Different Species of Lily Flowers with Pictures and Tattoos
A garden hosting lilies creates a majestic myriad of color combinations. The lushness of these showy flowers rests in the design of the petals. These hardy perennials can be grown with a little care in containers or simply in grounds once they produce blooms.
Lilies belong to the herbaceous flowering plants of Liliaceae, growing from bulbs. They comprise a genus of about 110 species, in which most of them are native to the temperate Northern hemisphere. Lilies are important flowering garden plants having a prominent place in the culture and literature of most countries. ‘Lily’ is a popular feminine name derived from this flower which became the favorite of many English speaking countries by late 20th century.
Some species of lilies are not easy to recognize because of the difference in their petal pattern and style. If the look of some lilies can be compared to that of caps, some may resemble trumpets or instruments. It’s really interesting to have a look at them.
1. Calla liliesClick thumbnail to view full-size
It is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant, evergreen where rainfall and temperatures are normal. Its preferred habitat is in streams and ponds or on the banks. Calla lilies grow to 0.6–1 m (2–3 ft) tall with large clumps of broad, arrow shaped dark green leaves. The blooms of white Calla lilies are large, produced in spring, summer and autumn, with a pure white wrap and a yellow stamen. They are hybridized to produce in a variety of colors.
2. Water liliesClick thumbnail to view full-size
Bull's Eye Water Lily
These lilies are members of the family Nymphaeaceae and live in freshwater areas. These rhizomatous herbs have leaves alternate and spiral with the blade submerged. Flowers are solitary and radial, with a long pedicel. Water lilies are seen floating or raised above the surface of the water, with the receptacle encompassed by vascular bundles.
The beautiful outlook of water lilies has led to their widespread use as ornamental plants. The Mexican water lily, native to the gulf coast of North America, is planted throughout the continent. The white water lily is the national flower of Bangladesh and State Flower of Andhra Pradesh, India. The water-lily has a special place in Tamil poetics, used as the sad symbol for the feeling of separation.
Asiatic lilies have straight stems and are the hardiest of all lilies. They come in a variety of colors ranging from white to fiery reds and oranges. Asiatic lilies grow 2 to 3 feet tall and blossom for a longer time. These unscented flowers are great for allergic sensitive people. Japanese, Landini, Centerfold and Lollypop lily are a few popular Asiatic lilies.
Japanese liliesClick thumbnail to view full-size
Japan is a country of lilies. About 15 species of lilies are indigenous to Japan. The Japanese have been fond of lilies and sometimes regarded them as sacred plants. Yuri, the Japanese word meaning lily, comes from the old word Yuru that means "swing". It seems that ancient people named the plant after seeing its flowers swinging in the wind.
Landini liliesClick thumbnail to view full-size
This Asiatic lily is a bulbous perennial with erect stems bearing glossy, dark green leaves and dark colored flowers. Maroon colored Landini lilies transform to black when it reaches summer. Lilium Landini is deciduous. Landini lilies can be used for decorating a garden with dark colors.
Centerfold is a unique white Asiatic Lily with maroon stripes and spots in the center. This is an easy to grow Asiatic lily bulb with wonderful white flowers having a splash of deep red or burgundy on the petals. These upright facing flowers are apt for bordering landscapes.
These Asiatic Lilies give life to any border or flower arrangement with loads of bold, two-tone blooms of white with raspberry tips. This profuse bloomer facing upward stands out against the backdrop of dark green foliage.
4. Oriental lilies
These hybrid varieties are fragrant and the flowers tend to be outward facing. Plants look tall and the flowers may be quite large. The whole group is sometimes referred to as stargazers because they open outwards. Oriental lilies are known for their fragrant perfume, blooming mid-to-late summer. Stargazers are easy to grow and do best in full sunlight. Ranging in a variety of colors, Oriental lilies extend blooming lilies in your garden after Asiatic. They are the most popular cut flowers and garden perennials including showy varieties like Casa Blanca Lily and Tom Pouce Lily.
Casa Blanca lilies
Often used for weddings, 'Casa Blanca' lily has large, pure white, scented flowers.
Vigorous growth, strong stems and fragrance are the characteristics of this species. Used as cut flowers too.
Tom Pouce lilies
These fragrant flowers come in flat and bowl shapes. With a combination of pale pink, pink and bright yellow colors, Tom Pouce lilies are consumed in the form of cut flowers.
5. Turk's Cap liliesClick thumbnail to view full-size
These waxy flowers are smaller than other lilies and appear in mauve, pink, burgundy, yellow-orange, yellow, and white. Many are spotted or freckled. The reflex petals of these flowers create a turban-like appearance that tends them to be called ‘Turk’s Cap’. This woodland native is one of the few lilies that can tolerate considerable shade. Growing up to a height of 4 to 7 feet, Turk’s cap lilies are planted during fall. Even if Turk’s cap lilies have the same outlook as tiger lilies, they’ve got a green star on the center that makes them easy to identify.
6. Tiger LiliesClick thumbnail to view full-size
This lily is popular in different parts of the world in varying names. Tiger lily bears big, fiery orange flowers covered by spots. The spots on the petals make it to be called tiger lily. The flowers of this perennial can grow up to three inches in width. Tiger Lily is also known as the ditch lily as it is found in and around ditches in most parts of America.
7. Trumpet liliesClick thumbnail to view full-size
These species of lilies are so called because of their long trumpets. Most of these fragrant Aurelian Hybrid Lilies grow 4-5' tall. They are easy to grow and are borne on long, graceful stems. Their intense scent can perfume an entire garden. The flowers generally bloom after Asiatic Lilies and before Oriental Lilies. Easter lilies and white Regale lilies belong to this group of trumpet lilies.
Easter lilies are tall dark green stems with glossy green foliage topped with one or two large white trumpet-shaped flowers. In the Northern hemisphere these lilies are called ‘Easter Lilies’ whereas in Australia they are produced specifically for the Christmas period. Some Christmas lilies may have red/scarlet lines on the flower.
8. Tree lilies
Very pleasing and alluring tree lilies shower the spring garden with heavenly fragrant, colorful flowers. These beautiful lilies come in between Oriental and Asiatic, bearing a few features of each. Pollinators and humans would never leave a garden filled with tree lilies. Being reliably perennial, the tree lilies become taller each year, reaching a height of 6-8'’ by the third season.
These are some popular and common species of lilies that belong to the family of Liliaceae. No any garden is complete without lilies in my inference as their swinging, color and fragrance create a spectacular show off.
“I wish I were the lily's leaf to fade upon that bosom warm, content to wither, pale and brief, the trophy of thy paler form.” ~ Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Lily flower garden
Lilies are considered to be the symbol of purity, birth and innocence primarily. Greeks associate lily meaning with birth and motherhood because the flower was said to be created from the breast milk of Hera. Another belief compares the three petals of a lily flower to hope, faith and charity. Lily tattoos are usually worn by females because of its connection with female folks.
Do you like lily flowers?
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© 2012 Radhika Sreekanth