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How Do You Grow Grapes?

Updated on September 23, 2010

How Do You Grow Grapes?

How do you grow grapes? Before seeking the answer to this question it is imperative to know which type of grapes you intend to grow. Norhern US grapes stand out as self pollinating while Southern US Muscadine will have to be pollinated by pollinizer. Grapes can be affected by fungal diseases. Different varieties are really vulnerable and others are immune.



Yellow jacket wasps are usually attacking grapes harvests. You do have to choose one grape variety that ripens before the fall as that is when yellow jacket wasps start to appear. Alternatively you may use a trap to capture wasps. Grapes can be one great bait in any trap. Make sure that grape juice goes through every hole. Once trapped the wasp wil not come out. It automatically dies after some time passes. One interesting fact is that wasps can be fought with the use of dishwashing liquid spray that was diluted. Spray the liquid on them as they usually instantly die when sprayed.



If you want to see tender grapevines developing properly you need to offer them good support to grow. You can build a trellis with a PVC pipe available at any hardware store. Use a few screws to keep pipes together and create a structure based on holes drilled into them. You should use pipes with vertical holes and connect your grapevine together by using copper wires.



You do need to knwo when to pick your grapes. It must be just at the right time. You can taste the bottom grape of a bunch. If it tastes sweet, the bunch is ready to be picked. Green grapes have uneven distribution of ripe grapes so just checking the last grape would not be sufficient. However, it is advisable to pick grapes earlier rather than having them destroyed by wasps and ants. In August and July you might see Reliance blooms that are seedless.



When February ends and March begins we are faced with the best possible time for grape pruning. Pruning is very important to shift the energy from the roots to the fruits. If left without pruning, all the energy would go waste in buds that would simply shed off as they would not get sufficient nutrients. The grapevine might lose water for around one week after pruning. This is not harmful for the grapevine and would stop by itself.



More grapevines can be planted by taking cuttings from the main plant. You need to be careful because most modern varieties also have attached patents so you can not do everything that you want to with them. You can choose an alternative planting scheme.



You can take cuttings and put half of them in water then store them in cool places that do have sunlight so that the water does not heat up. After a few weeks the buds and leaves would grow followed by the roots. When the roots are enough they can be planted in the soil or in a pot.



Take care about the fertilizer you use though. Organic gardening potassium can be a crucial element in growing grapes of really high quality. You may grind 2-3 oz of granite rock and spread it around the wine to get good results. Wine roots will usually grow till around 6 feet away from a bottom while quickly spreading into rock. Potassium spray can be used as an alternative because granite rock is sometimes very hard to find. Never utilize phosphorous although nitrogen can be really good for any grape harvest.



So ultimately how are grapes grown? Whenever planting grapes you have to think about a lot of factors. From planting, pruning, keeping scavengers to fertilizing, the methodology may be different, but the tips mentioned above can help you to a large degree.

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