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How to Plant Ornamental Plants in Your Modern Garden

Updated on January 8, 2013

Importance of Ornamental Plant in Gardens

A garden is a very special area of your home where you can grow fruits and vegetables, medicinal herbs, and ornamental plants. Prepare a garden in your home to provide happiness to both your eyes and mind. A garden is complete only when ornamental plants, flower trees, walking path, pond, lawn etc come together.

Ornamental plants are usually grown for decorative purposes in gardens.

The main part for any type of garden is ornamental plants like

  1. Shoe flower
  2. Thechi or Chethi (Red Ixora coccinea)
  3. Nandyarvattam
  4. Rose etc.

Along with all these traditional types of ornamental plants many new types of hybrid plants have also started gaining its position in modern gardens.

Different Types of Ornamental Plants

There are a number of modern flowering plants like different varieties of orchids, euphorbia, and adenium in gardens. Many fruit plants and vegetables from vegetable garden have also started captivating its place in gardens.

The hybridization procedures conducted in these vegetable and fruit plants have paved its way to the foundation of their ornamental types. Attractive varieties of capsicum, pine apple, cabbage, cauliflower, chilly, orange, fashion fruit etc that arouse our curiosity are now available to be grown in gardens.

‘Brassica’ and ‘Kale’ are the ornamental types of cabbage. The wide leaves of its white, pink and violet colors are packed like layers of roses on these plants. The fruits of the hybrid variety of pineapple namely ‘Adem’s apple’ are seen like small pineapples at the end of its long stem in dark red, orange and pink colors. Another beautiful fruit plant like the pineapple is ‘bush orange’. The fruits of bush orange that are grown like bonsai method in pots are eatable. In favorable conditions the fruits grow in bunches on its stems. It looks really very attractive in dark yellow color, which appears just like small bulbs. This orange is suitable to be used instead of lemon for its juice.

The structure of the ornamental type of pysonia (cheera) namely ‘Souhridacheera’ is just like a small tree. When Souhridacheera is placed where it receives direct sunlight, its leaves appear as bright light yellow color, crowded with leaves, which is eatable. The ornamental fashion fruit plant is suitable to be grown in gardens for twining flowering plants. This twine plant has attractive dark red, blue and violet colors of big flowers that produce flowers throughout the year. The ornamental fashion fruit plant doesn’t produce its fruit naturally. The ornamental chilly plants in violet, red, white and yellow colors are suitable for decorating gardens. The seeds of such ornamental chilly plants grow thickly and are very hot. But these are not used as spice in kitchen.

Ornamental Plant Contest, Thailand

Planting Procedures of Ornamental Plants

The ornamental fruits and vegetables like capsicum, kale, brassica, chilly etc are grown annually. The seeds and seedlings of these varieties are available in nurseries after the rainy season. A mixture of river sand and cow dung powder is taken in a shallow wide plate where the seeds are planted.

In order to keep this mixture moist, it has to be watered once daily. When these seedlings grow enough with 3-4 leaves it can be transplanted into a pot where it would grow permanently. The small seedlings that can be found under the mother plant of an ornamental pine apple plant can be used to grow separately. The seedlings that gain necessary size can be used to grow separately by taking it along with its roots. Souhrida cheera and ornamental fashion fruit plant are grown by stem cutting method.

How to Give Proper Care to Ornamental Plants.

It’s better to grow the annual varieties of vegetables and fruits in pots. The seedlings can be planted in pots of 8 inches height. The mixture to fill the pot can be prepared by mixing equal amount of red soil and river sand with some cow dung powder or sterameal as manure. The seedlings of capsicum and other ornamental chilies will start producing flowers and seeds within 45-50 days of its growth. The ornamental vegetable and fruit plants are to be grown in places where it gets 4-5 hours of direct sunlight. For the initial stage of these plants, the chemical fertilizer 18:18:18 is to be used. When it grows sufficiently big, bio manures like bone meal, cattle dung, goat dung, sterameal etc are enough. Bush orange, Adem’s apple, ornamental fashion fruit and souhrida cheera of persistent nature are apt to be grown on the ground. A pot of 10 inches height is suitable to grow bush orange in bonsai method.

In order to grow souhrida cheera and fashion fruit in the ground, a one feet pit has to be dug in square shape. Fill the pit with river sand and red soil and use sterameal for manure. The seedling grown in cover has to be planted in to this pit along with the mixture. During rainy season don’t allow water to get collected in the pit. If the moisture in the pit where bush orange is planted is high, its leaves will fall down. Souhrida cheera grown in pots has to be maintained to a sufficient height by cutting down its stems.

Most of the ornamental vegetable and fruit plants grown in the garden can’t be used for eating. The main role of ornamental plants is to beautify the surroundings of the house. Along with the aesthetic and economic importance of ornamental plants, flowering and non-flowering ornamental plants is a thriving business in cities and urban areas.


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    • profile image

      hasmukh panchal 3 years ago

      Thanks a lot

    • LensMan999 profile image

      LensMan999 4 years ago from Trans-Neptunian region

      Hi MarleneB,

      Glad to find that you enjoyed the hub on ornamental plants. I think it is one of the best hobbies that give satisfaction of mind.

    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 4 years ago from USA

      I enjoy ornamental plants. You mentioned kale. I have lots of kale and other beautiful plants in my garden - some for eating and some for pure enjoyment. Your hub was a joy to read. And, now after reading it, I want to go out and take in the beauty of the ornamental plants growing all around my house.

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 5 years ago from Wales

      Brilliant and thank you for sharing .I vote up and share all around.