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Spruce Up & Repair a Bamboo Rocking Chair

Updated on March 29, 2015
Restored & Rejuvinated Bamboo Rocker
Restored & Rejuvinated Bamboo Rocker | Source
Bamboo Rocker Waiting for Repair
Bamboo Rocker Waiting for Repair | Source

Bamboo furniture is a versatile look for contemporary or traditional décor indoors or out. Just like all of your furniture, bamboo requires care on a regular basis. It can be harmed by the dry heat of indoors or by mother nature outside. Keeping up with preventative measures is much easier than having to do a total overall repair job.

I found the beautiful bamboo rocker at an antique auction. As you can see from the photo, the chair was in rough shape but underneath all of the dust and dirt was a gem just waiting to shine. I wanted to use the rocker on my screened in porch. There was a large crack in the top, varnish missing from some of the rungs, and had to have the rockers sanded a bit to reshape. This project took me a weekend due to the dry times needed in between coats of varnish.

The instructions that follow will guide you through every step of a total retoration including repairs of cracks. At the very end of this hub is a list of things you can do to prevent having to do a total renovation to bamboo furniture.

Gather Up:

Bristled Brush
Small Pail with Hot Water
Shop Vac/Vaccum
Before Restoring
Before Restoring | Source

Cleaning The Bamboo

Remove any dirt or debris with a sponge dipped in hot water. Make sure you wring to sponge out enough that it will not soak the bamboo.

TIP: If there is no varnish or finish of any kind on the chair, be careful when doing this step. Water will begin to warp the bamboo if it is left for too long. If this does happen, just bring the chair into a dry area, wipe down with an old towel and place a fan in front of it

You can use an old toothbrush or any kind of soft bristled brush to remove the dirt and dust from the crevasses and then vacuum with a small shop vac that has a brush attachment.

Ready for Sanding
Ready for Sanding | Source

Prepping the Entire Chair

You will need:

  • Tarp
  • Medium Grit Sandpaper
  • Fine Sandpaper
  • 0000 Steel Wool
  • Tack Cloth

Begin to prep the chair by using medium grit sandpaper. Sanding will remove the finish and some of the light scratches that may be in the bamboo. If there are heavy scrapes or gouges in the bamboo, you may want to consider replacing the whole piece. I personally like the look of worn bamboo, so I did not replace any of the poles. I just made sure they were well sanded, no rough spots and felt smooth to the touch.

Follow up this sanding with one more overall sanding with fine sandpaper. Finish off by using a tack cloth to remove and loose particals from the chair that may make your first coat of varnish feel and look bumpy.

Gather Up

Wood Glue
Wax Paper
Tie Wraps multi sized
Wood Putty
Needlenose Pliers
Wood Screws (if chair has them)
Damp Rag
Each chair will have it's own individual repair tools and hardware needs.
Crack in Need of Repair
Crack in Need of Repair | Source
Crack In Process of Being Filled, Repaired and Blended
Crack In Process of Being Filled, Repaired and Blended | Source

Repair or Replace

Depending on how the chair is built, it can be easy to slide the bamboo poles out of place and replace them completely with a new piece. In the case of this rocking chair, it was not as easy as it looked. I chose to repair the bamboo poles as needed.

To do this, I used strong wood glue, toothpicks, waxed paper and tie wraps of assorted sizes. Where a pole was cracked, I loosely set on 2 or 3 tie wraps onto the pole. Then using a toothpick, I applied the glue to the crack, wiped off any excess glue and then placed a piece of waxed paper around the pole. I then slid the tie wrap into place and tightened enough to close the crack but not hard enough to leave an indent in the bamboo pole.

I had bamboo pegs that were holding the chair together instead of screws or nails. I made sure they were all tightly in place. If the pegs were loose, I removed the peg using a small size needle nose pliers, placed glue into the peg hole, and then gently tapped the peg back in place with a small tack hammer. I then wiped off any excess glue from the peg hole with a damp rag.

If your chair has screws or nails, tighten up the screws and check that the nails are well set into the bamboo poles. If the screws will not grab, replace them with the next size up screw (width not length). You need to be able to have the screw grab on to the bamboo without splitting the pole or going all the way through to the opposite side. If the nails will not set in well, you can place a bit of glue into the nail hole, tap in the nail, wipe off excess glue and use a tie wrap to hold the pole while the glue is setting.

After Varnish & Wax
After Varnish & Wax | Source

The Finish

Once fully repaired and all touch up sanding has been done, I protected the exposed bamboo with varnish. I chose to use Helmsman boat varnish due to its water protecting properties. I applied 3 coats of varnish with a light steel wool sanding in between. The varnish takes at least 6 hours to set before you can sand and varnish again. Do not rush this step. This is what will protect the bamboo from the elements.

I also applied a coat of furniture paste wax as an additional layer of protection. But you have to make sure that the varnish has completely cured before applying the wax. If the varnish has not hardened, you will need to sand all over again and begin the sealing process as explained above.

Preserve, Clean and How To Avoid A Total Makeover

  • Dust your Bamboo furniture regularly with a dusting cloth. Make sure to get into all of the nooks and crannies. This will help to prevent dust and dirt settling into the arms, legs or any of the joins in the furniture.
  • Fill a cleaning bucket with warm water. Soak a rag in the mild soapy water. Completely wring out the rag so that the rag is just damp and not wet. Clean the bamboo. then use a different rag dipped in warm water to rinse off the bamboo. Allow the furniture to air dry.
  • Apply a furniture wax that is made for bamboo on a montly basis. Linseed oil can be used if you can not find a furniture wax for bamboo. This will keep the bamboo protected from drying due to heat, prevent cracking and keep the flexability in the bamboo.
  • Do not sit on wet bamboo furniture. This will bend, warp and even crack the bamboo.

© 2015 Susan McLeish


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    • prestonandkate profile image

      Preston and Kate 2 years ago from the Midwest

      Thanks for sharing some useful information! I've never refinished bamboo before.

    • Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

      Glimmer Twin Fan 2 years ago

      Really nice article. I don't have any bamboo furniture, but this was interesting all the same. Makes me want to go out and find some!

    • StoneCircle profile image

      Susan McLeish 2 years ago from Rindge, NH

      Gradn old lady,

      I used glue as a last resort in repairing this vintage rocker. I did some research on using this method and found that if the chair was not going to be used daily, it can work. I put the rocker away nightly to keep it out of the weather and condition it often to make sure no further splitting will occur. Glad you enjoyed the article.

    • grand old lady profile image

      Mona Sabalones Gonzalez 2 years ago from Philippines

      Very helpful article. Never knew that holes in bamboo could be filled with strong wood glue.

    • StoneCircle profile image

      Susan McLeish 2 years ago from Rindge, NH

      Thanks janderson99 for that tip. I am always up for different ideas on refinishing great furniture. I choose marine varnish due to the weather in the northeast. This chair will be by the ocean at times. The salt air does damage to everything.

    • janderson99 profile image

      Dr. John Anderson 2 years ago from Australia on Planet Water

      Great article. I have repaired a bamboo lounge using similar methods. I chose to use high quality furniture oil as a finish rather than vanish as the oil penetrates into the bamboo and keeps it subtle. This means that you can oil it once again if it dries out. Just a suggestion worth considering. Cheers and Thanks!