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Soak pit - An easy way to recharge ground water level!

Updated on June 12, 2012
A Soak Pit under construction.
A Soak Pit under construction.

Soak pit is actually a tank for recharging ground water (or underground water) and increasing ground water level using waste water which cannot be used and it can be constructed with most of the available household and some simple hardware. Many cities here in India and all around the world too, are facing water scarcity, not only in the summers, but throughout the year. Suppose you wake up one morning to see that your water tanks are empty, the taps pour only warm air, you run to your neighbors for a glass of water to quench your killing thirst in the heat of the summer but they inform you that the water supply has been stopped for a few days because of unavailability of water in the city, then what will you do? Here is as simple technique for constructing a soak pit on your own and even on a low budget!

Quick Method


  • Dig a 5*5*5 {5 feet deep, 5 feet wide and 5 long} pit near your courtyard or garden or any other appropriate place, whichever is close to the terrace or any place where rainwater collects.
  • Embank the inner walls of the pit with bricks and concrete {not the floor of the pit}
  • Now fill the pit with sand about a foot high.
  • Above the sand layer, put coal for another one foot.
  • Above the coal layer, fill the next one foot with lime stones, slightly bigger than the normal size.
  • Now fill the remaining part of the pit with broken brick pieces and cover the pit with stone chips.

A common soak pit mechanism.
A common soak pit mechanism.
An open pit with installed P.V.C. pipes.
An open pit with installed P.V.C. pipes.

*Note:-


Make sure you completely close the pit with chips so that there may not be any chances left for mosquitoes to breed and there larvae to survive inside it.

How to use your soak pit:-


Now control the flow of rainwater and pour it inside the pit. The rainwater from the roof can be drawn into the pit using a 3-4 inches broad irrigational pipe. Concrete the open section of the pipe where it enters the pit.

Investment required (according to India):-


This work may require an investment of about Rs. 1500/- to Rs. 3000/- .

  • You can use the plastic pipes that cost Rs. 20/- to Rs. 25/- per foot.
  • Half a trolley of sand,
  • Half a trolley of limestone,
  • Sack full of coal, and
  • Labor charges.

Advantages:-


  • It increases the ground water level.
  • The water level in boars and wells increases automatically. Donate a little time from your life to a noble cause - construct at least one soak pit and encourage rain water harvesting.

Copyright © 2011 Abhimanyu Singh. All Rights Reserved.

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    • profile image

      ankur goyal 

      4 years ago

      how to change the soil of soak pit after all the soil around gets saturated...????

    • profile image

      nayana 

      4 years ago

      thank you abhimanyu,

      this is very useful information for saving water as well as imp information for preparing to govt examination

    • Abhimanyu Singh92 profile imageAUTHOR

      Abhimanyu Singh Baghel 

      6 years ago from Satna, Madhya Pradesh (India)

      Yes Sir. I found and read about it. I didn't know that its called an Otter Condo. That was very interesting. So can you please tell me what will I have to do? :)

    • WD Curry 111 profile image

      WD Curry 111 

      6 years ago from Space Coast

      Keep them coming. I have one I did for you. It has to do with pencil sketching. Have you ever seen an Otter Condo? I call it the Zoo Tree. You are clever. I bet you know where you can see it.

    • Abhimanyu Singh92 profile imageAUTHOR

      Abhimanyu Singh Baghel 

      6 years ago from Satna, Madhya Pradesh (India)

      Yes sure Sir. Tell me if I can do anything for you.

    • WD Curry 111 profile image

      WD Curry 111 

      6 years ago from Space Coast

      Take it from a true American . . . we need you!

    • Abhimanyu Singh92 profile imageAUTHOR

      Abhimanyu Singh Baghel 

      6 years ago from Satna, Madhya Pradesh (India)

      Oh great! Thank you so much Sir! I just can't tell how happy I am. I didn't know about the foxfire and a few other things, so I had to search a bit, but I am seriously very honored to know this. Thanks for your support Sir. :)

    • WD Curry 111 profile image

      WD Curry 111 

      6 years ago from Space Coast

      That's what it's all about brother. Foxfire is a project from Appalachia. It was a school assignment for "hillbilly" students to learn and preserve the folk skills necessary to survive "off the grid". It is a wonderful series and the guy from India would fit right in! I put your lesson next to the one on Ginseng (wild American is the best).

    • Abhimanyu Singh92 profile imageAUTHOR

      Abhimanyu Singh Baghel 

      6 years ago from Satna, Madhya Pradesh (India)

      Hello WD Curry 111. Thanks for commenting. I really feel honored to know that you found my hub useful enough that you are getting it printed for future use. I'll try to keep on working over more such hubs that will be helpful to everyone. :)

    • WD Curry 111 profile image

      WD Curry 111 

      6 years ago from Space Coast

      We have plenty of water in Florida, but the course of development is steadily polluting it. I am printing this out (in case the grid collapses) and slipping it into one of my Foxfire Books!

    • Abhimanyu Singh92 profile imageAUTHOR

      Abhimanyu Singh Baghel 

      6 years ago from Satna, Madhya Pradesh (India)

      Thanks sneha for commenting. Yes it'll be definitely helpful for arid and dry regions. My own city is amongst the officially recognized drought prone regions. That is what inspired me to write this hub.:)

    • Sneha Sunny profile image

      Sneha Sunny 

      6 years ago from India

      interesting... It really can help in storing ground water.. Places with dry environment should consider this.....

    • Abhimanyu Singh92 profile imageAUTHOR

      Abhimanyu Singh Baghel 

      6 years ago from Satna, Madhya Pradesh (India)

      Thanx @jenubouka & @ap Stumbo for your appreciative comments.

      @ap stumbo, dear pal, I would like to tell you that the lower part of the pit is not concreted, so the water collected in it, eventually percolates into the ground. You don't need to harvest the water, it gets harvested by itself. Infact, you don't need to do anything after the completion of the pit, everything takes place on its own. :)

      @MarleneB yes of course you should have one. That will definitely help you. Soon I'll publish more hubs for recharging ground water level so that you can find more methods for this. :)

    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 

      6 years ago from USA

      I live in the country and use well water for my water source. One day this past summer, the well went almost dry. I sure wish I had a soak pit, especially since it happens to be raining really hard in my area right now.

    • apStumbo profile image

      apStumbo 

      6 years ago

      I am really intrigued by this idea, but in the end how do you harvest the rainwater that you collected in the soak pit?

    • profile image

      jenubouka 

      6 years ago

      This is quite interesting, California should really look into this, due to their water shortages

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