The Jasmine Plant
Interesting Facts About Jasmine
Jasmines belong to the Jasminum species and there are around 200 varieties of these sweet scented flowers.
Jasmines come mainly in the color white with a few yellow varieties.
Jasmine plants are perennial and can be found in the form of shrubs and vines.
The flowers can be single or formed in clusters and are highly valued for its fragrance.
What's Your Favorite Jasmine Plant
The History of the Jasmine Flower
The name 'jasmine' is said to have evolved from the Persian word ‘yasmin’ meaning ‘fragrant flower.’
Controversy surrounds from where the flower first originated.
Some flower experts claim the flower is a native of the Himalayas whereas others say it may have come from Egypt or Persia.
Jasmine flowers are used in a variety of ways in many parts of the world.
Belle Of India
Jasmine Flowers and Worship
In some countries like India and Sri Lanka jasmine flowers are used for worship.
People will place baskets filled with jasmines at the statues of the gods which they venerate in their home or at the temple.
The "Belle of India" (Jasminum sambac) is a popular jasmine used in India during worship. It is also a sacred flower offered to Lord Vishnu.
Jasmine flowers are also offered by devotees to Lord Hanuman who is also known as Lord Anjaneya.
Jasmine Flowers For Decoration
Jasmine flowers are commonly used in many parts of India and Sri lanka to decorate garlands which are placed over the necks of the chief guests attending a function.
Some women even decorate their braided hair with jasmine flowers.
Jasmine Flowers As Medicine
Jasmine oil is used for the treatment of depression, nervousness and tension.
The varieties Jasminum grandiflorum and Jasminum officinale are commonly used in the production of jasmine oil.
The oil has curative properties which help in relaxation.
Jasmine oil is also used in making creams and lotions for the skin.
Jasmine oil contains the following chemicals:
- Linalyl acetate
- Methyl anthranilate
In China the root is used to treat headaches, insomnia and pain in the bones and joints.
National Flower of Philippines
The variety of jasmine known as Jasmine sambac (also called the "Maid of Orlean" in English) is the national flower of the Philippines. Jasmine sambac is also the national flower of Indonesia.
The Maid of Orlean is also used to make jasmine tea.
Jasmine Tea Recipe
- 10 Maid of Orlean Flowers
- 1 cup hot water
Place the flowers in the cup of hot water. Keep the flowers in the water for 20 minutes and then strain and drink.
Drinking jasmine tea is said to help in weight loss, improve mental clarity, strengthen the immune system and reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes and cancer.
National Flower of Pakistan
Jasminum officinale also known as Poet’s Jasmine is the national flower of Pakistan.
Listed below are a few more varieties of Jasmine and its English names:
Winter Jasmine - Jasmine nudiflorum
Arabian Jasmine, Maid of Orlean, Belle of India - Jasmine sambac
Spanish Jasmine - Jasmine grandiflorum
Italian Jasmine - Jasmine humile
Primrose Jasmine - Jasmine mesnyi
Downy Jasmine - Jasmine multiflorum
Orange Jasmine - Murraya paniculata
Growing Guide for Jasmine Plants
Potting Mixture For Jasmine Plants
- 1 pot
Mix together 50% sand, 50% compost and 50% soil. Fill the pot ½ way with the mixture and place the jasmine plant in it. Then fill more of the mixture until the pot is covered with ¾ of the mixture.
Make sure the pot has a minimum of 4 holes underneath for excess water to drain off. Place a few pebbles on the holes or cover the bottom of the pot with a piece of green netting to prevent any mixture from being washed away during watering.
* If you decide to grow the vine variety of jasmines in a pot remember to place a support for the plant to climb on.
How to Best Grow Jasmine Vines
If you decide to plant the vine variety of jasmine plants in the ground make sure you keep a spacing of 6 feet per plant.
When you dig a hole for the plant mix the soil you've dug up with equal amounts of sand and compost. Place the soil mixture back into the hole while planting the jasmine plant.
Jasmine vine varieties are best grown on arbors, trellises and fences since these form a good support for the plant to trail and climb along.
Jasminum sambac, Jasminum officinale, Jasminum polyanthum and Jasminum nudiflorum are ideal jasmine vine plants.
© 2012 Suranee Perera