ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Build an Elevated Second Floor Deck

Updated on January 21, 2015
Photo A
Photo A
Photo B
Photo B
Photo C
Photo C
Photo D
Photo D
Photo E
Photo E

Step by Step How To Build an Elevated Deck


First thing that you should know is to check with you local government and find out what rules that you have to follow to be in code. They can change from place to place. I always use a 6” x 6” post on any deck that I build over 6’ High. The reason is that over time they tend to start to get a shake to them. With a 6” x 6” post buried into the ground 30” or more and filled with Concrete they will not move. Always use pressure treated wood. I always lay out the outside corners first and get them Square and Plumb. Then with a line I can set any other post.

The best way to design a deck for your self is to get a piece of Graph paper and making every square a foot laying it out. That way you can figure out what it will look like before you build it. Also most major building supply places like Home Depot and Lowes will take your sketch and make a blueprint of it also figuring out the materials that are needed to build along with the cost of materials. If you have zoning or code for your local government you can now present this to them for approval.

Tools Needed

Saw

Square

Hammer

Post Hole Digger

Shovel

Saws All

Digging Bar

Level 6’ or longer

String

Wheelbarrow

Drill

Assorted Drill Bits

1. After you have drawn a plan of what you are going to build drive a stake in the ground on the outside corners. Making sure that they are square and located in the correct spot. Dig a hole at least 30” deep or below frost line, whichever is deeper. Setting the post into the hole with a level, Plumb and using a friend pour cement into the hole making sure it stays plumb and in the correct position. Once the concrete starts to set you will not move it. Pour concrete to the top of the hole. See Photo B. You will only have to hold it for a few minutes till it starts to set up.

2. After setting all the corner posts. Take a line and stretch it around the outside perimeter and start digging the inside posts. I like to space them about every 4’. Then set each post as you go making sure they are plumb.

3. While you are waiting for the post to set. I normally wait at least 24 hour or more for the concrete to set. If you shake them before it is set then you may crack the concrete around the post. You can start to put the plate board up on the house. See Photo C. If you are installing this on a concrete block wall then they need to be held on by concrete anchor bolts every 16”. Before doing this I always Figure out where the Joists are going to go then space 1 bolt between each joist see Photo C. If you are going to install this Board onto wood and there is siding there you must cut out the siding and put a piece of flashing in to keep the water from running up underneath. I also put 2 Lag Bolts every 16” if they are going to hit where a floor joist is then countersink them so the heads are underneath.

4. Next install a Galvanized joist hanger every 16”on center where the joist is going to go.

5. Next Install all the outside Plates and Bolt them thru see Figure D You will need 2 bolts per Post. They have to be 3/8 x 8” long Carriage Bolts.

6. After all the outside plates are installed then go ahead and install the rest of the joist hangers. I also like to double up the outside plates for the extra strength. I use # 10 galvanized nails and nail 3 nail every 16”.

7. Next cut and install floor Joists.

8. Using 5/4 Pressure treated decking. Screw with deck Screws or nail using Galvanized Ring nail or Screw nails.


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      carpentercommonsense 

      17 months ago

      this deck is dangerous and susceptible to lateral stress, and pulling away from the wall.

      lag bolts alone are not an adequate means of attaching a ledger,

    • handymanbill profile imageAUTHOR

      Bill 

      5 years ago from western pennsylvania

      Thanks for the nice comment. Good luck on your Deck

    • iguidenetwork profile image

      iguidenetwork 

      5 years ago from Austin, TX

      This is really wonderful! Thanks for sharing your carpentry knowledge as well as the step by step images. I would have loved to have a deck for our home too. :)

    • handymanbill profile imageAUTHOR

      Bill 

      6 years ago from western pennsylvania

      thansk for the visit and nice comments

    • Faceless39 profile image

      Kate P 

      6 years ago from The North Woods, USA

      Just Fantastic! Voted up and across. Wonderful images.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)