How to Grow Roses from a Stem Cuttings
Rose is one of the most popular flower in the world. In tropical places, where there are plenty of rains and sunshine, Roses blooms all year round. The size varies from big to small and it is available in almost all kinds of colors.
If you cut the stem of a healthy rose and you plant the cut stem directly on the ground, you will notice that after 2 weeks the rose plant have formed roots and spout new set of leaves.
Why Roses can Grow by Planting a Cut Stem?
Roses can grow by planting a cut stem because roses naturally contain auxin, a normal root-promoting hormone. Leaves and growing flowers produces auxin and build up at the base of a cutting, where the roots will appear. If the stem have sets of leaves before you cut and plant on the soil, the chances of survival is higher.
Things to consider in choosing the stem for plant cutting
Pest free and Blooming
Only take and cut stem from a healthy plant to have higher success of growing new plant. Cut from a stem who already have flowers so that when you grow the new plant, it will bloom quickly.
Young vigorously growing plants
For a stem cutting, choose a young stem of the plant instead of adult and hard stems to have higher chances of survival.
Time or season of cuttings
During summer select a well watered plant. The best time to plant a stem cuttings is when the temperature are not so warm that it can take the stored food and water of the stem needed for growth or remove the excessive moisture needed to build own roots.
Things you need
Sharp scissor that can cut the stem of Roses without damaging too much.
Cut Stem of Rose
The stem of rose must be at least 6 inches long to better hold and protect the roots when it comes out, plant the stem deeper to about half the length of the stem.
Rooting Hormone (Optional)
The active ingredients found on commercially available rooting hormone are indole-3-butyric acid ("IBA") and naphthaleneacetic acid ("NAA"), though it was not really necessary,others try this to make sure that the stem cuttings of roses will grow roots quickly.
Sweet Soil is better, but if you don't have sweet soil, a normal soil would be alright.
The pot should have enough big hole at the bottom that can release excess water from the pot.
Keep the leaves with enough moisture and water the plant once a day. Be extra careful not to touch the stem during watering.
From the beginning until the plant have new spout of leaves, place the pot away from small kids and pets and avoid too much exposure to direct sunlight.
What to expect during the growing stages of plant that came from a stem cutting of rose?
Day #1 to Day #9
All leaves are still healthy and green.
From the first day until the time you see small spout of leaves, Mist a little water to the soil and to prevent the roots from damaging, do not touch the plant so that new and forming roots will not be damage.
Day #10 to Day #14
Other leaves starting to detach from the stem, but a small spout was coming out and replace dry leaves.
While growing the plant, its normal to notice all leaves fell off from the stem, but the next thing to happen is new spout of leaves are coming out.
How do you know if the stem cutting of roses are still alive?
If the stem are still tender, even if all the leaves fell down and became dry, the stem are still alive.
Continuously water the plant everyday, do not touch the plant. Wait for more days and let the plant grow and spout new sets of leaves.
Do not pull the plant to check for roots. Just wait for new spout which is the best evidence that the plant produce own roots. Pulling the plant may damage the small roots.
Advantages of Planting a Rose by Stem Cutting
Save Cost - Instead of buying seeds from a merchant, we can propagate our own plant by cutting a stem and putting the plant on a soil.
Easiest Way - The stem was already matured and ready to bloom again. No need to wait for months to see big, blooming and healthy flowers.
Relaxation - Trimming, cutting stems, shaping the plant and seeing new blooming flowers are fun and a great way to forget other things once in a while.