Does Hot Steam Kill Bed Bugs?
The Might of Wet Steam
Thermal Death Point of Bed Bugs
Steam cleaners between 1,000 and 1,500 watts can kill bed bugs. With the most optimal being the later. All organisms have a thermal death point or TDP. This value describes the temperature at which death occurs after ten minutes of exposure. You do not want to use a steam cleaner on the same surface for ten minutes. Heat is optimum for killing bed bugs, but the temperature of the steam must be high enough to kill them instantly.
It is never recommended to use a steam cleaner on the same surface for ten minutes. Heat is optimum for killing bed bugs, but the temperature of the steam must be high enough to kill them instantly.
Bed bugs have a TDP of 118-122° F. This leads to the spread of misinformation. A temperature of 122° F is often recommended, yet an instant kill requires a higher temperature. Bed bug eggs, take an even higher temperature to destroy.
Steam that is 140° F or higher kills bedbugs and eggs instantly. Steam is my favorite way to kill bed bugs. When combining steam with caulking and spraying, bugs don't stand a chance.
Using a steamer is easy. The hardest part is spending the money on a steamer; good ones do not come cheap ( be prepared to spend at least $200).
Steaming is an important part of an integrated pest management plan for bed bug removal. It is safe to use, as long as you take caution not to point to nozzle towards people and pets.
Hot steam bedbugs, germs, mold and a fantastic cleaning device. I highly recommend using steamers for the purpose of extermination. I fell in love with hot steam when working with a community outreach program. I even bought a unit for myself for cleaning purposes.
You can decide if you will fall in love, just like me, by examining the following pros and cons. This article will cover the cons first to help readers fully understand the safety issue. Then we can discuss the pros.
How to Kill Bed Bugs With Hot Steam
- Purchase a steamer with temperatures that steam at 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Make sure to read as many reviews as possible. For bed bug removal, expect to spend about $150. If you plan to use it for both bed bug remove and continued cleaning, expect to spend between $200 - $350.
- Read the unit's directions carefully to maintain safely. Neglecting to do so may lead to injury, damage to the steam cleaner, or to surfaces.
- Identify the attachment used for linens. Place it on the nozzle of the steamer.
- Clean the following pieces of furniture: dressers, bed, nightstand and coaches.
- Next, steam the perimeter of the room. Conscientiously attend to gaps around the trim. Spray cracks, crevices, dressers, curtains and any other place you suspect bed bugs.
- Give the unit time to rest between tanks. It needs time to cool down; otherwise, it might overheat or become a fire hazard.
- Next spray the floor (if you have hardwood see steamers instructions). If your steamer has a carpet attachment, this is when you use it.
- Allow all surfaces to dry before you apply anytime of pesticide, insecticide or other poison.
- Repeat as needed.
The Cons - Understand the Safety Issues
Hot steam has the capacity to do harm. There is potential for serious injury from the high temperature the cleaners produces.
It might seem extraneous to list safety as a con. The sad truth is that there are lots of people who don't read or follow directions.
The problem with steaming for bed bugs is that most people do not know they are misusing steamers until it is too late.
- Never, ever use hot steam on an area that has already been sprayed with pesticide. Only spray it BEFORE the pesticide is sprayed.
- If you steam where chemicals have been placed, you are risking the spread of the chemicals.
- The hot steam causes chemicals to evaporate and be vaporized into the air.
- This can cause eye irritation, skin burns and breathing problems.
- You have to be certain that no spray has been used for at least a month in an area that you want to steam.
- Steam first; bug spray later.
You might be thinking, "Professionals use steamers after they spray, so why can't I?".
Professionals are licensed and trained on the proper use of all extermination equipment. Some professional exterminators will spray cracks and crevices, to drive out bed bugs. They are the ones that understand the problem.
Then they will steam the bugs because they want to get them on the run. Again, they know to keep the steam far away from the chemicals. I can not stress this enough!
There are more steamer don'ts that must be addressed before moving forward.
I am a mother, so I need to drill the safety issues into your head before I explain how a steamer fits in to your bed bug eradication plan.
The don'ts are being covered first because it is very important to prevent bed bug related accidents or injury.
- The next danger is pretty obvious. Steam cleaners release incredibly hot steam.
In fact, it is so hot it can cause burns even though clothes. I would know, I accidentally did this once.
- You should never let a child steam, and should teach them to stay clear of you when you steam.
- Do not steam near electrical outlets.
One last warning about steam cleaners. Do not steam glass when it is cold.It is true that bed bugs can hide in window sills. If you apply hot steam to cold glass you risk craking or breaking the glass.I have heard some people say, "I have steamed my windows in the winter, and nothing happened!" Good for them. Some people have gotten lucky, but others have experienced the cracks and breaks.
I have seen people tell other people to steam everywhere, and not to forget behind electrical face plates. Of course, recognizing how dangerous that can be, forum owners quickly take those posts down.
Yes, bed bugs live in electrical outlets; however, you never want to steam electrical outlets.
Not only is there a dangerous receiving an electrical shock, you may also accidentally melt the plastic covering. This could cause an electrical fire.Instead, remove the electrical cover and wipe the underside with enzyme cleaner.
This will kill bed bugs and eggs, and are bed bug deterrents. The first thought I had after using my new steamers was, "Holy cow, steam cleaners clean better than anything else I have tried!" I went on a cleaning frenzy.
I realized that you can not clean for hours and hours with a steamer. It needs to restt long enough to cool down between rooms. If you buy one just because you want to kill bed bugs, there is a chance you won't understand how to use one.
Why You Need Steamer
The safety issues have been addressed. Now comes the fun part. I get to tell you how great steam cleaners are, and how they are one of the best tools to fight bed bugs.
If you are using my Bug Checklist, there is a step that says, "Scrub your bed frame/furniture with a wire brush to loosen eggs."
Then you see a warning. While some people are perfectly happy to do it that way, risking damage, others might choose to use a steamer instead. If it is varnished furniture, the steam could damage it, too.
However, when applicable steam your bed frame, mattress, sheets, and curtains every day. The benefit of steam is that continual use doesn't arise chemical poisoning concerns.
Steam kills bed bugs like magic. If you find a nest of bed bugs, you can kill them all, and their eggs, with one blast. Steam even kills those tiny white baby bed bugs that are hard to see.
Some people like to steam their beds, and surrounding area, each night before bed.
Then they steam all other areas to prevent bed bug spreading around the house. One problem with this is that steam does not penetrate couches. You can steam the surface Then place diatomaceous earth (and/or traps) under the couch, in the couch and under the cushions.
Steam works well as part of a bigger plan and is a worthwhile investment. Now it is time to talk a little about steamers themselves. I have wasted money on junk steamers to learn a few important lessons.
Read many steamer reviews before you choose a product.
The Steam Cleaner I Own and Use Regularly
Do you own any of the steamers above? If yes, then please vote below!
Which steamer is the best all around bed bug steamer?
Best Bed Bug Killing Hot Steamers
The best steamers are premium steamers with a wide variety of attachments.
These steam cleaners are best for whole house cleaning and bed bug killing.
- McCulloch MC-1275 Heavy-Duty Steam Cleaner
- Wagner 915 1,500-Watt On-Demand Power Steamer Cleaner
- SteamFast SF-275 SteamMax Steam Cleaner
- Reliable Corporation E3 EnviroMate Steam Cleaning system
- EnviroMate GO Steam Cleaning System
- MucCulloch MC1385 Delux Canister Steam System (Best Seller)
Remember, NEVER steam a surface that has been treated with chemicals!
There are many steamer brands If you think you might be tempted to use it to do household cleaning, then you need to buy a premium brand. My current steamer is the McClloch Deluxe steam cleaning system. This thing is powerful, safe and comes with attachments for everything.
This thing has already outlasted my HAAN, and keeps on going. It cost me about $200 on Amazon and has saved me more than that because I don't have to spend tons on cleaning products.
McCulloch hot steam units are manufactured by McCulloch Motors Corporation. They produce a plethora of other products, such as chainsaws and tractors. They know how to make heavy duty products.
If you only intend to use the steamer to eradicate bed bugs, routinely spray to prevent infestation, and for occasional steaming (once a week) then you can buy a less expensive steamer. Even cheaper McCulloch steamers pack a punch.
Do not spend less that $70 on a steamer that you plan to use to get rid of bed bugs.
While you do not need the most expensive steamer, with all the bells and whistles, then you do need one with the right attachments.
REMEMBER steam can cause serious burns.
© 2012 Melody Trent