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Growing Grapes in Northern Climates

Updated on June 1, 2011

Anyone Can Grow Grapes

Growing grapes in northern climates can be difficult, but not impossible. Grapes can be grown a variety of ways, including container gardening. If you've avoided growing grapes because they didn't succeed before or you didn't think it was possible, think again. You can grow grapes successfully, even in colder climates. All you need is the willingness to do so and a small arsenal of inexpensive supplies to get the plants through tough times.

Northern Grapes Slideshow

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Marquis Seedless available at millernurseries.com.Lakemont Seedless available at millernurseries.comInterlaken Seedless available at millernurseries.comConcord grapes available at millernurseries.comCanadice Seedless available at millernurseries.comReliance Seedless available at millernurseries.comTraminette grapes available at millernurseries.comChardonel grapes available at millernurseries.comBuffalo grapes available at millernurseries.comPrairie Star available at falconervineyards.comFrontenac Gris available at falconervineyards.comFrontenac available at falconervineyards.com
Marquis Seedless available at millernurseries.com.
Marquis Seedless available at millernurseries.com.
Lakemont Seedless available at millernurseries.com
Lakemont Seedless available at millernurseries.com
Interlaken Seedless available at millernurseries.com
Interlaken Seedless available at millernurseries.com
Concord grapes available at millernurseries.com
Concord grapes available at millernurseries.com
Canadice Seedless available at millernurseries.com
Canadice Seedless available at millernurseries.com
Reliance Seedless available at millernurseries.com
Reliance Seedless available at millernurseries.com
Traminette grapes available at millernurseries.com
Traminette grapes available at millernurseries.com
Chardonel grapes available at millernurseries.com
Chardonel grapes available at millernurseries.com
Buffalo grapes available at millernurseries.com
Buffalo grapes available at millernurseries.com
Prairie Star available at falconervineyards.com
Prairie Star available at falconervineyards.com
Frontenac Gris available at falconervineyards.com
Frontenac Gris available at falconervineyards.com
Frontenac available at falconervineyards.com
Frontenac available at falconervineyards.com

Cold Hardy Grape Vines

If you're planning on growing grapes in the north, you must start by buying rootstock that is cold hardy. This is one of the most important things you can do to get your burgeoning vineyard off to a good start.

The following are cold hardy varieties, though each year there are new varieties developed. Many of these new varieties are developed in the United States at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

Red Wine Varieties

Frontenac - cold hardy, even in zones 3 & 4

Sabrevois

King of the North

Sipaska

Clinton

White Wine Varieties

Frontenac Gris- cold hardy, even in zones 3 & 4

Prairie Star

Louise (Swenson)

Lacrescent

Niagara

LaCrosse- cold hardy, even in zones 3 & 4

St. Pepin- cold hardy, even in zones 3 & 4

Aurore

Cayuga

Table Grapes

Bluebell

Summersweet

Somerset Seedless

Ontario

Buffalo

Seneca

Juice and Jelly Grapes

Concord - cold hardy in zone 4

Valiant

Chontay

Van Buren

Schuyler

Hardy Worden


Planting Northern Grapes

Planting grapes is fairly easy, since they are usually shipped as bare root stock. However, grapes won't grow in just any old soil. They need well drained soil, usually amended with a mixture of compost, sand and peat moss. Many areas in the north have rocky or clay in the soil, making growing grapes difficult. As long as you make the soil friendly for your grapes, the chance of success in growing them will be much greater.

The best place to plant your grapes is on a gentle slope which has direct sunlight for most of the day. Grapes need plenty of sun to grow and the grapes themselves need sunlight to ripen. A gentle slope will also help to keep water from settling around the plants.

It is recommended that you wait until the danger of frost has passed before you plant your grapes, especially if you live in zones 3 and 4. Planting the grapes in amended soil is easy- simply dig a hold large enough for the grape plant, then gently tamp in the soil around it. If you have older root stock, create a small mound within the hole that you have dug. Gently arrange the root system around the mound, then gently fill in the hole, covering the roots. Tamp down gently. Generally, it is best to plant the grapes three to four feet apart. Follow any directions provided with the plants from the grape plant producer to ensure your plants will thrive in your area.

After you have planted your new grape plants, be sure to water them, keeping them moist during the growing season, but never soaking wet. Grapes hate to have "wet feet" and may succumb to root rot if left to sit in water for an extended period of time.

Finally, grapes can be grown in containers- large containers or tubs that are at least 1-2 feet deep.  The plants will also need a 3-4 foot stake placed in the container to help support the plant once it starts producing grapes.  The container may be brought indoors (such as the garage or basement) in the winter if you live in a harsh northern climate.

Grape Problems

As with any plant, there are always pests and problems to contend with. One of the biggest problems is dealing with Japanese Beetles. They will methodically defoliate your grape vines and leave the skeletal remains. To deal with these pests, I use a combination of methods. One is to simply pluck the beetles off of your plants and throw them in a bucket of soapy water. This is time consuming, but it will do the job if you are vigilant and have the time to do this every day. Secondly, buying Japanese Beetle traps can also help eliminate them. Finally, sprinkling baby powder on your plants (assuming you don't have acres of the vines), seems to stop the beetles in their tracks. However, you need to sprinkle the powder when it is especially windy or rainy.

Frost is another killer of grapes in the north. Every time I get a frost warning I panic, especially if the plants are just leafing out. If you have a small garden, placing tarps over the plants at night can protect them, however the tarps or covers must be removed promptly the next morning, or you may unintentionally "steam" the leaves and kill them when the sun comes out.

Japanese Beetles

Japanese Beetles eating grape leaves.  Photo by Charlotte Gerber.
Japanese Beetles eating grape leaves. Photo by Charlotte Gerber.
One method of getting rid of Japanese Beetles is to sprinkle baby powder on the grape leaves.  Photo by Charlotte Gerber.
One method of getting rid of Japanese Beetles is to sprinkle baby powder on the grape leaves. Photo by Charlotte Gerber.

Protecting and Winterizing Grape Plants

There are two things that people commonly use in the north to protect young rootstock and older vines. The first is plastic sleeves that fit over the new rootstock, protecting it from sunscald, harsh winds and some local wildlife.  These are pretty inexpensive and can be purchased from most nurseries, especially those that sell grape and tree stock.

Second, mounding up hay or straw around the plants before the first snowfall can also help winterize your plants in the north.  However, it must be removed or spread around once spring occurs, otherwise you may end up with a sopping mess that can cause mold growth and root rot.

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • profile image

    CassidyGrapes 

    7 years ago

    Great article about northern growing habits!

    CheerS!

  • profile image

    Growing Grapes 

    7 years ago

    Thanks for the great info.

  • Gerber Ink profile imageAUTHOR

    Charlotte Gerber 

    7 years ago from upstate New York

    Hi vegetable-garden - If you get a chance to post, what variety are you growing? I'm always looking for new varieties to try to grow here in NY. Thanks!

  • vegetable-garden profile image

    vegetable-garden 

    7 years ago from UK

    We are in the UK and are growing a grape against our pergola. It's actually doing really well and even produced some grapes.

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