How to build an above ground Pool Deck Handrails , Fence and Gate Part 3 of 3
Handrails, Fence and Gate
Now that we have the deck built, we need to work on the handrails gate and privacy fence along the road side of the deck.Most insurance company's and local governments don't allow a pool without a fence and gates limiting access.
Power Saw, Reciprocating Saw, Hammer, ,Electric Drill, Socket to fit Lag Bolts (must fit into electric drill chuck) Level (Longer the better) Assorted drill bits. Lag bolts 2 per post ,Washers for lag bots 3" screws (Exterior Grade),
There are many styles of railing available. My customer decided to go with an attractive and easy to assemble hand rail that can be assembled on the job or bought in sections from your local home improvement supplier. There are many styles available that are easier and less expensive to buy assembled. Then building them your self. Although that is always an option for do it yourself.
The first thing is to pick out your post style, The customer decided on one that had a finished top on it. See Photo A
1. Start on a corner using a Reciprocating Saw. See Photo B. Notch out the bottom of the post at the bottom half way through and at least 6" long. See Photo D Also mark the top of the deck where the post is going to go and cut the over hanging material so the post fits tight against the floor joist. See photo E
2. Using a level to get the post plumb. See photo E Using shims if needed to keep it plumb .Counter sink and install 2 Lag Bolts EXTERIOR GRADE at least 3 inches long with washers. I use a regular drill with a socket attached to drive Lag bolts. See photo C and F
3. Next measure the railing and determine where the next post goes. Position the post depending weather it is a corner or a middle post. If it is a Middle post then measure to the center of the post and install accordingly. If it is an end post then install it so it hits the end of the post. In this job I had a set of steps and needed the post to be part of the handrail for the steps see Photo G and H. Continue installing till it is complete.
4. Lay a 2 x 4 piece of scrap on the deck. This is for spacing because you do not want to leave the handrail sit on top of the deck. It will hold the rain and snow in. This will leave room to drain. Start installing the railing using 3" Stainless Screw or exterior grade screws. Making sure it is level. See Photo G
5. Next there is a privacy fence installed on the road side of the pool. It was bought at the local home improvement store it came in sections that are 6' high by 8' long. You have to install a post every 4'.
6.Fist chalk a line so you can keep it straight. See Photo I. I used Galvanized metal plates made for posts. see Photo J. They are spaced 4' apart making sure where they join that the post is in the middle.
7. Then I measured the height of the fence and cut the posts 5" shorter then the top of the fence. Then installed the posts using 2" exterior grade Screw and again Plumbed the posts so they were straight See Photo K
8. Again set a piece of scrap 2 x 4 on the deck to ensure spacing at the bottom. We then fastened the fence to the posts using 2" stainless steel screws. Making sure that you screwed them thru the 2 x 4 in the back See Photo L.
9. Continue to install the sections checking to make sure the fence stays plumb. When you get to the last section of fence simply cut it to fit. Then screw it in place.
10. Next go around to the back of the fence and lay a 2 x 4 on the top of each post joining the posts together to add strength. See Photo M Making sure that the 2 x 4 join in the middle of a post.
Photo N Show Hinges and bolt lock needed for gate.
11. Next measure the width of the gate. and cut a piece of fencing that is 1/2" smaller the the opening.
12. Cut 2 pieces of 2 x 4 and add to the side to add strength and to have a place to put your hinges and bolt.See Photo O
13. Pre drill and install 1 screw at each edge of 2 x 4 to add strength. Pre drill so it goes in the right direction and is toe nailed in at an angle catching both pieces of wood See photo P
14. Trail fit the gate into the hole before going any further. At this time it must have enough clearance to fit in to the hole and swing out and close. If it does not fit then trim sides as needed.
15.Attach the hinges on the hinged side of the gate this will make it easier to install. In this case I used 2 hinges but if the gate is bigger you might want to use 3 hinges the 3rd can always be installed later. See Photo Q
16 Put a piece of scrap on deck to get right distance off of deck for gate. Then instal in hole and making sure that the top is even and it is sitting in the hole correctly, then put 1 screw in each hinge adding a third in 1 other spot. Remove the piece under gate and trial swing the gate to make sure it works right. Now you can adjust anything you want. When it fits correctly then add other screws. See Photo R
17. Next add latch and handrail as seen in photo S. The handrail is the stop for the gate. and the latch is a lockable one so the gate can be secured when no one is there and to keep small children out.