ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Outside Wood Boiler-Furnace Installation Tips

Updated on November 14, 2012

Install an Outside Wood or Biomass Boiler, Tips and Tricks!

If you are considering purchasing or already own an outside wood boiler, you have come to the right spot! Been there-done that! Installing an outside wood boiler is a job a persistent amateur can handle, and with a few money saving ideas from me, you will be ahead of the ball game from the get go! On this site you will learn about reducing wood boiler installation costs, good burn practices that reduce smoke, and ways to save wood!

Ideas on this page can readily be applied to corn or other biomass boilers too!

Outside Wood Boiler-Furnace Basics

What is an Outside Wood Boiler?

As I write this, it is twenty degrees outside, and my family and I are nice and toasty! Best of all it's cheap! Cheap! Cheap!! I am fortunate enough to have an inexpensive supply of wood, but even if I didn't, it would still be less costly compared to buying heating oil, natural gas or propane.

An outside wood boiler, also known as an OWB, or an outdoor wood burner, does not actually "boil" the water. Water temperatures never reach boiling, and wood boilers commonly operate in the 160-185 degree range. The water is heated in the boiler and is circulated by pump through a pair of one inch pipes to your home, where the heat is transferred via a heat exchanger to your existing system. The existing system may be a forced air or hot water/boiler system.

Good Burning Practices Reduce Smoke

Decreasing Smoke Emmissions Makes You A Better Neighbor!

Smoke Pollution is a nuisance for some outside wood boilers depending upon your location, and is also the single biggest point against their use. There is no way to entirely eliminate smoke, however you can signifigantly reduce it by following these suggestions:

*Size the heat exchanger correctly, or turn down the thermostat on the boiler. Overkill is a waste! If you find that your indoor water temp is around 140 degrees, you may be wasting wood, and creating unnecessary smoke. You will also be shortening the lifespan of the wood boiler. The less you have to open the door to add wood, the less heat you waste. I run my water around 120 degrees. I am amazed at the diference in wood intake. Maybe on a smaller home it isn't as signifigant, but on my monstrosity of a house, it was very noticeable.

*Adding a fan near the bottom of your exhaust stack helps move and disperse the smoke.

*Lengthening the exhaust stack as much as possible will keep the smoke higher, also helping to disperse.

*One of the biggest "stretches" by wood boiler manufacturers is the concept of how often you add wood. I've heard it said, add once every 12 hours, 24 hours up to 96 depending on the efficiency and size of your home, as well as the wood or biomass boiler model. It is true that you can add a bunch of wood and walk away for many hours. However, I've found that you will get a better, less smokey burn, by adding wood more frequently in smaller amounts. Bad burn practices creates angry neighbors, which in turn leads to poor public opinion and perception of outdoor wood boilers. If more first time wood boiler users are aware of this from the start, this tip alone will save tons of headache.

Installation Items you can save money on!

Some of the more expensive items.

The brazed plate heat exchanger pictured here is used for hot water applications, and a water to air heat exchanger is used in forced air applications. You can save big bucks buying these direct on the net. You will pay a premium if you purchase them with your "installation kit."

The same principle of premium pricing applies for the feed and return lines, as well as the fittings, and pump. In addition to the wood boiler sale, the dealer is making a very sizeable markup on accessories. Watch out for fittings and hoses that are exclusive to the manufacturer! The fittings and tools can be very expensive and you will find yourself calling the dealer to do the final hook-ups. Fittings, hoses and associated tools can be purchased at most major home improvement stores.

Side Arm Heat Exchanger. A sidearm exchanger will heat hot water for home use, saving a ton of money in electricity or gas. It is used with your existing hot water heater, and as with the plate heat exchanger, and the water to air heat exchanger, the water from the outside wood boiler does not mix with the potable hot water. The dealer may offer a sidearm heat exchanger as an accessory, however there are a number of these available on E-bay and through online vendors that are often better priced. Check the e-bay listings I've provided if you like.

Hot water lines to and from the outside wood boiler. The dealer will be happy to sell you this item and the price tag can add up very quickly! Around 5 to 6 dollars a foot for pre-insulated. If you are patient, you can buy and insulate the lines yourself like I did and can use more common fittings and crimping tools from the larger hardware stores. One of the more common brands of water lines is called Pex.

Base for the furnace. After an outside wood boiler is installed and filled up with water it can be extremely heavy. I placed mine on concrete but many dealers offer a pre-fabbed base.

Water to Air Heat Exchanger
Water to Air Heat Exchanger

Exmple of a Water to Air Heat Exchanger

Water to Air Heat Exchangers used with outside wood boilers or furnaces are installed inside the plenum of forced air heating systems. Most manufacturers offer instructions on how to accomplish this. The furnace fan blows through the water to air heat exchanger and heats the air inside the duct work. Installation tip: the nipple that is closest to the fan must be the return to the outdoor wood furnace. The nipple farthest away from the fan must be the hot water feed. Reversing this will decrease the efficiency of the exchanger!

A correctly sized water to air heat exchanger will be one inch smaller then the size of the the plenum. For example: If the plenum measures 20x20 then purchase a 19x19 heat exchanger. The Water to Air Heat exchanger can be placed on a shelf inside the plenum. The shelf is made of 90 degree angle iron or sheet metal attached on three sides. The video below is a great example of a typical Water to Air Heat Exchanger used in an Outside Wood Boiler-Furnace Installation.

Installing a Water to Air Heat Exchanger

A high quality installation video of an air to water heat exchanger!

Safety First

Having the right tools for the job starts with Safety!

It is a lot more fun to saw wood, then to saw off digits and appendages or get bit by a flying wood chip. I highly recommend chaps and headgear. It only takes a minute to be safe, but you can carry an injury around permanantly!

Hot on eBay! - For the DIY'er!

I've bought tons of stuff on e-bay! It's cheap, and the seller has nothing to lose put his reputation, which is usually enough. The items I've found are either in new or gently used and are priced cheaper then you will find in a store. Specifically, I've purchased pumps, fittings and an exchanger with no problem.

Handy Accessories for your Outdoor Boiler.

Starting a fire and having wood right where you need it can be an issue. I hope some of these items help you out!

Alternative Heating - It's always a good idea to explore alternatives! That is what originally led me to a wood boiler.

If you are in an area that doesn't quite fit the criteria for a wood boiler installation, check out what alternative heating methods are out there!

Reader Feedback - I would love to hear from you!

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • TrialError profile image


      6 years ago

      Great tip. Thanks.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Thanks for the installation tips. Really appreciate it. Good information on the outside wood boiler. 5** By Portable Propane Heaters

    • CanDoMan profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago

      For Tom: I can appreciate anybody who is a doityourselfer, however, when it comes to building an outside wood boiler, you really have to weigh the amount of time and the cost of materials carefully. I originally thought to build one myself, but the cash outlay for materials and the time involved really didn't make sense. When you build it yourself you also forego any type of warranty and customer support. If you are serious about doing it yourself, check out my link to DEB Design (Wood Boiler Plans). This will get you started.

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      I really enjoyed your site & info on these outside boilers. I want to build my own as I have a inside wood burner attached to my furnace. Any thoughts on how to modify this by adding a boiler?

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      my son as a outside oldwoodburner for hot water heat.we can nont find anyone hou knows how to huck it up.Models HKB-81 BY Kinetic-industries.If you could help us .we would be forever grateful.thankyou for your time

    • eccles1 profile image


      10 years ago

      thanks for your tips!!

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      you are my hero, this websites is awesome:)


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)