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How to Find Lead- and Cadmium-Free Dishes

Updated on April 11, 2016
Silva Hayes profile image

Silva has a background as a technical writer and in addition to how-to articles she writes about cooking, travel, and personal experiences.

Children deserve lead and cadmium-free food
Children deserve lead and cadmium-free food | Source

Health Effects of Lead and Cadmium

I started reading about the dangers of lead and cadmium content in our dinnerware from my perspective as a mosaic artist. I noticed the residue in the water reservoir of my ring saw after I used it to cut dinner plates.

I nip and saw beautiful, colorful old dinnerware from all over the world. I handle it and breathe it and I was curious: how dangerous are these elements?

After some research, I quickly became interested as a grandma and as a human who loves children.

Side Effects

  • Lead accumulates in your bones where it displaces calcium.
  • Cadmium exposure can cause kidney disease, lung damage, cancer, and fragile bones.

Absorption

  • According to the FDA, adults absorb 11% of the lead that reaches their digestive tract, and children absorb between 30 to 75%.
  • When lead is inhaled, up to 50% is absorbed.
  • The half-life for lead is about 20 years. In other words, of the amount you have in your body now, half of it will still be in your body 20 years from now.

Exposure to Children

We know that children are in danger from the lead and cadmium contained in imported toys, jewelry, lunch bags, candy, and baby bibs.

The list goes on and on and it’s been all over the news. Even handbags have been in the news. Imported handbags are full of lead, and moms sometimes carry their baby’s bottle, pacifier, toys, bibs and washcloths in them.

From what I read on the Internet today, children are also in danger of absorbing these poisons in their own home while eating food lovingly prepared by their parents and protectors!

As parents we must do our best to reduce exposure whenever possible. It is our responsibility to make whatever changes are necessary, without naively relying on the government.

Getting Information on Contaminants in Dishware

I found this statement in an Internet article: "For more information on lead and cadmium in dinnerware and a list of companies that offer safe dinnerware, visit "Environmental Defenses Website."

But when I clicked on that link, this is what I got: “For information on lead in consumer products, please visit the Center for Environmental Health. EDF no longer maintains updated listings on lead in china dishes.” (I never did find that list.) Hmmmm.

How It Gets Into Your Body

Lead and cadmium from dinnerware can leach into your body by:

  • Eating acidic foods off it
  • Microwaving it
  • Washing it in a dishwasher (the heat and powerful water action can damage the glazed surface) (who wants to hear this information)!

Why Was Lead Ever Used in the First Place?

It’s been used for thousands of years to make dishes durable and to make bright and glasslike colored glazes. In the USA, government standards supposedly limit lead in dishes, yet imported dinnerware still poses a threat.

Mexican pottery remains a major source of exposure, and consumers are advised to avoid cooking or storing food in imported bean pots, decorative pieces and other ceramics from Latin America, Asia and other areas.

While most dinnerware sold in the USA conforms to legal lead limits, it is not easy for consumers to know about the lead content of specific items. How could we? It is impossible to track every item and its lead content.

High-Risk Dinnerware

Includes:

  • Terra cotta pottery from Latin America, especially more rustic items with a transparent glaze
  • Highly decorated Asian dishware
  • Dishware with food contact surfaces containing bright colored decorations
  • Glazed pieces with rough, raised or worn decorations, indicating that the decoration is on top of the glaze
  • Antique dishware or dishware made before 1970
  • Leaded crystal glassware should not be used by children or pregnant women, and food or liquids, including wine, should never be stored in lead crystal.

Getting Information on Your Dishware

Concerned consumers can ask retailers or email or phone manufacturers to see if they know the lead content of the products they sell. Some of them do not respond. Even if they do, how can we be sure they’re correctly informed?

The bottom line is that some manufacturers say that their products are lead-free because they meet Food and Drug Administration guidelines. They can legally get away with saying that. Other, more honest manufacturers say, no, their products are not lead-free.

The FDA vs the EPA

Unlike toys and most other consumer products, dishes are regulated by the FDA. The FDA doesn't care how much lead is in a plate. It wants to know how much lead leaches out, something an XRF cannot detect. For that, there is a special leach test that can only be done in a laboratory.

The FDA tests for leachable lead amounts, while the EPA tests for the lead content. If a dinnerware piece has been fired correctly at high temperatures there should not be noticeable lead leaching. If the dinnerware is not used to store acidic foods, there should be not a problem.

Home Lead Tests

Home lead test kits test for surface lead only. They may detect surface lead on dishware and a positive test indicates a hazard, but since the test may not detect lower but still significant lead levels, a negative result is no guarantee that the dishware is safe.

What Guidelines Can We Follow?

I read on several different sites that glass and stoneware, unless decorated, are generally lead-free.

Generally, I feel more comfortable eating from plates manufactured in Europe and the USA, and would avoid dinnerware from Asia, Mexico, and Central America.

Corelle, Anchor Hocking, and Pyrex, not decorated, may be fine. I learned that not all whites are safe. The transparent glaze may contain lead.

I said generally because I learned while surfing the web that Pfaltzgraff, which until recently was made in the USA and now is manufactured elsewhere, does contain lead and that their Villa Della Luna ware and Nautica J Class have been recalled.

Specific Manufacturers

Several manufacturers now offer dinnerware made without lead and promote "lead-free" while selling their dishes.

  • I read that the Homer Laughlin China Company’s new Fiesta line does not contain cadmium or lead, and as a bonus, it is designed and manufactured in the USA. According to their website, in the early eighties, Homer Laughlin began to produce lead-free china. Using lead-free glazes and a vitrified china body, Fiesta was reintroduced in new and updated colors.
  • Denby (England) claims "No lead or cadmium is used during the manufacturing process of any Denby product." However, a reader informed me that Denby's products are now manufactured in China, so I crossed Denby off my list.
  • Hartstone Pottery (USA) tells consumers "all body, glaze and paint raw materials are lead and cadmium free."
  • Sengware (USA) is 100% lead and cadmium free and has modern colors and designs. However, Sengware is now out of business since I originally published this article.
  • Terra Keramik (Switzerland) says theirs contain zero lead and cadmium. I read where Germany is the only country that can produce lead-free glass. Interestingly, Terra Keramik imports their clay and their platinum from Germany.
  • Emile Henry (manufactured in France) states that "there is no lead or cadmium in our products, all of the glazes meet California Prop 65, and all of the products are 100% food safe." ** see reader's comment below! Her Emile Henry tested high in lead!
  • Apilco and Pilluvuyt, (manufactured in France) are also supposed to be lead and cadmium-free. I read somewhere that Williams Sonoma tests all of their dinnerware, glassware and other items used for serving food to ensure that they meet FDA and California Proposition 65 requirements for lead and cadmium.
  • Emerson Pottery is based in the US and follows green practices.
  • This American commercial manufacturer, HF Coors, states that their dinnerware is lead- and cadmium-free.
  • Lead and cadmium free certified coffee mugs from Mug Revolution.

What Is California Prop 65?

Why is it referred to specifically?

I think it's because it's the toughest requirement out there (in the US, anyway) so it's "the" one to adhere to. Here's some info I found on the web:

Proposition 65 is a California voter initiative passed in 1986 requiring the Governor to publish a list of chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects and other reproductive harm. The list of "Prop 65 Chemicals" currently contains over 700 chemical entries and is updated quarterly.

Prop 65 requires that "No person in the course of doing business shall knowingly and intentionally expose any individual to a chemical known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity without first giving clear and reasonable warning to such individual."

Generally, I guess the safest thing to do is avoid all porcelain, ceramic and stoneware and use glass as much as possible, or trust one of these manufacturers listed above and go buy all new dinnerware.

If You're a Mosaic Artist, Be Careful

Oh, and back to the original quest, all of us mosaic artists who use broken china in our creations should take some precautions (gloves, masks) and be more aware of the dangers when working with lovely old vintage plates and colorful imports.

Comments

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    • ChadCrouch profile image

      Chad Crouch 2 months ago from South Africa

      Great article. Nice! Very informative!

    • Deborah Minter profile image

      Deborah Minter 3 months ago from U.S, California

      Good article!

    • profile image

      Peeps 8 months ago

      Why is that as soon as a product is made in China it automatically means it's dangerous? Last time I checked they have monitored factories and testing being done. There was even an article I read on products made in US and Japan that contains more lead than ones from China.

    • profile image

      anne 9 months ago

      Thanks for this, I have struggled finding details for ages.

      I will start looking at saucepans next, I don't have a dishwasher, I never liked the thought of it.

      I do think you need to look at Denby again the Stoneware is fine, its all made in the u.k.

      I just started buying Denby in the last Month .

      I personally would never buy anything they make in another country, you buy expensive Denby product's because they last and last, my Auntie has Denby from 1975 lots of it, and some from her Mum that is 1940's.

    • profile image

      DenbyDean 9 months ago

      Dear Silva, thanks for writing the excellent article. For the record, can I just point out that Denby Pottery Stoneware is manufactured in Derbyshire in the UK. Only our China and Porcelain ranges are made overseas in a couple of closely monitored factories, overseen by UK staff. All product is tested to the same standard whether made in the UK or overseas, and passes all FDA and Prop 65 metal release limits. Enjoy your Denby product!

    • profile image

      Gissela Welle 10 months ago

      Corelle white glass? Have you tested that one?

    • profile image

      Carla 14 months ago

      Hi,

      I just saw this yesterday as I found out my Mikasa dinner set is leaching. Six years ago Mikasa could not confirm if the patter summer essence had any lead or cadmium because the company had been sold and no records were kept.

      I contacted Arc intl they own Luminarc in regards to their glassware and glass storage containers in regards to lead, cadmium and alumina. Their products are manufactured in different countries including China.

      This was my enquiry and response from them:

      I just purchased a few of your products, the luminar lunar glassware range and the keep n box storage. I would like to know if these products have any lead, cadmium or alumina in them? The keep n jugs state cadmium and lead free but these other products don't mention it.

      From Arc:

      "our products are designed without lead or cadmium."

      I hope this helps as there is little info on the Luminarc range and they seem to have good environmental practices from what is disclosed on their website.

    • profile image

      Marla 15 months ago

      I emailed dollar tree about their royal norfolk brand and they go off on the prop 65 without really giving me a yes or no. Has anyone tested these plates and bowls? I need inexpensive dinnerware however I want it to be safe.

    • profile image

      silva 16 months ago

      Thank you for all the info you put together. Would you happen to know If Luminarc is safe? Its made in France mostly and very few things are sold here

    • profile image

      Elizabeth 16 months ago

      Is Lenox Butterfly Garden china lead-free or lead-safe?

    • newbizmau profile image

      Maurice Glaude 17 months ago from Mobile, AL

      I've become aware of this recently. Glad to have a little more information on it. Got to stay healthy!

    • profile image

      Annie 18 months ago

      Hello Jessica,

      Thank you for taking your time to post so much information that you have researched, and doing the footwork for me..

      Take Care,

      Annie.

    • profile image

      Fiona 18 months ago

      Hi, just thought I'd mention that it is only the Denby Intro ranges that are made in China, the rest are made in the UK - although I don't know about the glazes or content beyond that. If you look at www.denby.co.uk it clearly states on each item where it is made. Hope that's helpful. Blessings to all

    • profile image

      Charles Stair 18 months ago

      Does anyone know if the vintage Octime-black Arcoroc plates, bowels, and cups are safe? My wife collects them and we are now regularly eating off of them again.

    • profile image

      mary 19 months ago

      Thank you for all your work everyone. I've been researching based on many of the commenters' posts. I need a new set of dishware and wanted a Dansk pattern, Burbs Stardust Blue. I like many of their patterns. However, Dansk brand is a Lenox company as someone says in their comment. They have many nice patterns but I have to call them. I think they're made in China. I did email them but they didn't answer. If so, made in China, hmmm, judging by the research we've all done, I think not.

      I wanted to let people know that I emailed Crate and Barrel re their patterns "Cotton Clear" "Jars Touron Acqua" and "Wilder" patterns. I asked if they contain lead and/or cadmium. They answered right away saying: "All of the dinnerware patterns we carry at Crate and Barrel have passed FDA standards for allowable lead levels. They also comply with California Proposition 65, which has more stringent regulations regarding lead levels in dinnerware. Please be assured that our dinnerware goes through both performance and lead/cadmium testing and they pass the laboratory tests without any safety concerns."

      I don't like white dinnerware so Pilluvuyt is out. I don't like Fiesta either. Bennington Pottery also has lovely selections and no lead or cadmium in their clay or glaze. I called them. However, service for 8 runs into the $600-700's. However, they're hand made. It's deplorable that people have to go to these lengths to get answers.

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 19 months ago from the short journey

      A useful hub that has many useful comments. Thanks for highlighting the concerns.

    • profile image

      Annie 20 months ago

      Silva,

      Thank for all your help with our dinnerware etc.

      Has anyone thought about what our dishwashers are throwing off on our dinnerware, glasses, and silverware!

      That said, I just got a new stainless dishwasher, (KitchenAid) yesterday installed.

      I noticed on the bottom of the manual, it said this does not meet Prop 65, in California, and can cause cancer, and harm children.

      I was also looking at the Bosch, and Fisher Paykel, But KitchenAid says Made in America. Although I think there all the same!!

      I did call KitchenAid yesterday and they did Not know anything, but finally gave me the Gov website to Prop 65.

      That said, does anyone know of dishwasher that is safe?

      Thanks

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 20 months ago from Spicewood, Texas

      As near as I can determine, clear Anchor Hocking is safe as far as not containing heavy metals.

    • profile image

      20 months ago

      Is clear glass anchor hocking safe?

    • profile image

      Annie 21 months ago

      Silva,

      Thank you So much for taking your time and sharing the info & pictures of the older Pyrex etc..

      Very interesting..

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 21 months ago from Spicewood, Texas

    • profile image

      Annie 21 months ago

      Hi Silva,

      But does that mean ALL the brands I mentioned

      Are all lead & cadmium free, since there all made in the USA?

      Most of mine have the blue flower, or all white, or the orange fruit etc. but the older ones.

      Do you know what the old 1915 look like? If so what.

      Thanx..

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 21 months ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Since 1915.

    • profile image

      Annie 21 months ago

      Isn't Pyrex , Corning ware, and Corelle, all the same company?

      All made in the Usa?

      When did all of those start being manufactured ?

      Thank you..

    • profile image

      Elliot 21 months ago

      Starbucks mugs are made in China. I purchased a solid white one. Does it have lead ? Will it leach lead? I can't find anything.

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 22 months ago from Spicewood, Texas

      What happened in 1970 is that the FDA began testing dinnerware to ensure its safety. This means that any dishes from after that date are more likely to be in compliance with safety standards. The type of lead used in older dishes was more dangerous; now it's compounded and a bit less toxic.

    • profile image

      Bobbi 22 months ago

      You mentioned that vintage ware older than 1970 is an issue. I have loads of vintage Pyrex. One of my patterns is from either the late 60's or early 70's (I have to double check for sure) and the other is the last decorative pattern they made in the 80's. So, is the stuff made in the 80's safe? It is the mushroom print that I believe is called Forest Fantasies. Did a law take place in 1970 that made manufacturers remove the harmful contents of dishes?

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 23 months ago from Spicewood, Texas

      In Flint, Michigan, there is so much lead in children's blood that a state of emergency is declared. December 2015. Google it.

    • profile image

      Jessica 23 months ago

      Hello Everyone,

      I just wanted to start off by saying I've been researching natural health, supplements, non toxic cleaning products, non toxic home renovation materials, cookware/dinnerware, cutlery, food, electronic devices, dirty electricity/EMF pollution, natural clothing, personal hygiene and cosmetic products, detoxification, the dangers surrounding heavy metals not only in cookware but also in your everyday amalgam fillings and dental devices, fluoridated water, the danger of blue light exposure, lack of natural sunlight and I'm sure if I had another decade to go through it all I probably could. Lol! Anyhow, I found this page a few years ago but for some reason or another never decided to write a comment but thought now would be a good time because so many of you seem so committed to your search for the perfect products. Well, I just want to start off by saying that I am still guilty of using some crappy products in and around my kitchen but that is only because I have slowly been turning my house into a safe haven for the past decade. My husband and I developed some major health issues at around that time which is what sparked us to change our lives 100%. We have changed and researched all the subjects that I have listed up above extensively and we have spent 100's of thousands of dollars to do so. I think all of it was completely necessary just as much as all of your concerns are about healthy cookware/dinnerware. However, because I don't have all the space in the world to write this comment, I'll just touch base on what we have learned about cookware/dinnerware. Many heavy metals are extremely toxic to the human body and can displace human minerals in the body if you are lacking in any one mineral, so #1 make sure you're taking a really great mineral supplement, #2 you'll want to consider taking a herbal supplement or food that is known to bind to heavy metals because lets face it, they're everywhere (in the air, in our food, in our water and of course in our cookware), #3 eliminating the lead and cadmium in your dishes is definitely extremely important but you will also have to consider what pot and pans you are using and of course what cutlery you are using? Pot's and pans that contain Teflon are extremely toxic with fluoride binders and aluminum which destroys brain cells and because you are using these everyday (any non-stick pans) on high heat I would more concerned about switching those out first and foremost. Unfortunately stainless steel anything isn't that much better as most of these products are made from poor quality stainless steel and almost all of them contain nickle which for some is a high allergen and a known carcinogen, however definitely a better option then any non stick pots or pans. Your best option would be to go with clear glass or better yet toxic free ceramic cookware and you can find those here: http://cookware.mercola.com/ceramic-cookware.aspx He also sells ceramic knifes which I will be purchasing shortly. I've been using his pots and pans for years and although they do take some getting used to, I just feel better about using them knowing they are completely safe. I am now in search of some nickle free cutlery and I know I've seen those online somewhere as well and if I find them again, I'll let you know. As for dinnerware sets, I have seen numerous pages list HF Coors and Fiestaware as two very good options for Lead-free and cadmium-free glazes but make sure to check the label because I noticed some colours don't list cadmium free! I think another really good option would be to look for completely clear glass dinnerware made either in Europe, New Zealand, USA or Canada. I know most of them are not very luxurious looking but most of the toxins found in china/ceramic is in fact in the glazes/colourants that are used, so going with some glass (not crystal!) might be a safe bet as well. #4 You may want to consider going to see a natural health care practitioner to check your current heavy metals toxicity load because so many of us have been exposed to this stuff for years! I was riddled with them, despite always being so careful to watch what I put into my body, on my body or use in around my house but I grew up in a major city so that in itself has always worked against me. As for my husband he was suffering with mercury poising from the amalgam (silver) fillings and root canals that he had done to his teeth way back when, when he was in his mid teens (now dental work, that's a killer!!!) #5 With a certified Naturopathic doctor learn how to detoxify your body at least once a year, eat clean organic food and drink filtered non fluoridated water and cut anything out of your life with fluoride (water, toothpaste...whatever!) because that's another silent killer which is probably even more important to eliminate than the small amounts of metals that are found in some of this cookware. Hope some of this helps and if anyone finds a better option then HF Coors or Fiestaware please let me know? Thanks!

    • profile image

      Bonnie C 24 months ago

      What about Stokes brand dinnerware from Canada? I am not readily finding any information about there toxicity content.

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 24 months ago from Spicewood, Texas

      According to this article, Caleca is lead and cadmium free, but I cannot find whether it has always been so:

      https://www.microwavecookingforone.com/Caleca/

      The fact that it chips easily when it is not supposed to, and it gets hot in the microwave, causes me to have concern. I would probably replace it.

    • profile image

      Nancy M 24 months ago

      I have Caleca dinnerware from about 25 years ago. I thought it was from Italy but realize that it only states that it is hand painted in Italy. It chips easily and gets hot in the microwave. The pattern is light pink/blue/green. My husband was concerned about the lead content and after reading all the posts here, so am I. Someone posted that Caleca was safe but I wonder if that only applies to newer items. Does anyone know?

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 24 months ago from Spicewood, Texas

      I haven't been able to establish the content of Bistro yet. However, it sounds safe -- it's high quality porcelain, white, and is not easily marked with utensils.

    • profile image

      Erika D 24 months ago

      I saw the Bisto set at Sur La Table is made in Turkey - any worries there?

    • profile image

      Jessica 2 years ago

      Is Crate and Barrel, West Elm, or Pottery Barn ok?

    • profile image

      Sarah 2 years ago

      You are amazing. Thank you!

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      According to all the information I have been able to gather, Sur La Table porcelain dinnerware is safe.

    • profile image

      Sarah 2 years ago

      I am about to order the Sur La Table Porcelain Square dishes. Is their porcelain dinnerware also safe?

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Until I find out otherwise I am assuming that white Corningware is safe.

    • profile image

      Ann 2 years ago

      If Pyrex is made by corningware is it assumed that the white corningware is also safe?(casserole dishes, etc)

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      The Franz Collection sounds like a great option. They state specifically that their glaze is lead-free. Thank you for the link!

    • Amber Dawn Tyner profile image

      Amber Dawn Tyner 2 years ago

      Silva would you ever consider the Franz collection ?

      http://www.franzcollection.com/about/going_green.p...

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Kate, thank you so much for this useful information!

    • profile image

      Kate 2 years ago

      Villeroy and Boch crystal glassware and bone porcelaine do contain lead. I got the composition by the company which confirms the %.

      The Bone China is lead transparent.

      According to their data the hard porcelaine (traditional) is fired at 950c and is transparent without lead, the bone China is fired at 1250C and it is lead transparent. The crystal glassware have 10% lead oxide, the lead crystal 24% and the superior crystal 30%.

      Be aware that if you call them the customer service personnel can mislead you telling you that all are lead-free having ignorance of the matter. You should contact them by email and get formal reply by the experts.

      Keep asking questions to manufacturers! Put them out of ease! Do not support companies that do not have transparency in their policies-standards. They have to share tests results, if not then those might be positive.

    • profile image

      Kate 2 years ago

      FYI Lubiana's porcelaine are made in Poland and are lead and cadmium free. I contacted them asking about the composition of their ceramic and they responded promplty providing to me their certificates.

      Their products have the Health Quality Certificate issued by the State Institute of Hygiene, Warszawa that covers all the white porcelain items, undecored made for food contact.

      Composition: SiO2, AL2O3,Fe2O3, TiO2, CaO, MgO, Na20,K20.

      Results of the tests performed for lead and cadmium released from their ceramicware show:

      Pb test results: 0.05mg/dm2, 0.05mg/l

      (Pb: max expected 0.8mg/dm2, 2mg/l)

      Cd test results: 0.01mg/dm2, 0.005mg/l

      (Cd: max expected0.07mg/dm2, 0.3mg/l)

      glaze abrasion resistance: test results 38m, (standard 100mg)

      They supply dinnerware to restaurants. If you contact them they can provided to you their certificates.

      Personally I found a dinnerware series in Alinea.fr (since I am living in France), which has also nice design:

      http://www.alinea.fr/h-classic-assiette-plate-blan...

      Lubiana export internationally. Hope this can increase your healthy options. Bon appetite!

    • profile image

      Kate 2 years ago

      Can anyone comment on Lubiana's porcelain dinnerware?

    • profile image

      Kristi 2 years ago

      I see that Corelle is listed and wonder if the patterned dishes are okay, or only the Winter Frost white ones? Thank you!

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      My thoughts are that, until I can find otherwise, Duralex Lys Dinnerware is safe to use. Well-respected company and product made 100% in France.

    • profile image

      Anna 2 years ago

      What are your thoughts on the Duralex Lys Dinnerware? http://www.duralexusa.com/Lys-Dinnerware-cat8.html

      Thanks!

    • profile image

      moni moon 2 years ago

      Below is a copy of an email received from fiesta today. Talking with HF Coors i think the situation may be similar. In both cases, it's possible that they only use the cadmium for reds, but i don't know.

      "

      The Homer Laughlin China Company knowingly uses encapsulated cadmium containing pigments to create some of the vitrified Fiesta Glazes. While the existence of cadmium can be detected using X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis (XRF), XRF is not an approved test method to determine the leachability of cadmium in ceramic dinnerware. XRF does indicate what metals are present in the sample. There is no threshold value (ppm) for cadmium by any state or federal agency for ceramic dinnerware using XRF.

      The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and California Proposition 65 use a specific test method with threshold values (ppm) to determine the leachability of cadmium using an acidic solution to leach the metal from the food use side of the dinnerware.

      The Homer Laughlin China Company regularly utilizes testing laboratories to determine the cadmium leachability of the new glaze colors and checks existing glaze colors to verify compliance with the requirements of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and California Proposition 65. The Homer Laughlin China Company is in full compliance with the cadmium leachability requirements for ceramic dinnerware required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and California Proposition 65.

      "

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Thanks for this information. I have added a mention of it in the article, along with the link you provided. They have some really nice patterns!

    • profile image

      di 2 years ago

      Have you researched Emerson Creek Pottery? I can't remember if you have yet?

      http://www.emersoncreekpottery.com/non-toxic-eco-f...

    • profile image

      Karenk 2 years ago

      I am saddened that you took Denby off of your list. I own Denby that is clearly marked made in England and/or Portugal on each piece and those do not contain lead or cadmium. Although I try not to buy anything from China (Denby says their Chinese made doesn't contain L or C), what is produced in the EU, especially higher end wares from France, England and Germany often have higher standards than here.

    • profile image

      Annie89 2 years ago

      Just bought anchor hocking USA clear drinking glasses .

      Would they meet prop 65???

      Or do all clear drinking glasses meet prop 65?

      Thank you.

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Exactly. It's so frustrating trying to get a straight "Yes" or "No" from manufacturers.

    • profile image

      Annie89 2 years ago

      Silva,

      Good info from Lenox, but they did not mention anything about Cadmium!!

    • Silva Hayes profile image
      Author

      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Received this reply today from Lenox. I inquired whether their Tin Can Alley line had any lead or cadmium in it.

      "Thank you for your inquiry regarding the lead content in our products.

      Lenox has been a leader in the tableware industry for over 120 years and our manufacturing process is dependable and trustworthy. Our products are government tested annually and we assure you that our products test far below the stringent lead limits set by the Federal Food and Drug Administration and Tableware Safety Program standards. We want to assure you that the safety of our customers is very important to us. We value your patronage and hope that you will continue to support the Lenox product line."

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Somewhat off-topic but someone just sent me this link; the wine I drink is on this list; some California wines with dangerous levels of arsenic:

      http://www.aol.com/article/2015/03/20/some-califor...

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      I emailed Lenox Customer Service and I will come back here with their reply.

      Since it is made in the USA and is white, you are probably okay, but you are correct; it is truly staggering how hard we have to look to keep our families safe!!

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      Sharon 2 years ago

      Hello, I purchased Lenox Tin Can Alley, white bone china. It is made in the USA, please tell me it is lead/cadmium free... It was very, very expensive. Thank you for all the info... It is staggering how hard we have to look to keep our families safe!!

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      Dawn 2 years ago

      Great site, I have been reading all comments and you put Corelle on your list. Which dishes are recommended? I was looking at getting rid of my Ikea 365 white dishes and purchasing Corelle white from Walmart. Are the plain white safe, because I read earlier comment from Annie89 that lead was used in the dishes.

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Anna, Dansk has been purchased by Lenox.

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      Annie89 2 years ago

      You might want to buy for the baby, and your self for everyday, Corelle, its made in the USA, by Corning ware..It meets Prop 65,.

      Amazon sells it, take a look, but I noticed that Walmart prices are really inexpensive for Corelle.

      Its not great looking, but I'm getting use to it, and loving it..

      It is Glass, but does not break easy. Many families use it for that reason also, it last for years.

      Truthfully for company I do not use it..

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      Anna 2 years ago

      Also, does anyone have a recommendation for children's plates/bowls/cups? I am using stainless steel right now, but I read above that stainless steel might not be the best choice. I don't want to use plastic, and my baby is too small for glass. Thanks!

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      Anna 2 years ago

      Hello,

      I am new to this site, and I am looking to replace my current dinnerware. This site has been a great resource, but I am still confused on which set to purchase at an affordable price. I have read that you do not recommend Dansk, but would you comment as to why. From my research it looks as if their dinnerware is lead free and made in Indonesia not China. I almost bough a set today. Thanks!

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Jean, still searching for the content of Jadeite. All I've found so far is this:

      From: http://www.ohio.edu/riskandsafety/docs/newsletters...

      "Jade glass, also known as Jadite or Jadeite, is another particularly popular type of uranium glass. It was marketed by such companies as McKee and Jeannette Glass in the 1920’s and ‘30’s, but by the time Anchor-Hocking’s Fire-King Jadeite line appeared in 1942, uranium was no longer being added."

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      Roxy 2 years ago

      Just purchased Xtrema Ceramcor bakeware for their claim that it was Lead and other toxins free which are mentioned by nat above. However... a bit pricey.

      In my search for leaser expensive items, came across the visions fry pans. Question is, does anyone know if the corning ware visions line of fry pans would be lead free/led- leaching free?

    • profile image

      Jean 2 years ago

      Do you know if old Jadeite dishes are safe for dinnerware?

    • profile image

      Summer 2 years ago

      What about Duralex?

      http://www.duralexusa.com

      Looks like they have a kids line too.

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      jen 2 years ago

      Fiestaware tested positive for uranium (a radioactive element). Intake of uranium can lead to cancer &/or liver damage. Other brand names of dinnerware containing uranium: Caliente, Early California, Poppytrail, Stangl and Vistosa. Red & white ceramic plates manufactured under the the Food Network Label tested high for uranium. The white plate tested higher for uranium than the red plate. They were made in China. Acidic foods will react with the plate & cause a higher ingestion of uranium (a radioactive element)

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      nat 2 years ago

      Silva, do you know any info on Dr. Mercola, ceramic pots and pans? They are suppose to be lead, aluminum, nickel, iron, chronium, copper, cadmium and other heavy metal free.

    • profile image

      Annie 2 years ago

      Thanx:-)

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Thanks to our readers, here's an updated list of what we *think* are lead-free dishes:

      Apilco

      Bennington Potters

      Corelle

      Hartstone Pottery

      HF Coors

      Homer Laughlin

      Terra Keramik

      Sur La Table

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      Annie 2 years ago

      Silva,

      I noticed in your list you did not mention Corelle dinnerware that is made in the USA . I was told by the Company it meets the standard for prop 65, for lead and cadmium ,as it always did.

      How come that is not on your list?

      Thanx..

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      AnnMM 2 years ago

      I purchased 8 Hartstone Pottery mugs several years ago. My sons use daily. They toss in the sink, dishwasher and then put away and sometimes stacking them. They are not careful with them to say the least. We have no chips at all on them which is pretty amazing for stoneware.

      I wanted to ask why Sur La Table was not in the updated list of dishes?

      Thank you!

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      Ann Marie 2 years ago

      I just wanted to comment about Hartstone Pottery. I purchased 8 mugs several years ago and they are used daily by adults and two boys. No chips or cracks, they are very durable especially for stoneware. They have been tossed in the sink, then dishwasher, then not carefully double stacked in the pantry by the boys and look as good as new.

      I also wanted to ask why Sur La Table was not in your updated list of the lead free?

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      Kate 2 years ago

      Thanks so much for all the research and contributions. I'm definitely using the research in purchasing new dishes.

      I wonder if you have any recommendations for a good crockpot. I'm concerned about the heat over time and trying to find one with a lead and cadmium.

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Here's my updated list of what we *think* are lead-free dishes:

      Apilco

      Bennington Potters

      Hartstone Pottery

      HF Coors

      Homer Laughlin

      Terra Keramik

      About a lead-testing kit you can use at home, I understand that it only tests for surface lead. I emailed Peggy Karr Glass but haven't received a reply.

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      I will attempt a list -- the problem is that the information changes, companies who manufacture lead-free dishes in the US suddenly send their manufacturing overseas and the formula changes . . . over the next few days I will go over our information and verify that it is as up-to-date as possible.

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      Monette 2 years ago

      wow! Thanks for everyone for doing all this work. My new years resolution is to get rid of the harmful dishes, cups and cookware in my home. Is there a list somewhere with all the acceptable brands?

    • profile image

      Carol 2 years ago

      Is there a good lead tester we could use to see if our dishes & mugs to see if they are safe to use?

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      Annie89 2 years ago

      Susan B.

      I called the website you put up ( Miriam etc.)

      I personally do not think, or have found any type of cookware that is healthier .

      There's is 100 percent pure.

      Handmade in the USA

      Although pricey .

      If I could afford it , I would buy it..

      She lives in the USA , but comes from India.

      I mentioned about eating off of silver in her country. She said she never heard of it, but she thought it might be tin that was talked about here!!!

      Silver , tin is not healthy to cook from,or eat dinnerware from..

      .To much nickel etc.

    • Xpictinaki profile image

      Xpictinaki 2 years ago

      I found this interesting site which has info on glassware along with a bunch of other stuff: http://www.haz-map.com/leadfact.htm. I found a Correlle pattern I liked, too (yay). On another note: Awhile back when I was doing work on my Masters, I had read about the lead oxide inks used in bread wrappers which were used predominantly in the red, yellow, brown and black dyes; they were supposed to quit using them. Then several years later, the bread started to be double bagged (have an inner wrapper). So now I'm wondering if they quit the lead oxides or just prevented "leaching."

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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Emile Henry makes a high-quality scratch-resistant product and states on their website that their products are lead- and cadmium-free. However, I wonder if there is a problem with language here. Perhaps they actually mean that although lead and/or cadmium is present, their glaze is such a good quality glaze that it prevents leaching? One commenter here, Bonnie, had hers tested and it did test positive for lead. Another commenter, CTO, sent two of hers to a laboratory and the red product tested extremely high for lead and the yellow one tested positive but much lower. Again, Emile Henry states that their product is lead- and cadmium-free. If I was making a decision based on color, I would probably avoid red and be comfortable with any other color, but most comfortable with white. This is such a mine field for us consumers, trying to wade through such conflicting information!

    • profile image

      Farrah 2 years ago

      Silva ~ what are you thoughts of this Emile Henry baking dish? Is the colored one ok you think for lead free or leaching or should I stick to the white? Appreciate your help! I'm all new to this research...

      http://www.amazon.com/Emile-Henry-10-Inch-Square-J...

    • profile image

      Farrah 2 years ago

      Thanks MilaVD for you post .... "Someone has suggested stainless steel as an alternative in the comment field. It used to be safe but these days it's often made from scrap metal. Even when it isn't, it's still full of metals like chromium, nickel and manganese, that can cause allergy, learning disabilities and worse. Only cookware made of surgical steel is (supposed to be) safe. I'm switching to olive wood dinnerware now, only side effect is improved health :-)

      Anyone have thoughts on the stainless steel pots/pans Kirkland brand from Costco?? We have a 3yr old and very concerned for her health and ours. Thanks!!

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      I have emailed Peggy Karr Glass and asked about the lead or cadmium content.

      Wow, what a scary thing to happen to you and your husband! I don't know; it might have been a combination of boiling and acid in the dish to cause the leaching of lead.

      I will come back and post the answer when I receive it. Thanks for commenting!

    • Xpictinaki profile image

      Xpictinaki 2 years ago

      Two things: First what about glass dishes like Peggy Karr Glass?

      Second: I accidentally poisoned my husband and myself when I was a newlywed because I was cooking a dish on the stove that called for weighing it down with a plate (common is some Greek cooking). The plate as it was being boiled with the food, leached out a significant amount into the food which we ate. We got woosy after eating, and I noticed the plate had a silver sheen to it, so we went to the hospital and got tests that showed the lead. Now I'm wondering if that might be an easy way to test dishes...but was it the boiling, the acid in the dish or some combo? Have you heard of this kind of testing?

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      Susan B 2 years ago

      No, non stick cookware is not safe to use. I believe that unglazed pottery specially tested and made for cooking on the stove and in the oven is the only sure safe cooking choice. Take a look at

      http://miriamsearthencookware.com

      I'm researching purchasing new cookware to replace my stainless steel set.

    • profile image

      Annie89 2 years ago

      Silva,

      Thanks, I'll keep checking back.

      This has been a very helpful website you have set up, Thanx. o)..

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 2 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      I don't have any info but hopefully someone else will respond.

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      Annie89 2 years ago

      Does anyone know about the new oxo New Non-stick cookware from oxo Good Grip?

      This is there lower line of there cookware, Its a rubber type of handle, that feels good in the hand. Although cheap.

      This cookware has only been for sale for about 3 weeks.

      I have there oxo new 12 inch open pan to do a review on.

      The company makes excuses of why they cannot answer my questions, or I'm not asking the right ones o).

      They do say its , BPA, PVC, and PFOA , FREE.

      It's a shining type of non-stick.

      The outside of the pan is, Hard-Anodized.

      3 layer Non-stick,

      When I called the Company, they said that William Sonoma sells this cookware, which is absolutely Not true.

      The cookware is made in China..

      Although the new catch word is, "Of Shore"!..

      They did not want to say where its made, but finally did!!!

      Anymore info on this cookware?

      Thank you,

      Annie89

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 3 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Thank you, Carolyn! Yes, according to what I can find, the new FiestaWare is safe.

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      Carolyn 3 years ago

      According to Wikipedia on Fiesta dinnerware, "It has been found that past glazes have been radioactive or contained lead glazes, but these have been discontinued." Based on this I would assume that all new FiestaWare would be safe for purchase.

      Thanks Silva for all this wonderful information. I've been checking the web for the past several days on lead content in dinnerware and have found the most useful information on this site.

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      Annie89 3 years ago

      Hi Marla,

      That is true about prop 65, but to my understanding there are not going to be any any dinnerware that is totally Lead and Cadmium free!

      Or is there?

      If so, what, and is it made in the USA ?

      I'm also trying to buy, USA products.. and I do not mean products that the material comes from other countries, but is then made in the Usa.

      No China..

      I see where packaging on the box reads, Made in the USA, but the contents are not made in the USA.

      Very Tricky..

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 3 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Thank you, Maria, you are correct. I have noticed that Gibson dinnerware has glaze that is easily scratched by cutlery, therefore allowing any lead to leach out. As a mosaic artist I am constantly trolling the thrift shops looking for beautiful and interesting plates to break, and I will not buy the Gibson brand, or any other that I suspect might contain lead and/or cadmium.

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      Maria s 3 years ago

      proposition 65 compliance does not mean the dishes are lead free, it means the levels of lead do not exceed the govement standards..... I just thre out 2 sets of gibson dinnerware because on the bottom of the dishes it stated complience with prop. 65. I called them and they confirmed that the dishes are not lead free!

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 3 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      I would stick with clear glass only. Thanks for the visit, Dave.

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      Dave 3 years ago

      You recommend using glass as much as possible, and I agree, but is tinted glass safe? Like those cobalt blue drinking glasses, are they safe? Or should we just stick with clear glass only? Thanks!

    • Silva Hayes profile image
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      Silva Hayes 3 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      Thank you, MilaVD, for adding information and posting an alternative to our dilemma.