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How do Red Wiggler Worms Breed?

Updated on June 5, 2010

The multiplication process of Red Wiggler worms start the moment that two worms unite. You need not look for female and male species to make mating possible simply because Red Wiggler worms have two reproductive organs. This characteristic makes it easier for them to breed, thus reproduction is faster.

How do Red Wiggler worms breed?

They prefer to reproduce in a temperature of 50-85 degrees Fahrenheit. You cannot also expect them to multiply unless they are provided with their basic needs such as food and home. Their sexual activity becomes really active when given the right attention. When they unite, it is through their clitellums. When you see that the clitellum is color orange, you will know that the worm is already ready to look for a mate. Their heads are in opposite straight directions so they can both secrete sperms for each other. Once the mating is done, you can expect cocoons or egg cases.

Now these egg cases may contain around 4-6 baby composting worms which will come out from the cases after 30-45 days that is (after the cocoons’ incubation period).  It is again important that you maintain the temperature requirement so that the eggs will hatch.  You may notice that Red Wiggler worms leave their cocoons after giving it out.  This is normal because they don’t have maternal instinct.  You can only imagine how much worms can perform worm composting because of the fast reproduction process of the Red worms.

The cycle goes on. Baby worms will develop in just 40-60 days and they will be ready for mating again. One worm can also last up to 5 years. This just proves that the breeding and raising Red Wiggler worms can be a good source of income.


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      wormyme 6 years ago

      I just started my worm farm, and am trying to learn as much as possible. This was very interesting. Thank you.