organic material,compost or sand can be added.This will help break up heavy and clay soils and improve light and sandy soils.


3.Laying out the Plan:

Planting locations can be marked with stakes and rows with strings streched between stakes.

Tools and materials used in gardening
Tools and materials used in gardening

Flower Types

Annuals:


These grow from seed and flower in the first year and then die.

Biennials:

In the first year,they form a small plant.

In the second year,they bloom,then die.

Perennials:

In the first year,they establish themselves from seed.They do not usually flower until the second,then bloom for many years.

Selecting Flowers

Layout:

In layout the height is considered.Taller varieties are planted in the background and dwarf varieties in the foreground.


Blooming Season:

For continuous blooming all round the season,such varieties of flowers should be selectedwhich have early,mid-season and late flowering schedules.


Colors:

Single colored varieties should be chosen for home and surroundings.Color mixtures are an economical way to take advantage of the many colors available.

Flower Palette

For a flower palette,colors,textures,sizes and shapes of flower garden are considered.

Here are some suggestions for it:



Cosmos
Cosmos

Starting indoors:

These flowers can be started indoors and set in garden as transplants for earliest blooming.

Dahlia

Aster

Petunia

Marigold

Ageratum

Cosmos

African Daisy

Planting Early:

These plants can be planted in late Spring,as soon as ground can be worked.


Calendula

Larkspur

Sweet peas

Pansy

Poppy

Flowers for semi-shade areas:

Balsam

Pansy

Coleus

Sweet William

Low growing and edging flowers:

Ageratum

Pansy

Candytuft

Nasturtium

Dwarf Marigold

Dwarf Phlox

Sunflower
Sunflower

Tall and background flowers

Cosmos

Hollyhock

Larkspur

Four O'Clock

Sunflowers

Fragrant Flowers

Morning Glory

Petunia

Sweet Peas

Nasturtium

Dianthus

Verbana

Popular Perennials

Hollyhock

Phlox

Viola

Gaillardia

Vegetables

Vegetables
Vegetables
Broccoli
Broccoli

Selection of Vegetables

Starting Indoors:

Make your own transplants.Following vegetables require a long growing season.They are best started indoors 6 weeks before planting outdoors.

Broccoli

Cabbage

Brussel Sprouts

Tomatoes

Cauliflower

Celery

Peppers


Carrot
Carrot

Plant more than once per season:

Radishes

Carrots

Turnips

Beets

Lettuce

Beans

Pumpkin
Pumpkin

Plant in late Spring/early Summer:


When air and soil are thoroughly warm plant these:

Beans

Melons

Cucumber

Pumpkin

Tomatoes

Peppers

Sweet Corn

Beets
Beets

Plant in mid summer:

For late season harvest,winter storage plant these:

Carrots

Cabbage

Turnips

Beets

Garden Care

Watering:

Plants should be watered well,especially during dry spells.The ground should be thoroughly soaked with water at the time of watering.Most garden plants need 1" of water per week for best results.

Cultivating:

Keep soil loose to allow water penetration and remove weeds.


Controlling insects and diseases:

If you see signs of damage,take the samples to your local garden center.They can recommend natural or chemical controls to protect plants.

Do you like gardening?

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Greenery around us is good for health:

  • It relieves stress.
  • A tulsi plant purifies air around us.It should be planted in house because it is beneficial to health.

Tips for a happy gardening:

1.Broccoli,cauliflower,cabbage can be planted in thermocol boxes.They grow very good in thermocols.

2.When you sow vegetable seed eg. pumpkin,zukini,bottle gourd in soil,add some maurang,and then add fertilizer.All the seeds will sprout.

3.For rose grafting,cut a stem as thick and long as a pencil,then make a slit in the stem and plant it in soil with fertilizer.The stem will bud and grow into a plant.



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