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Growing Vegetables in a Small Garden

Updated on July 17, 2014
Grow Okra In Your Small Garden Easily
Grow Okra In Your Small Garden Easily | Source

Many vegetables are ideally grown from seed. Vegetables like okra, peas, beans and carrots send out tap roots and should be planted into the soil while others can be started indoors and transplanted in the garden later.

In fact, if you start warm weather veggies such as peppers, tomatoes and squash indoors, you’re likely to enjoy a higher yield.

Germinating Vegetable Seeds Is Better Than Buying  Plants
Germinating Vegetable Seeds Is Better Than Buying Plants | Source

Growing Vegetables from Seed


Seeds are cheaper and more plentiful than transplants grown in containers.. Sow about double the amount of seeds you think you may need to, since some seeds don’t make it. Store the rest in the sealed packet and place it inside a dark, cool cupboard. To increase the chances of seed productivity in future seasons, you can store the packet of seeds inside a fresh food bag.

You can avoid many diseases and pests from ruining your garden by using seeds rather than bought plants which can come with a host of problems such as slugs, weeds, root rot and oxalis. Besides, you’ll have less unsterilized soil and plant material in your garden and will find it easier to go organic and sustain your garden.

You can get seeds to germinate in any sort of container including take away food containers, trays,bins and even egg containers. Use a good soil germinating mix and keep it moist, not wet as too much water leads to illnesses and rot. Once you put in the seeds, cover the container with some sort of lid, wax paper or plastic sheet to retain moisture. Keep the containers in a warm place like on top of the fridge.

Once the seedlings show up, remove the cover and place the containers in a warm, sunlit place. The soil should be moist, not wet and you should avoid making the leaves wet as this encourages rot. To prevent plants from growing crooked as they lean towards the light, keep rotating the container every couple of days.

When the seedlings have two sets of leaves each, transfer them into separate pots and use a half-strength water-soluble manure. Keep them in a bright place until it’s warm enough outside to transplant them into your garden.

Place them according to instructions on the seed packet. Just make sure that you

Placing and Spacing Plants


Gardeners have different ideas about placing. Some like to cram the plants together, but plants need their space and being packed together encourages fungus and weak growth. Plant vegetables in rows and leave enough space in between them for you to walk and tend them.

Growing Nursery Plants


If you’re planting plants bought from a nursery, chose spots at the north side of the garden for the taller plants. This way, they won’t cut the light required by the shorter plants.

Choose a cloudy, drizzly day for planting to give your plants a head start.

It’s important to remove all the fruits and flowers from these plants since they need to adapt to their new location and fruits and flowers will only take up the energy they need for that.

Before planting, get the pit ready and make sure the soil is loose. Soak the root ball in a bucket of water and if there are any circling roots, remove these gently so that the roots get enough air and nutrient circulation. Plant at the same depth as before.

Watering Your Vegetable Plants


Water thoroughly. Soak the soil after you plant. Unless it’s raining or drizzling, you may have to water every day for a week in dry, hot weather.

In cool weather, you may not need to water every day at all. Check the soil for moistness or hardness.

Plant Rows Of Veggies At Home
Plant Rows Of Veggies At Home | Source

Intercropping


Or you may want to call it interplanting. You can plant corn, beans and squash together as their root systems are compatible and they grow well together. Plants shouldn’t have to fight each other for resources.

Succession Planting


Another method that ensures a good harvest is succession – after one crop has yielded, plant another, instead of the same one.

For example, once you begin to harvest the onions which are sowed in late spring, you can sow okra seeds in the holes left by the pulled out onions. Make sure that the remaining onions don’t shadow the okra. By the time you have harvested all the onions, the okra plants are established.

When the okra begins to bear flowers and fruit in late summer, you can sow mustard greens and lettuce beneath the plants. You’ll have fresh greens throughout the winter. In this way you can grow a variety of crops in your garden every year.

Enjoy Fresh Veggies Through the Year From Your Garden


To ensure veggies throughout the year, avoid sowing a whole packet of seeds at one go, especially when they are veggies that can give you more than you need such as bush beans, tomatoes, zucchini and cauliflower. Instead, sow them three weeks apart.

Dwarf Varieties in Containers


You can grow dwarf cucumbers, bush beans and tomatoes in containers on the rooftop or the balcony since these smaller varieties need less space in which to grow.

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    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Good information for those with a small area. We have about 1/4 acre, and in two years we hope to have a farm....I write hubs about urban farming hoping to encourage people to move toward sustainable living. :)

    • Anita Saran profile image
      Author

      Anita Saran 3 years ago from Bangalore, India

      Thanks for reading billybuc. I too believe in sustainable living. I have rainwater harvesting, solar power and also a greywater pit. Apart from my garden.

    • profile image

      Biswanath 2 years ago

      Well when summer EVER rechaes this part of the UK (it's still drizzly and cold every day and it's JULY) I plan to harvest all my yummy blackberries that are still green at this point I normally gather them at the end of June!Would be great to see a few more pics shared on your blog, or in the background, to make it look more colourful and interesting I'm pretty good with WordPress so if you have any Qs just ask away

    • Anita Saran profile image
      Author

      Anita Saran 2 years ago from Bangalore, India

      Thank you Biswanath. Blackberries? Yum! Wish I could grow them here. Good idea to add some pictures as you suggest. I have some beans sprouting in my small garden at the moment and karela (bitter gourd) too as well as the capped gooseberry - I ate one just now. Delicious! I grew a couple of plants from seed.

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