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Gas-Powered Leaf Blowers Illegal in Many Cities

Updated on October 10, 2014

Leaf blowers are one of many annoying loud-noise producers in quiet neighborhoods, especially early in the morning. Gas powered leaf blowers are the worst. Thankfully, and due to sustained citizen protest, many cities across the nation have passed ordinances that either make gas-powered leaf blowers illegal or restrict their use.

This is a boon to those of us who work from home, for whom shutting windows and doors is not enough to block out the incredible noise produced by these machines. Not only is this type of leaf blower noisy, but it also puts out more carbon emissions than a car driving 100 miles . . . only all in one small space. Here are the facts.

Leaf Blowers Cause Noise Pollution

According to community action group, Citizen for a Quieter Sacramento, leaf blower noise "interferes with communication, sleep, and work. The U.S. EPA says noise degrades quality of life by impairing communication and social interaction; reducing the accuracy of work, particularly complex tasks; and creating stressful levels of frustration and aggravation that last even when the noise has ceased."

(This is certainly true in my case. I had to leave my apartment to go for a walk this morning when the gardener used his high-powered leaf blower. Now I have a headache, which is unusual for me.)

Too many machines going at once can damage the hearing. This is a common sight in neighborhoods without ordinances.
Too many machines going at once can damage the hearing. This is a common sight in neighborhoods without ordinances. | Source

Sacramento's city plan states that the maximum noise level of any machine used in a residential neighborhood must be 60 decibels. At the time their restrictions were passed, gas-powered leaf blowers measured 70-75 decibels from 50 feet away (much more close up). In neighborhoods where gardeners all do their work on the same day the noise level can be extremely high, with several gas-powered leaf blowers, lawn mowers, and chain saws going all at once up and down the street.

Acoustics experts have stated that this particular type of noise is especially irritating because of its pitch, changing amplitude, and the inability of the hearer to control it. The often toxic dust raised also endangers residents and the gardeners themselves, in addition to impairing their hearing over time.

Two Types of Air Pollution

According to the Lung Association, a leaf blower causes as much air pollution as 17 cars. It includes lead and elemental carbon picked up off the sidewalks and streets, both toxic to the human body. And it includes gas exhaust that releases carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide into the air, also both toxic. The US Environmental Protection Agency advises citizens to avoid the use of leaf blowers altogether, if they can.

The California Air Quality Management Board was concerned enough that it developed an annual program in 2002, still ongoing, to help gardeners exchange gas-powered leaf blowers for electrical ones. In spite of its popularity, there are other alternatives better than any kind of leaf blower, as you will see.

"Nationwide, two states, Arizona and New Jersey, have considered laws at the state level, and five other states have at least one city with a leaf blower ordinance."
- California Air Resources Board, Report to the California Legislature, 10/29/99

History of Leaf Blowers

Leaf blowers were first introduced into the United States in the 1950s, originally as part of a chemical spraying operation. Manufacturers soon discovered that users were removing the chemical part of the machine and just using the blowers. They quickly capitalized on that observation, and by 1990 were selling over 800,000 leaf blowers in the United States alone. Now the number is more like 1.5 million blowers.

Even before 1990 cities had begun banning the use of leaf blowers, because of the level of noise they produced. Carmel, California (in 1975) and Beverly Hills, California (in 1978) were the first to ban. Another 80 cities across the nation had ordinances either banning the equipment outright, or restricting usage or noise levels. Even states have considered banning them (Hawaii, Arizona, and New Jersey).

Sign showing that leaf blowers are banned in an area.
Sign showing that leaf blowers are banned in an area. | Source

Leaf Blower Ordinances

Since then, over 400 cities in California alone have banned or restricted the use of gas-powered leaf blowers in residential neighborhoods, according to Noise Free America. In most cases, bans appear to have been successful, with enforcement that depends on citizens reporting gardeners who use noisy leaf blowers.

In 1998 the City of Los Angeles passed an ordinance with the following wording:

"No gas-powered blower shall be used within 500 feet of a residence at anytime. Both the user of such a blower as well as the individual who contracted for the services of the user if any, shall be subject to the requirements of and penalty provisions for this ordinance. Violation of the provisions of this subsection shall be punishable as an infraction in an amount not to exceed One Hundred Dollars($100)."

Ordinances that restrict, rather than forbid use, usually require equipment with noise levels below 65 decibels (check the rating on the machine), with all sound-suppression parts intact, and run only during the main working hours of the day. Gardeners are not allowed to blow debris onto a neighbor's property and blowers cannot be strong enough to blow debris into residents' windows or doors.

Guidelines for Using Leaf Blowers . . . If you Must Use Them

There are viable alternatives to using gas-powered leaf blowers. Until a gardener is able to switch over, however, the California Landscape Contractors Association and Outdoor Power Equipment Institute offer these guidelines for blower use:

  • Wear eye and ear protection and avoid loose clothing, scarves or neck chains when using a blower.
  • Check the equipment's muffler, air intakes and air filters before operation to make sure they are working properly.
  • Operate leaf blowers in residential areas only at reasonable hours (check local ordinances for time limit restrictions); never early in the morning, late at night or on Sundays.

  • Limit the number of leaf blowers being used at once on small residential sites. This will keep the sound generated to a minimum.

  • Minimize the high-pitched whine by running the blower at the lowest possible throttle speed to do the job. Lower speeds reduce sound and give the operator maximum control. Full throttle is seldom necessary.

The leaf blower extension keeps the blow low to the ground.
The leaf blower extension keeps the blow low to the ground. | Source
  • Use the full nozzle extension so the air stream is directed close to the ground to minimize dust.

  • Pay close attention to the generation of dust. In dusty conditions, use mister attachments to slightly dampen surfaces. To clean an excessively dusty area, use a shovel to pick up the large debris and do your final cleanup with water.

  • Keep debris away from neighbors' yards, the street, vehicles, people or pets. Don't use leaf blowers to move large debris piles from one spot to another.

  • Clean up after using blowers. Dispose of debris in trash receptacles or haul it away.

  • Don't wait for complaints to change your behaviors.

If you are a resident of an apartment or condo complex where a gardener persists in using a loud, gas-powered leaf blower, you might suggest to the landlord the following addendum to their contract with the gardeners:

"All landscaping contractors, gardeners or groundskeepers that work on this property are now required to use electric (cordless or corded) leaf blowers. Outlets are available throughout the property. For every month that use of gas-powered leaf blowers persists, $25 will be deducted from the contract payment."

Alternatives to Gas-Powered Leaf Blowers

There are three main problems with gas-powered leaf blowers: Noise, air pollution from dust, and air pollution from exhaust fumes. Most city ordinances were passed in response to the noise. The following solutions resolve one or more of these issues.

Electric Leaf Blowers: Electric leaf blowers resolve part of the air pollution and some of the noise problem. By replacing the need to use gas, they remove the toxic pollutants resulting from gas exhaust. They are also somewhat quieter. They do use electricity, however, and are limited by the length of the electric cord, typically 100 ft. Hence, they raise the electric bill and are only good for small landscapes, not large ones.

Electric Leaf Vacuum/Mulchers: The air from some leaf blowers is directional and can be reversed to become a vacuum, instead. This kind of blower/vacuum has an attachment that catches and mulches leaves as they are sucked up. It gives great control over placement of leaves, eliminates both air pollution problems, and is reportedly 50-70% quieter than gas-powered leaf blowers.

Lawnmowers: Many lawnmowers also have the ability to mulch and vacuum leaves and small yard debris. There are both electric and hand propulsion mowers that do not pollute the air, are much quieter than leaf blowers, and are often cheaper too. One company is making a specially shaped, large bag for leaf collection that fits all motorized lawn mowers.

Rake and Broom: This solution resolves all three issues. It's the quietest of the alternatives and gives good control over placement of leaves. It also provides good exercise for arms, back, and chest muscles. It does take longer in most cases, and you have to (or want to) be in shape. According to the Sacramento report, "a grandmother" tested the actual time it takes to clear leaves with a rake and broom and said there is no difference. This solution is great for small landscapes, but not large ones.

Yard Sweepers: Hand-powered sweepers with a debris catch basin are quiet and pollution free. They take less energy than the rake and broom method, but are equally as effective. Most can be used on both concrete and grass. Home Depot sells a Gleason brand sweeper, and Ace Hardware sells sweepers too, as does Amazon.

If you live in an apartment and have to contend with gardeners who use loud, gas-powered equipment, try sending your manager a copy of the city noise ordinance, along with this article or another like it. That way they won't have just a complaint from you, but will also have valuable information they can use to resolve the problem.


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    • profile image

      Susan Rocha 4 years ago

      Gas leaf blowers are banned in Los Angeles. They are illegal to use. And, operators and their employers can both be cited for using them. The law has been on the books for more than 40 years.

      Most leaf blower companies now put decibels levels on their product. That is something that should be considered when buying one. But why buy one when they really have no use. All they do is blow dust into the air making allergy suffers suffer more. And, their noise is unbareable.

      Bottom line: Ban all leaf blowers. They serve no purpose. The noise is unbareable.

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 4 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      I agree with you completely, Susan. The response of one of my brothers to this article was, "I LOVE leaf blowers!" He apparently uses them to blow leaves out of the gutters. His wife and I then had an email discussion about men and their phallic toys (lol - no offense to any of you guys out there). My brother did concede fairly quickly that leaf blowers don't have to be gas-powered to be effective.

    • KrystalD profile image

      KrystalD 4 years ago from Los Angeles

      This is really well written and informative! So many things that could help our environment are simple and common sense. It is kind of crazy to think anyone would want to use these once informed that there are better alternatives. We all make choices and information is power. Thanks for getting the word out :)

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 4 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      Thanks Krystal. I sometimes think people aren't aware of the power they have when they choose what to buy. Marketers are forever looking to see how sales translate into customer interests and preferences. Some companies use the info to manipulate their promotional campaigns, but others use it to choose or even create new products to sell.

    • profile image

      Timmy 4 years ago

      I'd say there are bigger things to worry about then leaf blowers when it comes to pollution.

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 4 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      Of course there are. At the same time, we do what we can with what we have. When we catch problems when they're small, we stop them from growing bigger. If people had stopped the dumping when it first started, for example, we wouldn't have the problems with water pollution that we have now. See this article by watergeek (one of many, I believe):

    • profile image

      Mr.B 4 years ago

      I live in a townhouse community where the grounds people start the blowers in the parking lots at 9am. Not just one mind you but several all going at different decibels and pitches to the human ear. Not to mention all the dust that they all kick up at different points

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 4 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      That would drive me crazy, Mr.B. I totally feel for you.

    • rbm profile image

      rbm 4 years ago

      I never understood the point of a leaf blower. Picking up a rake works just fine and is good exercise. And Mother Nature does the rest.

      And in my opinion, the whole idea of the "perfectly manicured lawn and curb" is misguided anyhow. It's as unnatural as our monoculture fields in commercial agriculture. Time to embrace principles like permaculture and live in harmony with nature.

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 4 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      So true, rbm. I love what I've seen of permaculture - it makes so much sense. Found out today I have a friend in New Mexico who will be supporting farmers in switching over. I'm envious!

    • profile image

      bon 3 years ago

      I called the legislation in NJ today July 11, 2013 and they did not have any info on the entire state banning leaf blowers. Where did you get your info?


    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 3 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      I have added a sidebar showing the quote I referred to. Note that the article says NJ considered a state ban, not that they actually passed one. Whoever you talked to in the legislature may have not been around in the '90s.

    • AaronBurton profile image

      Aaron Burton 2 years ago from US

      Guess we goin electric! haha

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 2 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      Go Aaron!

    • profile image

      Jeffrey Craig 2 years ago

      It just blows my mind though that leaf blowers never even accomplish anything... so what's the point to begin with? Blow your leaves to your neighbors lawn? In the street? The leaves in your yard are a MESS and like any mess it needs to be cleaned up. Using a leaf blower is the outdoor equivalent to just cleaning your house by throwing the mess from one side of the living room to another, from one room to another, etc.

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 2 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      Or shoving everything into the closet, hoping no one will notice. You're right, Jeffrey. And that's after it's woken up all the neighbors, 'cause they usually do it early in the morning (droll lol).

    • profile image

      joergie 2 years ago

      I'd rather listen to a blower than constant raking which will take hours instead of minutes. Liberals are insane.

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 2 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      "Liberals"? (lol) I'm a singer. My ears are sensitive to sound. Blowers hurt my ears a lot more than rakes do, unless the raking is on concrete (which usually doesn't last long and they could as easily use a broom). Also, have you ever used a rake on a medium sized lawn? It takes about as long as a blower does. It's just a little harder on the muscles, is all.

    • profile image

      Richard 19 months ago

      One neighbor down the street has their yard work done, including 'clean up' with a leaf blower. By the end of the day, all the cars in the area are covered with dirt. That's just dumb.

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 19 months ago from Altadena CA, USA

      I'm driving a school bus for special needs kids now. I have to be careful not to open the door when the leafblowers are out. That stuff is all in the air in the street.

    • profile image

      Jason 17 months ago

      I live in a suburb of Columbus, OH. The guy across the street does the entire property with an industrial, gas-powered (and REALLY loud) blower and always takes over an hour (gotta get every dirty leaf into his neighbors' yard!). As if that wasn't enough, the guy next door has a smaller electric blower BUT he does the entire carport/driveway area on Sunday mornings and takes forever (and we're in townhouse apartments - so it's not even his property!!). Between the two of them and the bi-weekly lawn crew, I can barely stand the noise/sneezing!!!

    • Sustainable Sue profile image

      Sustainable Sue 17 months ago from Altadena CA, USA

      That would drive me crazy, Jason. Have you checked your local ordinances to see if it's worth sending in a complaint?

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