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Tips During a Natural Disaster

Updated on February 19, 2017

Natural Pictures of Natural Disasters

Tornado Terror in Tuscaloosa, Alabama in 2011. Several tornadoes tore through the state.
Tornado Terror in Tuscaloosa, Alabama in 2011. Several tornadoes tore through the state. | Source
Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, Louisiana       Courtesy of : I Stock Photos
Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, Louisiana Courtesy of : I Stock Photos | Source
Earthquake Damage in Japan       Courtesy of I Stock Photo
Earthquake Damage in Japan Courtesy of I Stock Photo | Source
The best way to avoid tidal waves is to evacuate the area. It is useless to try to ride it out.
The best way to avoid tidal waves is to evacuate the area. It is useless to try to ride it out.

Types of Disasters

1. Hurricanes: Formed in the ocean, these storms form slowly at times but, they can cause major damages. Hurricanes are named as soon as they become a tropical storm and they are also classified as Category 1-5, with Category 5 being the worst possible storm. Evacuate your home if possible, if not, then get to the innermost part of your home and stay away from doors and windows. More than likely, you will want to board up your home and evacuate inland. Not only are the winds a problem but, the storm surge has a devastating effect.

2. Tornadoes: These storms form from thunderstorms and never underestimate their power. Tornadoes are measured as F1-F5 with the F5 being the most destructive possible. The United States has seen its share of tornadoes over the past couple of years with record breaking numbers. Storms are more easily predicted now so try to move to a storm shelter or basement as soon as the first warnings are issued. If you can not move to an interior room and stay away from doors and windows.

3. Tsunami: A horrifying scene to see footage of a Tsunami in action. A Tsunami is a result of an earthquake in the ocean. This shift pushes water forward and into whatever is in its path. The force of the water is so strong that it takes with it whatever is in its path. Evacuate the area if possible and move to higher ground. If not, then you can get to the highest point or maybe find a boat.

4. Volcano: Volcano eruptions do not happen as often as some of the other major weather events on this list but, that is not to say that a volcano can not be destructive. As the molten lava spews into the air, it is millions of degrees hot and will destroy all in the way. If you are able, I would try to out run the volcano then, I am afraid that you would be in a lot of trouble.

5. Earthquakes: Also known as tremors, they release energy in the crust of the earth, which causes waves underneath the earth's surface which reach through to the surface. Earthquakes are measured using a Seismometer, which registers them on a scale from 1-10. This is also known as the Richter scale. In America, the most common place that earthquakes occur are in California. Get to an inner door frame or a sturdy structure to ride out the earthquake.

6. Hail: You will want to be inside during a hail storm. Hail can happen during a thunderstorm or during severe weather such as a tornado. Hail has been known to be really large such as a golf ball or even baseball to softball size hail. Take cover inside a home or in the car until the storm passes. Hail can stop and start without warning.

7. Monsoon: The monsoon is a seasonal wind change. Monsoon's which typically take place in Africa and Australia, refer to strong rainy weather with major winds. Where monsoons occur, there are few houses so, finding higher ground is a must. In some regions, monsoons can go on for several days at a time.

8. Tropical Storm: These storms are the precursor to a hurricane. Tropical storms that come onto land can still do a lot of damage especially if it is in a low lying area. Evacuate the area before a storm like this hits or move to the inner most room of your home to put the most space between you and the outside.

9. Thunder & Lightning: Both thunder and lightning is caused by thunderstorms. While I am guilty of sitting out on the front porch or sitting in the window to watch a good lightning show, this is not advised at all. Weather forecasters tell you to stay away from doors and windows, refrain from using the sink or shower and stay off the land line telephone. It is also a good idea if you are outside to stay away from trees and metal poles.

10: Flooding: Flooding can occur with several of these storms. It is better to not ever try to cross a road or travel in an area that is flooded. Try to evacuate the area that you are in if you know in advance to get out or get to the highest spot possible.

Types of Natural Disasters

Tropical Storm
8 of the Worst Natural Disasters

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Simple Survival Tips

It is always a good idea to have an evacuation plan or a plan of action, depending on what weather event you are facing. I live in Alabama and the tornadoes that swept our state in April 2011 made us all realize that a plan is good to have in place.

1. Know your safe place: If there's a tornado heading your way, depending on where you are will depend on what your safety plan should be. Go to the inner most room of your home. Put as much space between you and the outside.

2. Food: Canned goods and bottled water are great items to put up in case of emergency. You can get a plastic tub and store food to last for a few days because most likely, you will not have power.

3. First Aid Kit: Everyone home with an evacuation plan needs a first aid kit. Equipped with bandaids, antibiotic ointment, gauze and tape etc, this is also a must have to go with your safety plan. Keep in mind, your first aid kit can be as large or small as you wish, depending on your space.

4. Flashlight and Batteries: It is good to have several flashlights in various locations of the house and with the evacuation plan so that you will know where to find them in a pinch.

5. Cooler: April 2011 living in Alabama after the tornadoes was crazy. I remember going to a local grocery store and paying for 2 large coolers to put my freezer foods in to try to salvage my food.

6. Food Storage: A great place to store extra food is in the garage or in a basement. You could have shelves built of wood, metal or plastic. The plastic is quite durable but it is not built to hold the weight of canned food.

7. Toiletries: The daily necessities such as deodorant, feminine products, hairbrushes, toothpaste, toothbrush, shampoo are also great items to have on hand.

8. Water: Large quantities of water and other drinks as well are sold at several major department stores. When you think about it, you might want to buy an extra package of water and just put it back somewhere for an emergency situation.

9. An extra can of gas: It is always good idea, to have an extra can of gas at your home. If you are like me, I usually am more near empty than I am full.

10: Tornado Shelter: A lot of shelters were put in after the tornadoes in Alabama in 2011. Local churches or even a courthouse with a basement are more likely to open their doors now during a disaster.

Hurricane Katrina Disaster

Footage of Hurricane Katrina

Alabama's Worst Tornado Ever in 2011

© 2012 Buster Johnson


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