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How to Lay Vinyl Flooring

Updated on September 18, 2017
Ashish Dadgaa profile image

Ashish Dadgaa is a Construction Manager with 10 years of experience in the Industry. He writes about Home Improvement and maintenance.

I am going to show you how to lay a sheet vinyl floor with the right approach sheet vinyl flooring is quite easy to lay and for the most rooms, you will only need one piece of sheet vinyl for the whole floor.

COMPLEXITY
TIME
COST
Simple
3 Hours
Under $50

Tools and Materials

Tools

  • Safety goggles
  • Protective gloves
  • Knee Pads
  • Dust mask
  • Tape measure
  • Utility knife
  • Vinyl cutter
  • Hammer
  • Nail Punch
  • Sealant gun
  • Spare blades
  • Broom

Materials

  • Sheet Vinyl
  • 1-meter square polythene
  • Suitable cleaning agent
  • Vinyl flooring adhesive
  • Adhesive tape
  • Double-sided vinyl flooring tape
  • Silicon sealant
  • T-bar or threshold bar

Vinyl flooring offers following color, effect and thickness options.

Colour
Effect
Thickness
Beige
Tile Effect
1.1mm
Black & White
Stone Tile Effect
1.5mm
Blue & White
Brushed
2mm
Brown
Oak Effect
2.3mm
Cream
Travertine Effect
2.8mm
Dark Grey
Stone Effect
3mm
Light Grey
Mosaic Effect
4.5mm
Green & White
 
 
Walnut
 
 
White
 
 
White Wood
 
 

Safety Precautions Before You Begin

You will need to wear kneepads because you will be spending quite a bit of time on your knees. You will need to use the utility knife, therefore ensure that it has a sharp blade. When it is not in use keep the blade covered or retracted. When you are making cuts make sure that you do it in such a way that you do not injure yourself.

Step 1

Surface Preparation

First, give your floor a thorough sweep or vacuum if your existing floor has been treated with a wood preservative It is unlikely to be suitable for covering with sheet vinyl.

Sweep your floor or vacuum it.
Sweep your floor or vacuum it.

Make sure the surface is free from any protruding objects such as nails or screw heads or dust and debris. This is particularly important because even the smallest pieces of debris or protrusion will show through.

Check the surface is free from any protruding objects such as nails or screw heads.
Check the surface is free from any protruding objects such as nails or screw heads.

You can use a hammer and a nail punch to punch any nail head below the surface of the floor.

Use a hammer and a nail punch to punch nail head.
Use a hammer and a nail punch to punch nail head.

Any oil, grease, bituminous compounds or solvent based material should be removed using a suitable cleaning or removal agent.

Step 2

Damp Free Concrete Floor

Piece of polythene approximately one square meter in size.
Piece of polythene approximately one square meter in size.

Concrete floor must be free from damp. There is a simple method to test for this dampness of the concrete floor. At first place a piece of polythene approximately one square meter in size onto the floor and seal around the edge using a decent tape. After that leave it overnight any trace of moisture underneath the polythene indicates dampness and which must be rectified before the floor is tiled.

Step 3

Measure Up

Measure and record the length and the width of the room.
Measure and record the length and the width of the room.

You will need to measure the room. First measure and record the length and the width of the room, make sure you are accurate about this and include any alcoves. After that measure right up to the center of any doorways as well.

Add 75 millimeters to each edge to allow for final trimming and cutting.
Add 75 millimeters to each edge to allow for final trimming and cutting.

Add 75 millimeters to each edge to allow for final trimming and cutting. At last, you will have the measurements that you need to be able to buy the sheet vinyl.

How To Lay Vinyl Flooring

Step 1

Before laying your vinyl unroll it in the room you are going to fit in and leave for 24 hours to acclimatize. If you have underfloor heating also turn that off 24 hours before you lay your vinyl.

Unroll vinyl sheet in the room you are going to fit in and leave for 24 hours to acclimatize.
Unroll vinyl sheet in the room you are going to fit in and leave for 24 hours to acclimatize.

Step 2

Next day ruff lay the vinyl and adjust it so that it fits as closely as possible allowing for the 75-millimetre excess with obstacles like a toilet or sink pedestal you will need to cut around them.

Ruff lay the vinyl and adjust it so that it fits as closely as possible.
Ruff lay the vinyl and adjust it so that it fits as closely as possible.

Step 3

Cut a series of slits in the vinyl around the pedestal with a utility knife. The first cut should be where the vinyl meets the pedestal. This is followed by cuts at regular intervals better angle towards the first cut, you need to do this on both sides of the pedestal.

Cut a series of slits in the vinyl around the pedestal with a utility knife.
Cut a series of slits in the vinyl around the pedestal with a utility knife.

Step 4

Press the vinyl down and fold the flaps up around the pedestal. The flaps at the back of the pedestal should neatly meet. Trim the excess with the knife to make a perfect fit.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Press the vinyl down and fold the flaps up around the pedestal. Trim the excess with the knife to make a perfect fit.
Press the vinyl down and fold the flaps up around the pedestal.
Press the vinyl down and fold the flaps up around the pedestal.
Trim the excess with the knife to make a perfect fit.
Trim the excess with the knife to make a perfect fit.

Step 5

Continue to work around the room using the same method with each obstacle you come to. Once you have cut around your obstacles you then need to work around the room trimming the edges. Where you have a long straight cut to make use a vinyl cutter which will give you a nice clean finished edge. Avoid making the joint in any wet areas like a bathroom as water might get underneath it and damage the vinyl.

All sheet vinyl flooring needs to be stuck to the floor. Sometimes a sheet vinyl needs to be fully bonded to the floor using an appropriate vinyl floor an adhesive that is either sprayed onto the floor or spread across it using a notched adhesive trowel.

There are types of sheet vinyl which only need to be bonded at the perimeter and at any join using double-sided vinyl floor tape. Typically cushion type sheet vinyl only needs to be bonded at the perimeter and non-cushion sheet vinyl needs to b

Step 6

Now fix the double-sided tape to the floor ready for final laying. If your floor surface is smooth completely dust free and non-porous you can stick the double-sided tape straight onto the floor.

Fix the double-sided tape to the floor ready for final laying.
Fix the double-sided tape to the floor ready for final laying.

Step 7

Most floors are not like this so I have used spray adhesive under the tape as well to get an addition to the floor. First, read the instructions and safety information on the can then spray the adhesive along the edge of the floor. While spraying ensure that you do not spray it onto the walls.

While spraying ensure that you do not spray it onto the walls.
While spraying ensure that you do not spray it onto the walls.

Step 8

Then stick the tape to the floor around the edges of the room without removing the backing paper.

Stick the tape to the floor around the edges of the room without removing the backing paper.
Stick the tape to the floor around the edges of the room without removing the backing paper.

Step 9

Use a small block of wood and run along the top of the tape to make sure it is firmly fixed.

Use a small block of wood and run along the top of the tape.
Use a small block of wood and run along the top of the tape.

Step 10

Repeat for the other edges and put some tape around the base and pedestal and any other obstructions.

Put some tape around the base and pedestal.
Put some tape around the base and pedestal.

Step 11

Now get ready to lay the sheet vinyl into position and fix it in place. Lift each edge, remove the backing paper from the top of the double-sided tape and then push the sheet vinyl firmly onto the tape.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Remove the backing paper from the top of the double-sided tape.Push the sheet vinyl firmly onto the tape.
Remove the backing paper from the top of the double-sided tape.
Remove the backing paper from the top of the double-sided tape.
Push the sheet vinyl firmly onto the tape.
Push the sheet vinyl firmly onto the tape.

Now the bulk of the job done, you just need to think about the final finishing touches. If you are laying the sheet vinyl in a bathroom or similar wet area you could seal the joint between the sheet vinyl and the wall with a sanitary grade silicon sealant.

Step 12

Make sure that the sealant tube nozzle is cut at a slight angle and is cut to have the right size hole the bigger the gap the bigger the hole needs to be.

Cut the sealant tube nozzle at a slight angle.
Cut the sealant tube nozzle at a slight angle.

Step 13

Make sure that you start at one end and move along in one continuous movement maintaining a steady pressure and speed to smooth the sealant. You can use a sealant shaper or a wet soapy finger but always remember to wear gloves.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Start at one end and move along in one continuous movement maintaining a steady pressure.Wet soapy finger but always remember to wear gloves.
Start at one end and move along in one continuous movement maintaining a steady pressure.
Start at one end and move along in one continuous movement maintaining a steady pressure.
Wet soapy finger but always remember to wear gloves.
Wet soapy finger but always remember to wear gloves.

Step 14

Another option is to fit a trim between the edge of the floor and the wall. You can easily finish off your new floor by fitting a T-bar or threshold bar in the doorway to make a neat joint between the new floor and the floor in the next room.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Finish off your new floor by fitting a T-bar.Fix threshold bar in the doorway to make a neat joint.
Finish off your new floor by fitting a T-bar.
Finish off your new floor by fitting a T-bar.
Fix threshold bar in the doorway to make a neat joint.
Fix threshold bar in the doorway to make a neat joint.

Health & Safety Tips

  • Keep the work area tidy while you work.
  • Make sure that the work area is ventilated when using solvent based adhesive or use solvent-free adhesive.
  • Wear knee pads when working on your knees.
  • Wear goggles to protect eyes when drilling/hammering in masonry nails.
  • Keep tools in a safe place when they are not in use.
  • Keep children away while drilling or hammering and never let them handle or use power tools.

© 2017 Ashi

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