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How to grow a SPIDER PLANT

Updated on February 29, 2020
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22 years old Student of biological sciences with a passion for writing amazing and captivating content for the viewers.

SPIDER PLANT
SPIDER PLANT

INTRODUCTION

The scientific term used for Spider plant is Chlorophytum Comosum, Spider plant is also known as airplane plant, Spider ivy, or Ribbon Plant. This is a specie of perennial flowering plant. Spider plant is quite easy to grow as a house plant. The most popular are the variegated forms that are grown in house. Chlorophytum Comosum is the native species of tropical and southern Africa, However, in the past few years it has become quite popular in other parts of the world as well such as Western Australia. They look nice in the hanging baskets and loved a lot in the Victorian era as it can be grown in a wide range of environments. You can see from its structure why it is called spider plant.

PRIMARY CHARACTERISTICS

  • Spider plant or Spider Ivy grows to about 60 centimeters tall.
  • The fleshy, tube like roots are about 5-10 cm long.
  • Length of the long narrow leaves of spider plant reaches to about 20-45cm and their width is about 6-25 milometers.
  • They are grown in a long-branched clusters or group of 3-6 flowers, that has the length of 75cm and after reaching this length they bend downwards.
  • The flowers are greenish white in color and they occur on the stalks having the length of about 4-8 mm.
  • There are three varieties of the Spider plant. These varieties could be the example of “Convergent Evolution” as the differences are seen in the leaf shape.
  • This species is known to reduce the household air pollution. Spider Plant was able to remove household air toxins such as Xylene and Formaldehyde, as determined by the NASA Clean Air Study.
  • They start producing flowers in spring.
  • Vinegar can be used as insecticides.

Flowers of Spider Plant
Flowers of Spider Plant

VARIABLE TRAITS

The qualitative spider plant traits include growth habit, the color of their flower (purple, pink, white) stem color and hair, petiole color and hair, and also leaf color. These traits have shown no concern with the seasonal changes. Number of primary branches and plant height have contributed in increase in leaf count. Spider plant breeding programs can be generated by the spider plant morphological structure which will play a huge role in the development of genetic and genomic resources for the breeding programs.

MODE OF PROPAGATION

a. LAYERING

Spider plant can be rooted in water or directly in soil as well. The propagation of this plant is easy and not complicated enough as it involves planting the small leaves, spiderette, of the adult spider plant in pot that is filled with the potting mix. The potting mix should be of light weight. The presence of drainage holes in the bottom is must for the proper propagation of your plant. until the spiderette takes its own roots, you can leave it attached with the parent spider plant. Once the roots are out separate your baby spider plant and set it in a new pot.

b. SOIL

An easier method of growing a spider plant is through soil. Cut a small plantlet having lots of roots at its base from the adult spider plant. Dip the plantlet in water then in a rooting hormone. Use a commercial potting soil and plant your plantlet in it and make sure the soil stays moist until growth appears.

c. WATER

Cut a plantlet from your adult Spider pant make sure the plantlet has lots of roots. Then place the plantlet roots in a container containing fresh water. Leave it there until new roots arise. Then place the plantlet in a pot containing fresh soil and keep the soil moist in the start.


d. FERTILIZER

You can also use fertilizers for the growth of Spider plant. Use it by reading the label on the packet. Repeat this after every week in spring or summer when the plant is actively growing.

GROWING TIPS

  • Well drained soil
  • Bright, indirect light
  • Water them but not too much
  • They prefer to dry out a little

MATURE SIZE PLANT

The maximum height of Spider plant is about 30 cm. They grow quickly and easily.

Mature Spider Plant
Mature Spider Plant

PEST AND DISEASES

  • TIP BURN

Caused by Dry soil, low humidity, too much salt and chemicals. Soil must stay moist. Cutting off brown tips is required.


  • MEALGYBUGS

Insects that feed on spider plant.


  • SPIDER MITES

Insects that feed on spider plant.


  • APHIDS

Insects that feed on spider plant.

ADDITIONAL USES

  • Leaves are cooked for feeding purposes
  • Medicinal purposes
  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-malaria
  • Anti-microbial Properties

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