How to Attract Hummingbirds in Your Yard by Planting Canna Lily Lilies in Your Garden
What is a Canna, Canna Lily
Hummingbirds love Canna Lily flowers. Canna are not actually a lily but are often referred to as "Canna Lilies/Lily". It is a genus of nineteen species of flowering plants. Although it is a plant of the tropics, it can grow in most countries of the world as long as it can get 6-8 hours of average sunlight during the Summer.
They are large tropical/subtropical perennial herbs with rhizome roots. They have broad, flat, alterate leaves that grow out of a stem in a long narrow roll and then unfurl. The leaves are typically solid green but some have brownish, maroon, or even variegated leaves.
Beautiful Canna Lilies
Hummingbird & Canna Lily
How to Plant Canna Rhizomes
Cannas have "rhizomes" which are horizontal stems of the plant that send out "roots" and "shoots" from it's nodes.
Dig holes and plant the rhizomes horizontally 4"-6" deep, and 2 feet apart for tall varieties or 1 foot apart for the medium to dwarf types. Place the rhizomes (after any threat of frost ) in an area that drains well with the eyes facing up. Water generously soaking the soil. I live in the Northeast Region and I usually plant my canna after Mother's Day as long as any threat of frost is long over. They grow rather quickly and before you know it they can get as tall as 7-8 feet.
Once the flowers appear, have your camera ready and watch for the hummingbirds. They love red colored flowers and the sweet nectar of the canna.
I am going into my seventh season this year planting canna. Before the first frost I have to take the rhizomes out of the ground and place them in peat moss in large brown bags and store them in the basement for the next season. It is a lot of work but well worth it. Besides attracting hummingbirds they give your yard a tropical feel all Summer long as well as provide a privacy fence.
You can start out experimenting with a few. If you live in a year-round warm weather region they can stay in the ground. The great thing about the rhizomes is you can actually break them in-between the eyes to divide the roots. Every year mine multiply like crazy and I end up giving friends and neighbors rhizomes.
Note: Canna does best in full sun, well drained area & loves to be watered!