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14 Ways to Take Care of Flower Plants at Home or in the Garden

Updated on April 27, 2017
Jan Saints profile image

Januaris is a miniature garden designer and author of landscaping guides. He loves to write about garden flowers, ponds, lawn and hedges.

Flower plants (or basically flowers) are usually more delicate compared other garden plants. They therefore need to be given some extra care. If you take a good care of your flower plants, they will grow healthily and will always give you a fresh and pretty bloom.

Read on to learn about the best ways to take care of your chrysanthemum, sunflower, rose and other flower plants.

beautiful yard
beautiful yard | Source

In brief, how to take care of flower plants

1. Water them regularly

2. Apply appropriate fertilizers

3. Remove weeds

4. Mulch them

5. Provide them with enough sunlight

6. Prevent & control pests

7. Prevent & control diseases

8. Keep them safe from animals

9. Practice pinching & pruning on them

10. Do thinning & culling on them

11. Stake them

12. Do deadheading on them

13. Use clean garden tools

14. Replace garden/pot soil

1. Water Your Plants Regularly - Great Way to Take of Your Flowers

Your plants need more water in summer, and it is recommended to water them at least once every day during this season. During winter, they don't lose a lot of water to the atmosphere, and you can water them twice a week.

The type of flower determines the amount of water to use. So find out the water requirements of your plants in order to determine the amount of water to use on them. Summer flowers do not require a lot of water, which means that watering activities will be minimal when growing them.

Other factors that determine the amount of water to use on your plants are the type of soil and the amount of rainfall. NOTE: Excess water in your garden can cause rotting, so use the right amount.

2. Use Appropriate Fertilizers on Your Flowers

Soil loses nutrients with time, therefore, you need to replenish your soil with the right fertilizer if it runs short of nutrients. If your roses do not get enough nutrients, they will grow stunted and you will not get a good bloom from them.

The best fertilizers for these plants are the water-soluble or liquid ones. When using fertilizers, ensure you follow the manufacturer's directions. Fertilizers can scorch plants, so ensure you use the right amount at the right time.

With many water-soluble/liquid fertilizers out there, you may find it difficult to choose the best one for your flowers. But consider yourself lucky you found this article because the fertilizer that your plants need is no other than Dr. Earth Bud and Bloom Booster! I had tried a number of flower fertilizers without success before finding this bloom booster.

So why is it the best fertilizer for these plants? Well, it is packed with a myriad of nutrients that continue to be released several months after application. It contains 7 strains of beneficial soil microbes and 8 strains of ecto & endo mycorrhizae (improves drought resistance).

In addition, it is 100% organic & natural, doesn't contain GMO's, safe for people & pet and comes in a sprayer can - so it is ready to spray and you don't have to look for a sprayer. You can also get the powdery one, mix it with water as recommend and apply with this sprayer. It is available in a number of sizes, so you can always find a size that suits the number of your flowers.

3. Remove Weeds as Soon as They Appear

Weeds compete for resources with useful plants. So, in order to get the best from your roses or chrysanthemum, it is recommended to remove any weed from your garden or pots. It is also a good idea to weed after every one week since most weeds take 3 to 4 days to germinate.

Weeding prevents pests and diseases as some weeds harbor these harmful organisms, especially the ones that belong to the same families with flowers. Weeding is also a great way to let your blossoms show their aesthetic beauty. Some weeds block the bloom from being visible, and therefore when cleared, the flowers become more visible.

4. Mulch Your Flower Plants, If There Is Any Need

In case you didn’t know, mulching involves covering soil with natural or synthetic materials for a number of reasons. It preserves soil water, and therefore encouraged when water is not enough.

Mulching also controls weeds, and in addition, it regulates soil temperature. If you decide to use mulches, choose the ones that do not interfere with the beauty of your sunflowers.

synthetic mulch
synthetic mulch | Source

5. Let Them Get Enough Sunlight - Great Way to Take Care of the Indoor Ones.

Sunlight is the source of energy in plants, which means that there is no way you can limit it to your flowers. You need to remove anything that can block sun rays from reaching your garden. You can also locate your garden or pots away from buildings or large trees to ensure there is no sunlight blockage.

Some flowers need more sunlight than others, so get to know the sunlight requirements of your plants. Indoor plants like chrysanthemum require less light, so you don't have to struggle a lot to provide them with light.

6. Prevent and Control Pests

Pests can really reduce the quality of your beautiful plants. Some common pests include: bugs, mites, aphids, whitefly and gnats. You can prevent some of these pests by keeping your garden free from weeds. You can also install pest barriers to keep some other pests away.

If your plants are attacked by pests, use appropriate pesticides to kill the harmful organisms. You can also control the spread of pests by eradicating the highly affected plants.

When looking for a good pesticide, you should be very careful because most of the pesticides in the market are fake. I usually use the Bayer Advanced Dual Action Pest Killer which can eradicate a large number of harmful insects in your garden. Pests were a major problem in my flower garden until I discovered this pesticide. I would recommend that you get it if you have the pest menace in your garden!

Even when the plants are heavily affected, this pesticide effectively kills the harmful organisms, reviving your flowers and keeping your garden free from pests. It is rainproof and can be used to protect indoor plants. It controls aphids, leaf miners, Japanese beetles, white flies, rose midge and others. It comes in a sprayer can and it is ready to use.

7. Prevent and Control Diseases

Diseases have devastating effects on gardens. Most diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses. Some common diseases include: anthracnose, bacterial leaf spot, ovulinia petal blight and white rust.

You can prevent fungal diseases by avoiding excessive use of water in your garden. On the other hand, you can prevent bacterial and viral diseases by using clean weeding, pruning and harvesting tools.

If your plants are infected, use appropriate chemicals to kill the disease causing microorganisms. There are some very effective fungicides and bactericides that can treat your blossoms.

8. Keep your Flowers Safe from Animals

Animals can interfere with your florets if the garden is not well protected. Some animals can feed on them while others can destroy them with their bodies. Your pets can also pose a great threat to your bloom.

The best way to keep them safe from animals is to provide a barrier. The barrier should not prevent your chrysanthemum or sunflowers from being visible. A wire fence is recommended.

9. Practice Pinching and Pruning on Your Flower Plants

In plants, pinching involves removing tips of stems to promote lateral growth and good overall shape. It is recommended to pinch back the taller stems to allow them grow at the same pace with the shorter stems. Your florets will always look attractive if you carefully practice pinching on them.

On the other hand, pruning involves cutting back the overgrown branches to control the growth of plants. This practice promotes growth of new buds. Your plants will develop attractive shapes if you keep pruning them.

10. Do Thinning and Culling on Them

Thinning involves removing some plants to prevent overcrowding. You can do thinning if you think your garden lacks enough resources to cater for all your flowers. The plants that remain after thinning grow healthily and bear a pretty bloom.

On the other hand, culling involves removing inferior plants from your garden. Inferior plants here refer to the diseased or weak ones. You should cull the unhealthy roses to give the healthy ones some room to grow and produce good yield.

11. Carry out Staking, If Necessary

Staking is done to guide stems grow in the right direction, i.e. upwards. It is mainly done on plants with weak stems, and can be started as early as when the plants are in the seedling stage.

Use bamboo sticks or any other light wood to stake your sunflowers. Fix the sticks on the ground and tie the stems on them using threads, a garden tape or strips of a cloth.

staking | Source

12. Do Deadheading- Great New Way to Take Care of Flower Plants

Deadheading is the process of removing the old, faded or dry florets. The practice allows the plants to produce more blossoms and have a prolonged bloom period. It also keeps the bloom looking tidy.

Use your fingers or a pruner to cut off the unwanted parts. If your plants have many flowerets to deadhead, use a shearing tool to remove them at once.

13. Always Use Clean Weeding, Pruning and Harvesting Tools

Farm tools can introduce pathogens to gardens. So when weeding, pruning or harvesting, use clean tools to prevent the transfer of diseases to your plants. Disinfect your tools if possible.

Dirt tools can reduce the value of your florescence, so use only clean tools when harvesting your roses. Ensure also your tools are sharp in order to cut the bloom in the right way.

14. Replace Soil After a Certain Period of Time

Your garden or potting soil can lose important qualities with time. If your soil doesn’t support a good flower growth, it is recommended to replace it.

Get a new soil from your local garden center. You can also use soils from other places in your home or farm, but ensure to fumigate them to kill pests and diseases.

In Conclusion...

This is how to take care of your rose, sunflower, chrysanthemum or any other flower. If you implement these practices in your garden, you will definitely enjoy a healthy and pretty flush. So keep your home looking beautiful with a well-taken-care-of bloom, or make big profits if you grow florets for sale.


  • Henry D. "How to Grow Flowers the Organic Way.". Flower Gardening. Garden Organic. Henry Doubleday Research Association. (2010).
  • Scott E. "Getting Started in the Production of Field-Grown, Specialty Cut Flowers.". (PDF). Virginia Tech. (2006).
  • Huyser-Honig J. "Quick Cut Flowers.". National Gardening Association. (2008).
  • Jeannette K., Brown D. "Indoor Plants: Care and Management.". eXtension. (2008).
  • Sandborn D. "Plan Now For a Beautiful Flower Cutting Garden.". Flower Gardening. Michigan State University. (2017).

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© 2015 Januaris Saint Fores


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    • WiccanSage profile image

      Mackenzie Sage Wright 23 months ago

      Good, sound advice for anyone growing flowers.

    • Jan Saints profile image

      Januaris Saint Fores 23 months ago from the Midwest

      Thanks Wiccansage,

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 22 months ago from India

      Mulching works for vegetables as well right?

      Useful information

      Thanks for sharing

    • Jan Saints profile image

      Januaris Saint Fores 22 months ago from the Midwest

      Yes, and any other young plant. Thanks Thumbi7 for the comment.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 22 months ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      Great Hub! You covered it all. I have been better at flowers and herbs this year than veggies. I shall remember this great guide.

    • Jan Saints profile image

      Januaris Saint Fores 22 months ago from the Midwest

      Thanks Rebeccamealey for your comment.

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