ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What's the Best Sage for Your Garden?

Updated on May 8, 2018
The Dirt Farmer profile image

Jill volunteers at community gardens and learns about gardening through the MD Master Gardening and Master Naturalist programs.

Salvia officinalis, a.k.a. garden sage
Salvia officinalis, a.k.a. garden sage | Source

Salvia officinalis, commonly called garden sage or common sage, is a useful and attractive plant to have in the garden.

Whether cultivated in a pot or in the ground, if cared for properly, garden sage will grow into a small shrub with soft, silvery-green leaves that have a pleasingly pungent taste and aroma.

Garden sage is a subshrub or dwarf shrub. Mature plants are woody at the bottom with new growth at the top.

Over time, sage develops silvery woody stems that look like old driftwood. The woody stems do not set leaves.

In early spring, garden sage develops tall spires of violet flowers that, like the plant itself, are both edible and aromatic.

Although only two years old, this sage plant is already developing woody stems.
Although only two years old, this sage plant is already developing woody stems. | Source

The Best Sage for Your Garden

When selecting sage plants or seeds for your garden, be sure to choose the plant that best suits your needs.

Some varieties of S. officinalis are hardier than others. Some produce more flowers. Some have more aromatic leaves. Some are more colorful than others.

Like the leaves, sage flowers are edible.
Like the leaves, sage flowers are edible. | Source

Popular Sage Varieties

Name
Hardiness Zones
Appearance
Notes
'Berggarten'
5-9
broad green leaves
flavorful leaves
'Compacta'
5-9
small green leaves
great choice for a container
'Curly'
5-9
waxy green leaves with wavy edges
esp. ornamental
'Dwarf'
5-9
small silvery green leaves
ideal for containers
'Holt's Mammoth'
5-9
large green leaves
vigorous grower
'Icterina'
5-7
gold and green leaves
vigorous grower
'La Crema'
5-7
green leaves/cream borders
vigorous & showy
'Minima'
5-9
small green leaves
good for containers
'Nana'
8-11
dwarf variety
good for windowboxes & mixed herb container
'Purpurea'
5-11
deep purple, blue and green leaves
colorful
'Rainbow'
5-7
purple, cream & pink leaves
colorful, vigorous grower
'Robert Grim'
5-9
small green leaves
good for containers
'Tricolor'
5-7
purple, green and cream leaves
slow grower
'Variegated Woodcote'
5-7
green leaves with lighter green edging
colorful
(Melchior)

Before purchasing sage, be sure to examine the plant tag or seed packet, keeping in mind that not all plants commonly referred to as sage are garden sage.

Labels for garden sage should read Salvia or S. officinalisSalvia or the abbreviation S. for the genus, and officinalis for the specific epithet. The name of the plant variety follows the epithet (Owen 33-35).

For instance, a plant tag would read, "S. officinalis 'Tricolor'" for the tender perennial variety of garden sage that has white, purple and green aromatic leaves.

Source

In addition to its culinary uses, sage leaves can be used in homemade soaps, lotions and potpourris. They may even be used as a natural insect repellant. Just rub the leaves on exposed skin to keep bugs away ("Sage").

If you're looking for garden sage to harvest for potpourri, look for the variety 'Purpurea' or 'Icterina.' Like 'Tricolor,' both varieties have colorful leaves.

If you intend to harvest sage for heavy use in the kitchen, a hardy workhorse variety like Berggarten' is an excellent choice.

S. officinalis 'Berggarten' is a compact variety of sage that grows best in Zones 5-8. As noted above, it's a good choice if you're looking for a hardy, low-maintenance variety of garden sage.

'Berggarten' blooms infrequently in our garden, but it does bush out nicely and has grown to about two feet by three feet. It produces lots of leaves that can be harvested for immediate use or dried.

Over time, 'Berggarten' develops lovely thick silver wood at the base.

Source

Wanted: Well-Draining Soil

Common sage is drought tolerant and deer resistant. It's also frost tolerant, and it doesn't mind poor soil. But over watering combined with poorly draining soil will kill it. The roots will rot, the leaves will yellow and soon, the plant will shrivel and die.

If you're not sure if your soil has good drainage, perform this simple test: dig a hole 12 inches deep and fill it with water ("Soil Drainage"). If the water in the hole drains in 30 minutes, the soil has good drainage.

Sage against a backdrop of Reemay. Because common sage is frost tolerant, I rarely place a row cover over it.
Sage against a backdrop of Reemay. Because common sage is frost tolerant, I rarely place a row cover over it. | Source

Location Counts

Like most herbs, garden sage needs full sun in order to grow best. That means about six hours of direct light per day.

Sage also grows best in a level or sloping area that has good drainage. Avoid low-lying areas or "frost pockets" where water may accumulate.

When grown in the appropriate Hardiness Zone, garden sage is a perennial. In other zones, it can be cultivated in outdoor beds as an annual or grown in pots in a greenhouse or sheltered area year after year.

It's an ideal plant for cultivation in pots, especially clay ones, which drain water better than plastic pots.

Source

Know Your Zone

Most S. officinalis grows best in Hardiness Zones 4-10, although that varies depending upon the variety. If you opt to grow sage in a garden bed, be sure to select the variety that's right for your zone.

Where does your herb garden grow?

See results

To find your zone in the USA, visit the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone map at the United States Department of Agriculture website. For links to other hardiness zone maps, see Edible Landscape Design.

Of course, your Hardiness Zone is immaterial if you intend to raise sage in pots. You can simply bring the plant indoors if the weather becomes too hot or too cold for the sage to survive.

Source

Other Plants Called Sage

Russian sage
Russian sage | Source

Not all plants commonly called sage are garden sage. That's why it's so important to check the label for the scientific name Salvia officinalis when purchasing sage for culinary use.

Russian Sage

Although Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia) has many similarities to garden sage, it's a perennial flower, not an herb.

Low-maintenance and drought-tolerant, Russian sage works beautifully in a border or at the back of flowerbeds in Zones 4-9. It has silvery, feathery foliage and striking spires of violet flowers. Russian sage attracts bees and butterflies, and blooms from summer into fall.

Jerusalem Sage

Phlomis fruticosa (Jerusalem sage) in Desert Demonstration Garden in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Phlomis fruticosa (Jerusalem sage) in Desert Demonstration Garden in Las Vegas, Nevada. | Source

Phlomis fruticosa is also commonly called sage-- Jerusalem sage.

Jerusalem sage is a tall perennial flower with soft, furry leaves. It produces yellow flowers and is a good choice for water-conserving gardens in Zones 7-11.

S. judaica (Judean sage) growing wild on Mount Carmel in Israel
S. judaica (Judean sage) growing wild on Mount Carmel in Israel | Source

Judean Sage

With its branched flowerheads, Salvia judaica (Judean sage) is thought to have inspired the shape of the Jewish Menorah.

According to the Old Testament, God instructed Moses to construct the Menorah along lines that sound very much like a description of S. judaica. “Make a lampstand of pure gold," God tells Moses. "Hammer out its base and shaft, and make its flower-like cups, buds and blossoms of one piece with them. Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lampstand—three on one side and three on the other" (Exodus 25: 31-33).

Works Cited

Melchior, Caleb. "Sage Varieties: Growing Tips and Recipes." Mother Earth Living: Natural Home, Healthy Life. August/September 2010. Web. 11 May 2015.

Owen, Judith. "Botany." Master Gardener Handbook. University of Maryland, 2008. 23-42. Print.

"Sage." Better Homes and Gardens. Meredith Corporation, 2015. Web. 11 May 2015.

"Soil Drainage." CMG Garden Notes. Colorado Master Gardener/Colorado State University Extension 2013. Web. 24 May 2015.

© 2015 Jill Spencer

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • thoughtfulgirl2 profile image

      thoughtfulgirl2 

      9 months ago from East Coast

      Until today, I had never heard of Judean sage, so this was a nice surprise to learn about. Interesting article.

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      2 years ago from United States

      Hi vespawoolf, it is amazing how many varieties of sage there are to choose from. Some are biennials, so the second year you'd need to collect seeds and sow them in early spring, just as you would for foxglove or hollyhock. --Jill

    • vespawoolf profile image

      vespawoolf 

      2 years ago from Peru, South America

      I didn´t realize there are so many varieties of sage! I love cooking with sage and wonder if it would grow here? We have the weather and full sun, but live at 9,000 feet. I´ve found some plants don´t thrive at that altitude. I´ll have to give it a try. Thank you for this beautifully written article.

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      3 years ago from United States

      Hello, MsDora. I thought that bit about the Menorah was interesting too even though it doesn't really "fit" the hub. Sort of cool though to see links between things, how our minds work by analogy. Thanks for stopping by! Take care, Jill

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      3 years ago from The Caribbean

      Thanks for this valuable lesson in types of sages and their various uses. Also good instructions on growing and the surprise link to the Jewish Menorah. Voted Up!

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      3 years ago from United States

      Hi Roberta, thanks so much for sharing the hub on Pinterest. I wish HP had a category in Gardening just for herbs. I think it would get a lot of articles posted under it. Have a nice holiday! All the best, Jill

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 

      3 years ago from the short journey

      Thanks much for this helpful education. I would add, "O wise one" but in writing it can be difficult to tell if someone is just being funny or smart alecky. Appreciate what I learn from your posts and the occasional smile. :) Adding to my Gardening: Herbs board.

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      3 years ago from United States

      Yeah, well . . . a pun. How could I resist? lol

    • Maren Morgan M-T profile image

      Maren Elizabeth Morgan 

      3 years ago from Pennsylvania

      Pithy title!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)