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Importance of pollination: Role of Insects and bees

Updated on July 24, 2014

Natural pollination

Nature is wonderful. It has arranged for mechanisms that are beyond human comprehension. Pollination is one such process whereby plants are helped by insects, butterflies, birds and bees to reproduce and grow fruits. One can see evolution shaping and coloring flowers and plants to be more attractive to birds and bees. Insects and bees seek honey and carry the pollen grains from one plant to another. Without this, there would be no pollination, no fruiting and no vegetables growing in our kitchen garden.

Bright colors attract bees and insects

Gardener's helpers at work
Gardener's helpers at work | Source

Enhancing pollination

While pollination occurs in a natural way, one can enhance the process. These simple steps will ensure increased yield. Timely pollination helps fruiting process to complete within the season. Some steps you can take are given below.

a) Grow bright colored flowers

b) Clump flowering plants

c) Grow your plants in shady and undisturbed spots

d) Choose your plants well

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Role of bright colored flowers

Bees are attracted to bright color especially the color purple. When you plant more flowers bees spend more time in your garden. This increases the rate of pollination and hence you get more fruit. Some bright colored flowering plants you can use in your garden are given here.

i) alliums

ii) catmint

iii) lavender

iv) bluebells

v) rosemary

vi) daffodil

vii) comfrey

viii) foxgloves

Pollination in progress

Vegetable plants as well as flowering plants attract bees
Vegetable plants as well as flowering plants attract bees | Source

Plants that use help of insects and bees

(click column header to sort results)
Vegetable plants  
Flowering plants  
Herbs  
Carrots
Rose
Parsley
Tomatoes
Red hot poker
Sage
Onions
Zinnia
Rosemary
If you choose your plants well your garden will look great

Gardening tools

Use correct tools for gardening
Use correct tools for gardening | Source

Beautiful Garden

  1. Keep plants away from garden path
  2. Use many attractive flowering plants
  3. Shelter your plants from winds

Clumping plants together

When plants are bunched together, they attract more bees and insects. The insects and bees do not have to fly far to get to the next plant. Moreover, you can plant flowers alongside vegetables so that bees visit them more often. Most gardeners love this arrangement since it also results in saving space and effort.

Keep your garden tidy

A beautiful garden is a blessing
A beautiful garden is a blessing | Source

Bees in pollination

Keep your plants secluded

If plants are present in windy zones, there is less chance for a visit by bees. Bees prefer shady nooks and sheltered spots where there is no disturbances. Bees and insects will also nest in these spots if there are hollow stems or adequate leaf cover in tall branches. Maintain garden soil in pristine condition using fertilizers. Use many plants that bear flowers of different colors.

Choice of plants

Actually most garden plants are conducive to pollination by bees. You can add some that bees and insects particularly like. You can also plant herbs that insects and bees like.

a) Plum

b) Tomato

c) Carrot

d) Apple

e) String beans

You can plant flowers alongside to help attract more insects and bees. Some of them are given below.

i) Fennel

ii) Red hot poker

iii) Sunflower

iv) Lion’s tail

v) Butterfly bush

Keep your garden beautiful

Insects and bees are gardener’s best friend. They do what the gardener cannot do, make fruits by pollination. For this reason, many gardens will also have a bird bath or bird house so that birds will also help in the pollination process. Follow this simple step and achieve wizardry in the art of gardening.

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  • snerfu profile image
    Author

    Vivian Sudhir 3 years ago from Madurai, India

    Good for you and good lock with your garden sir.

  • billybuc profile image

    Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

    Wonderful information here. We plan on raising bees next year, and this definitely helps us in our planning. Thank you!

  • snerfu profile image
    Author

    Vivian Sudhir 3 years ago from Madurai, India

    Hello teaches 12345, This idea of pointing bees towards garden clumps (growing two or more flowering plants together) helps pollination. There is zinnia among vegetables like cucumbers that creates quite a stir with the bees. Of course the choice is up to you entirely. Nice to have you around.

  • teaches12345 profile image

    Dianna Mendez 3 years ago

    I did not realize any veggies profited from the work of bees but I guess that is quite normal. Thanks for the education.