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How to Start a Vegetable Garden - Gardening ideas and Gardening Tips for Beginners

Updated on September 18, 2015

Current trends in vegetable gardening & important facts

The rediscovery of traditional agriculture and the passion for the genuine organic products grown close to home, are involving the entire globe. It is no secret that more and more would-be entrepreneurs who sees that the gardening can get a good income. They are, in fact, a significant increase in consumers who would like to get with a simple click fresh green vegetables in their own home or spend a different day, and "shopping" in the field, bringing home the containers in which environmentally sustainable many varieties of fresh vegetables.

To meet this growing demand, you can start a business that is innovative, and transform their ground in the location of the tip of a short chain of the local market. Investments for starting a vegetable garden cannot be high and the initial plot of land can also be small. Over time, with the acquisition of new techniques and when you are more familiar, you can increase production, having tested the preferences of the local market. You can also choose to integrate a small laboratory for the transformation of the vegetable so as to offer in every season, canned vegetables, dried vegetables and many other products, sold to a potential national market thanks to e-commerce. The flavor of tradition and business idea ecological and health-conscious, in a very modern, are the ingredients that make the garden business innovation and potentially successful.

In doing so, the methods of cultivation have become exportable everywhere and are no longer bound to a territory. They also established production models that reward only the ability to provide agricultural products at ever lower prices. For this reason, manufacturers extensive choose the raw materials on the basis of strictly economic criteria and tend to leave sometimes overshadow the quality and respect for tradition. In this context, an increasing number of consumers who claim the right to be informed about what they eat and, above all, to be able to consciously opt for an alternative.

To escape to a scenario that favors the standardization of crops and, consequently, the poor quality of their fruit, the choice falls on the strategy of product differentiation. A first impulsive reaction, in this direction consisted in the dissemination of their kitchen gardens set up just outside urban centers and spaces available anywhere in the country. In many cases initiatives represent somewhere between a hobby and the company, shared by a renewed passion for the countryside and the desire to work outdoors, running away from urban stress. Added to this is the possibility of obtaining an income supplement and sometimes, in other cases, such as to justify a full-time commitment.

"Organic Vegetables"

As for products called "Organic Vegetables", their value also increases by virtue of their nature and sustainable strongly ecologist. All phases of the life cycle of these products, from fertilizer to the land that hosts them for sale to the final consumer, limit or eliminate altogether the activities harmful to the environment. For example, the pollution caused by transport, packaging complex substances for storage etc.

In line with the growing interest in ecology, we are increasingly appreciated the fruit and vegetables produced organically certified. In this way, the quality message is even more incisive and promotes the conservation and protection of a specific territory and its products.

Inside the White House: The Kitchen Garden

These considerations are the main reason that prompted the most famous promoter of urban allotment to start her project. We're talking about Michelle Obama and the initiative to set up a vegetable garden in the vast garden of the White House, an idea that the presidential couple cultivated since 2009. With great determination, the goal of the first lady is to promote not only the consumption of fresh vegetables feeding American, torn from the consequences of years of fast-food and high calorie foods, but also self-sufficiency, as far as possible, from the commercial point of view. The garden of Michelle Obama is, in all respects, a garden of "war". This should serve as an example so that all Americans understand that they have a chance against a high price increments and, above all, the opportunity to once again become masters of their own States acknowledgment.

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The garden of Michelle Obama

The speed with which the idea has caught on, especially on the web, is a clear signal of the revolution that these crops can achieve in food culture, but also in the business of garden products, fresh or processed.

From the business point of view, to work on this activity allows the person who is passionate, to pursue an interesting, diverse, healthy, adapted to their abilities and needs of time. You do not need a particularly large agricultural skills that need can be acquired through study or, gradually, with the experience.

Tips for organic gardening: Let’s start.

The GARDEN is not only a place of production of fresh healthy and tasty vegetables, but is also a window on nature and its valuable lessons. We learn to observe nature, to follow the evolution of plants, to learn about the land and the varieties to grow your way around the kitchen garden. The success in the cultivation of vegetables depends mainly on four factors:



- The sun exposure of your garden should be in full light
- Water: the horticultural plants need water to grow
- The ground: a medium texture, fertile and draining
- The human factor: it is not just arms and energy, but also common sense.


Finally there is another critical success factor: the weather, unfortunately we cannot do anything on that. The garden should be comfortable and easy to reach. It should not be too far away from your house. The paths must unite all parts of the garden and be wide enough at least 40 cm.

The garden: how much space we need

Example for a family of 3/4 people: - Around 30 sqm. - Sufficient to have a good supply of fresh vegetables. On 60 sqm. - You can get vegetables throughout the year. Vegetables can be grown asparagus, potatoes, artichokes, cardoons ect.

Ground Preparation

The garden: preparing the ground

Take care to eliminate the roots of weeds that penetrate deeply into the soil. The preparations must be made in the fall or winter (but not when it freezes). Eliminate the big stones and any other foreign body then made a deep digging. If the soil is heavy, hard and compacted, add sand to make it softer and draining. If it is dry, sand stir in the appropriate organic compounds garden, mixed with peat. Let me go through the winter with plates well exposed and early spring, practiced careful milling. At this stage you can enrich the soil to prepare it for cultivation. Fertilization (manure mature would be perfect) is done in mid-autumn and mid spring. Prefer complex and slow release fertilizers also rich in microelements. Finally fence off the area to prevent the vegetables from being damaged by wild animals. After preliminary work, the garden is divided into portions, in reference to the vegetables that we decided to cultivate.

The garden: how to make the soil fertile

The necessary nutrients for plants are normally supplied from the plot. If it is deficient in some substances will result in less production or, in some cases, the lack of growth in some species. If the soil is deficient in certain nutrients you may be remedied by making fertilizers. Another important element for fertility is the wealth of "humus" of the land. Its presence can be detected by checking the color of the ground: it is rich in organic matter has a brown-blackish. A soil rich in humus-rich soil microorganisms that convert organic substances that come in the same plot. A land with little humus tends to become sterile. It can however greatly improve the situation by making the organic substance, in the form of manure or fertilizer of biological origin. A simple analysis of the soil will allow you to understand how much of your garden soil is fertile and productive.

To limit the exploitation of the soil of a small garden, it is advisable to grow every year, clover in a quarter of the garden, to be buried when it arrived at flowering (the technique is called green manure), thereby improving soil fertility.

Drip Irrigation

The garden: irrigation

The first golden rule is to water the garden into the sunset or early in the day, in order to avoid thermal shock to the plants and waste water caused by evaporation. Never water in broad daylight! Who knows how many times we wondered if it is best to water in the evening or in the morning! We must make a distinction. In summer, the plants are most in need of water and we have to bathe them in the evening, around sunset, to ensure that they have all night to absorb the water. In the spring, we will have to water in the morning, to avoid that during the night the water can freeze and ruin so the roots. A vegetable garden of 50 square meters has a maximum daily requirement of about 50 liters of water. Being the average flow rate of a faucet comprised between 15 and 25 l / min. It will need 10 minutes a day to wet it manually. One of the most recommended is the "drip" irrigation with hose. It is nothing more than a small plastic tube with some holes that placed close to the plants, guarantees a slow and inexorable watering.

The garden: crop rotation

Not to be told that the kitchen garden of the neighbor is lusher than ours, we remember to change every year the arrangement of the plants to grow, so you get a natural biological balance. The rotation is importance to maintain the vital and productive soil in your garden. The rotation most common and easiest is not to plant in the same area the same plants, but change nonetheless location every year. The basic principle is to never happen to the crops themselves. An example: 1st year: tomato 2nd year: Leafy vegetables 3rd year: beans 4th year: cabbage. Some plants, when grown close together, promote mutual development and defend each other from pests. The substances secreted by roots of tomatoes stimulate the growth of celery; carrots keep away fly onions, onions and the carrot. Organic farming exploits these sympathies between plants to avoid the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

The garden: transplantation

In the classic version of a vegetable garden plants are arranged in rows. It 'a very practical solution as well as appealing, as will be very pleasant the incredible variety of shapes, sizes and colors that nature gives us. You should prepare the ground that will house the seedlings and water them properly. Then, as carefully as you can and avoid damaging the roots, performed the transplant well compressing the soil around the roots. Do follow an abundant watering, to limit flooding. Ask for the "Guide for transplantation" from your garden plant dealer. That may contain useful advice on varieties of vegetable plants that produce. Cultivate a piece of land and see those red tomatoes grow it gives strength to the spirit and makes you forget the worries of daily work. Tasty and flavorful crops in all seasons, savings, health and wellness within reach.

Transplantation

Health & Wellness - Gardens and Health

Plant gardens, remove the weeds, watering activities are equivalent to 20 minutes of gym per day!

In addition, it is an exercise that takes place in the open air and in contact with nature. Therefore it allows to relax and release stress. With the priceless pleasure of producing healthy vegetables, wholesome and tasty!

In short, having a Home Vegetable garden is a healthy way of life!

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