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Planning Your Garden

Updated on May 04, 2016

So perhaps this is the year that you have decided to plant a garden. It is not to late in the season to start this project. You can begin a small plot of land and learn how to tend the plants that you choose to plant.

There are several steps involved in creating your first garden. We will go over these one step at a time. The best place to begin a new gardening project such as this, is by watching how to sun plays over the area you want to have flowers and shrubs.

Take a bottle of water or a glass of tea and sit out in the yard where you can see the spot where you intend to plant. Watch how the morning sun, the noonday sun and the afternoon sun play over that area. This will determine which type of plants should be placed there.

Morning sun is a cooler sun and will not damage most plants. So this means that plants like Hosta, Colia and Begonia can be planted where the morning sun beams down on them. You can plant them comfortable in the knowledge that they will not be damaged in this location. Do not keep these two types of plants where the noonday sun beats down on them, they will not survive past the early part of spring. Partial shade plants will thrive if planted where they have full access to the morning sun.



Full noon sun will only be welcome on the plants that can tolerate full sun. This will be very important when searching out the flowers that you choose. How much of your garden will have unfiltered sunlight? If while studying your intended garden area you notice this area has no shade causing structures or trees, you might want to adjust where you intend to plant. Even sun loving flowers and shrubs could use a break from the beating sun, just as you and I need one. Finding a location that provides some shade and filter of the noon and afternoon sun will produce a better garden for flowers. The exception is if you planned a garden that will have succulents and other desert plants.

Remember that you can cause shade and filters by the plants that you place in the area. If you place hardy shrubs that can take the sunshine they will create pools of shade for smaller plants. This might be a two step process allowing the shrubs to gain some height before planting flowers in their shadow.

One important consideration for your garden is to have a water source nearby so that they can be watered in the morning and have a nice damp soil to rest in during the heat of the day. Do not water your plants in the middle of the day, it is unhealthy for their roots and the plants themselves. Water in the middle of the day can cause a shock for your flowers.Evening watering is better than mid day watering. Once the sun is off of the plants you can water safely.

Rose bushes love sunlight and can take more than you might imagine. These can be a plant that you choose to use as a backdrop to the entire garden. Azalea's are very heat resistant and can, like roses take direct heat and sunlight. Watering them in the morning or in the evening are the best times to water.

So before planting the first flower, shrub or bush, take the time to really watch your future garden area and see how nature already behaves there. Then plant according to what you observe. This will save you many hours of replanting and rethinking your garden. 


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    • Danette Watt profile image

      Danette Watt 5 years ago from Illinois

      Great hub, Vicki with some good tips.

      As I begin to plan my garden, I am thinking more and more of native and drought-resistant plants. Here in the St. Louis MO region, our July and Aug are often very dry and the poor plants start to suffer.

      Vote up and useful.

    • vicki goodwin profile image
      Author

      Sojourner McConnell 5 years ago from Winchester Kentucky

      Thank you for taking the time to read and thank you for the vote and comment. There are some really great drought resistant plants. Lambs ear and sedum are two of my favorite drought resistant plants. Lambs ear has the most amazing texture and sedum is such a beautiful little plant. Enjoy your garden!

    • saif113sb profile image

      saif113sb 5 years ago

      Very nice and informative hub. thanks

      https://hubpages.com/living/PLANTS-FOR-ALL-PLACES

    • vicki goodwin profile image
      Author

      Sojourner McConnell 5 years ago from Winchester Kentucky

      Thank you for taking the time to say such kind words.

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 5 years ago from California

      What a great hub! Very informative.

    • profile image

      Joanie 5 years ago

      Been in home 2 yrs. so know sun pattern. Your info was just what I needed, thanks!

    • vicki goodwin profile image
      Author

      Sojourner McConnell 5 years ago from Winchester Kentucky

      Thank you Audrey Howitt and Joanie :) So glad you found the hub and especially that you found it useful.

    • Jamie Brock profile image

      Jamie Brock 5 years ago from Texas

      Thank you for bringing these things to my attention.. I want to eventually do my first garden. Great hub :0)

    • vicki goodwin profile image
      Author

      Sojourner McConnell 5 years ago from Winchester Kentucky

      So glad that you found it useful. Having a garden is a great accomplishment. Thank you for taking the time to read and comment Jamie.

    • profile image

      iamaudraleigh 5 years ago

      Love your garden pics and the hub to boot :) Voted up a lot!!!

    • vicki goodwin profile image
      Author

      Sojourner McConnell 5 years ago from Winchester Kentucky

      Thank you Audra :) I appreciate your stopping by and commenting on the hub. There is nothing more beautiful to me than azalea and Hasta in a garden. Thank you for the votes :) I really appreciate them.

    • Sunshine625 profile image

      Linda Bilyeu 5 years ago from Orlando, FL

      One thing I don't have is a green thumb. I've tried gardening many times. I seem to have luck with potted plants. I've been told a few times not to take it personal, it's probably not my thumb, just the Florida soil. Hmmmm. I think they were just being nice to me! Excellent tips and enjoy your beautiful garden.

    • vicki goodwin profile image
      Author

      Sojourner McConnell 5 years ago from Winchester Kentucky

      You might have some luck with a container garden. Then you are using better soil than the sandy soil that is there naturally. Container gardens make any yard more beautiful and with large containers they look natural and at home in the yard. Cluster them close and they take on a very elegant look. Thank you for stopping in and reading and let me know if you decide to try the container garden.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image

      Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Vicki,

      Thanks for publishing this very useful article.

      I liked when you said "before planting the first flower, shrub or bush, take the time to really watch your future garden area and see how nature already behaves there." This one statement can save many headaches later on.

    • Pamela Kinnaird W profile image

      Pamela Kinnaird W 4 years ago from Maui and Arizona

      That's a really good point that we can place shrubs in a planned manner to create shade for other plants. Great hub. Voting up and useful.

    • vicki goodwin profile image
      Author

      Sojourner McConnell 4 years ago from Winchester Kentucky

      Thank you Daisy, I have learned to watch nature play before touching any garden tools. It has indeed saved me tons of replanting and failed plants. Thank you for reading this and thank you for your kind comments.

      Thank you Pamela for the votes and the comments. I appreciate you taking the time to read it and to vote it up.

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 4 years ago from California

      I am starting to do some garden planning and thought I would revisit--great info!

    • suzettenaples profile image

      Suzette Walker suzettetaos 4 years ago from Taos, NM

      Great article on planting gardens! You give such good informative information and advice. I enjoyed reading this. Everything starts with a good plan. Thanks so much for an interesting and informative article.

    • vicki goodwin profile image
      Author

      Sojourner McConnell 4 years ago from Winchester Kentucky

      Do you draw out your plan or just get it all together in your head Audrey? I love to draw mine out and have it in front of me.

      Thank you Suzette for your positive comments. I am so glad that you found it to be useful.

      I really appreciate you both taking the time to leave me feedback.

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 4 years ago from California

      I actually have to see it--so if I draw it out it helps me get a better sense of what it will look like---so I am trying to figure out what to do in the front yard--we are going to take out a tree in the middle of the lawn and the lawn itself

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