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How do you Grow Garlic

Updated on September 23, 2016

Easy to grow your own garlic

Garlic about 6 weeks a long.
Garlic about 6 weeks a long. | Source

Garlic is one of the most well known vegetables in the world, known not only for its culinary prowess, but for its medicinal purposes as well.

Garlic is a hardy vegetable and flourishes in colder climates at the start of the growing period. It should be planted in late fall or early spring to allow for a long growing season to aid with the ripening process.

Garlic grows better in full sun, with light to moderate rainfall. For areas with heavy rainfall, you can plant garlic in "hills" or "ridges" but they are likely to not yield as much.

Tip: Rotate garlic crops each year, and do not plant garlic in a plot where onions were grown the year or season before.

Harvesting and drying garlic

Freshly harvest garlic drying
Freshly harvest garlic drying | Source

When to Harvest Garlic

Once the leaves and stems of the garlic plant begin to turn yellow, you can begin to harvest. If you wait too long to harvest garlic, the bulbs will shrivel and become more prone to disease.

You can harvest garlic by hand or you can use a "garden fork" and gently unearth the bulbs. Before bundling and storing the bulbs, you want to allow them to fully dry in the sun.

Garlic is a very fragile vegetable and must be handled with care, both with planting and with harvesting, as they bruise very easily.

Braided Garlic
Braided Garlic | Source

How to Store Garlic

The most common way to store garlic, is by tying them into garlic braids and hanging them. You can also tie garlic in bunches and hang them that way. You want to store garlic in a cool dry place, preferably indoors.

Garlic Pests and Diseases

Garlic Pests

The most common pests of garlic are wireworms and onion flies. The wireworms attack the stems and bulbs of the garlic. They cause the garlic cloves to be stunted in growth and be mishapen.

Onion flies should be called garlic flies, as they like to lay their eggs at the base of the garlic plant. When the eggs hatch, the onion fly larvae burrow into the garlic bulbs and cause the plants to turn yellow, wither, and die.

If your garlic plants are affected by either of these pests, you should remove the crop entirely, apply pesticide to the soil, and rotate the crop the next year. Do not use any of the crop.

Garlic Diseases

White Rot on Garlic
White Rot on Garlic | Source

Garlic Diseases

Garlic is susceptible to downy mildew and white rot. Rainy climates are the most likely cause of downy mildew and white rot. They leave gray patches on the leaves and a grayish white fungus on the roots and garlic bulbs themselves.

Unfortunately, both of these diseases is crippling to garlic crops, rending all crops unedible. In edition to ruining the existing crop, you are prevented from growing garlic, onions, and other bulb like crops in that plot for at least 6 years.

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    • Audrey Baker profile image

      Audrey Baker 

      5 years ago from Arizona

      I found this useful and interesting. I love garlic, I usually quadruple whatever amount of garlic a recipe calls for. It never occurred to me to attempt to grow it. Thank you for planting the thought in my head!

    • Novel Treasure profile imageAUTHOR

      Novel Treasure 

      5 years ago from US

      Thanks for the suggestion, I will certainly consider adding that information in my other hubs. Thanks again!

    • twitteringbird profile image

      twitteringbird 

      6 years ago from Kerala, India

      Nice hub, but you missed to add its health benefits..It is a good natural medicine to prevent cholesterol deposition in blood vessels and good remedy against acidity, indigestion and gas problem. thanks for sharing.

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