Snake Plant Propagation
- Sharp, non-serrated knife/scissors
- Rubbing alcohol
- Free draining soil mix
- Mature snake plant leaf blade
- Container for cuttings/divisions
Snake Plant Propagation Overview
The snake plant, Sansevieria trifasciata, is a common and easy to grow house plant. It can spread via creeping rhizomes and create offshoots. The leaves are stiff, smooth, and usually variegated while being able to grow very long in length. Origins of the snake plant lie in tropical regions of Africa from Nigeria to the Congo.
The propagation of the snake plant is very easy via cuttings or divisions. Cuttings are slightly more complicated compared to divisions but both are easy none-the-less. Snake plants often grow shoots off to the side of the main plant. These offshoots can be removed from the mother plant and grown separately. Several cuttings can be taken from a single leaf blade which makes propagation of numerous snake plants easy to accomplish. Cuttings from some variegated varieties will show little to no variegation, but divisions will show variegation.
Only a few materials are needed to perform divisions and cuttings. Properly performing cuttings and divisions, keeping them moist, and selecting a proper rooting medium is vital to propagation success.
Snake Plant Cuttings
Snake Plant Cuttings in Soil
Snake Plant Cuttings
Snake plant cuttings are easy to perform, but have a higher chance of failing compared to divisions. Cuttings will take a while to produce sizable plants, but many cuttings can be taken from a single leaf which essentially allows one plant to produce infinite clones. Leaf cuttings can be done by removing a large leaf blade like so...
- Select a suitable leaf to remove, preferably one that is several inches to several feet tall.
- Pluck a leaf blade from the base of the plant. Use scissors or a sharp knife to remove it if the blade is stubborn.
- Use scissors or a sharp knife to snip the leaf blade into segments that are about 2 to 4 inches in length. Do not use a serrated knife. Serrations will tear and destroy tissue that leave the wounds vulnerable to rotting.
- Place each leaf blade segment into a free draining soil. Wet the soil before placing cuttings into it. Remember to place the cuttings into the soil in accordance to how the original leaf blade was growing. The cut-end facing upwards needs to remain out of the soil, while the cut-end that was facing towards the soil needs to be placed down into the soil. Cacti soil works great, but a mixture of equal parts perlite and spagnum moss works as well.
- Small white root hairs will begin to appear after a few weeks. Be careful when checking if the cuttings have rooted because the tiny roots are very fragile. It is best to leave the cuttings undisturbed for a few more weeks.
- Water occasionally and use just enough water to keep the soil slightly moist. Dry conditions will cause the cuttings to shrivel and the delicate roots will die. Excessive water will cause the roots and cuttings to rot and die.
- Plant the cuttings into a desired container after several weeks have passed. Snake plants are slow growers so do not expect an attractive appearance for quite some time. Several months will need to pass before new growth becomes easily visible above the soil. Be patient and keep the cuttings moist.
Snake Plant Division
- Sharp knife
- Cacti potting soil or free draining soil mix
- Container for new divisions
Snake Plant Divisions
Snake plants are easily propagated by dividing offshoots and rhizomes. Rhizomes are (underground stems) that create new shoots off to the side of the mother plant. Snake plants that have offshoots can be divided by removing and replanting the offshoots. Divisions can be accomplished by using a sharp knife.
How to Divide Snake Plants
- Select an offshoot to be removed from the mother plant. More than one can be removed.
- Remove the snake plant from its container.
- Expose the root mass and rhizomes.
- Try to pull the offshoot and its roots and rhizomes away from the mother plant. Sometimes it takes very little muscle to remove it. If it does not budge, then use a sharp knife to cut through the roots and rhizome. Do not be concerned about preserving every bit of the root mass because it will grow back just fine. Sometimes reducing the root mass is beneficial to root bound plants.
- Replant the new shoots in a container. Use a cacti soil mix or a free draining soil mix. A homemade mix can be used using equal parts potting soil, perlite, and sphagnum moss.
- Thoroughly water the newly planted division.