Top 10 Easy to Grow Flowering Ornamental Houseplants
Flowering house plants look great in the center of the table or on the windowsill or by the side of your sofa. They add beauty and brighten the space around with vibrant colors.
Flowering houseplants not only improve the decor of a room they help to give a sense of well-being and happiness.
Houseplants improve the quality of air inside your home. During photosynthesis, plants take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen that we breathe thereby rejuvenating the surrounding air that we breathe.
Presenting flowering ornamental house plants -
1. Christmas Cactus
The Christmas Cactus plants are colorful and are great to grow indoors as ornamental plants. The botanical name of Christmas Cactus is “Schlumbergera bredgesii”. It is a tropical flowering plant that is easy to grow indoors with good care.
The flowers of the Christmas Cactus varieties bloom in colors of pink, white mixed with pink, orange, fuchsia, red, orange-red, and yellow.
The Christmas Cactus can grow well in bright light and has to be watered at regular intervals, just enough to keep the soil moist. If the Christmas Cactus is not watered regularly the plant will wilt, and the flowers will drop off and if it is watered more than required spots will occur on the leaves due to white rot.
Touch the soil to see if it is dry and then water as needed. Prune the Christmas Cactus a month after blooming to encourage the cactus to branch out.
The Christmas Cactus plant can be easily propagated by cutting off sections of the stem that has two to three joints and planting them in the soil. This plant needs to be kept away from sources of direct heat like the fireplace, heaters to bloom.
The botanical term for Gloxinia is Siningia speciosa. Gloxinia plants are closely related to African violets. These plants are easy to grow and require little looking after. They bloom in late winter or early spring.
Gloxinia plants grow up to 18 inches in height. The flowers are three inches wide and bell shaped. The flowers of the Gloxinia plant varieties bloom in colors of crimson, deep red, mix of white and pink, violet or white.
Gloxinias grow well in warm temperatures and well-watered soil. They can be grown from seeds, cuttings or tubers in late winter or early spring.
3. Guppy Plant
The botanical name of the Guppy plant is Nematanthus gregarius. It is an evergreen tropical plant that is easy to grow indoors with good care. The Guppy plant has smooth, glossy leaves and grows to about 6 -10 inches in height. The flower of this plant blooms in a vibrant orange color.
The Guppy plant needs bright light to bloom. It blooms throughout the year. Place the Guppy plant near a bright window but do not expose it to bright sunlight and do not overwater this plant.
4. Martha Washington Geranium
The Martha Washington Geranium (Pelagorium x domesticum) grows well indoors and is easy to take care of. This plant is also knowns is also known as Regal Geraniums.
The flowers of the Geranium plant varieties bloom in colors of deep purple, deep burgundy, pale pink, pink and white. This plant blooms indoors throughout the year. The leaves are bright green in color with a gentle citrus scent.
The Geranium plant needs bright sunlight and survives well in cool temperatures.
5. Cape Primrose
The botanical name of the Cape Primrose is Streptocarpus hybridus, native to South Africa. This plant is very easy to grow and needs very little maintenance. It grows up to one foot and grows well in bright light. Keep this plant shaded from the direct sunlight.
The Cape Primrose blooms throughout the year. There are many hybrid varieties of this plant that are available.
The flowers of the hybrid varieties of the Cape Primrose plant bloom in colors of pink, white, purple or red. The Cape Primrose plants have long, rich green leaves that grow in rosettes
The Cape Primrose grows well in cool room temperatures; they wilt if the room is too hot. Do no over water the plant; this plant needs soil that is just moist.
It is very easy to propagate the Cape Primrose when compared to all other plants. These plants can be propagated by leaf cuttings, by dividing the plant or by using seeds.
6. Scarlet Star
The botanical name of the Scarlet Star is Guzmania lingulata. The Scarlet Star is a Bromeliad. (Bromeliads can be potted, or they can survive attached to a host plant without causing any harm to the host plant). Guzmania lingulata is native to Middle and South America.
The Scarlet Star is easy to grow ornamental indoor house plant that can also be grown outdoors as well. These plants grow well in partial shade or full shade combined with warm temperatures. The soil must be watered just enough so that the soil is wet. Let the soil dry out completely before watering again.
The leaves of the Scarlet Star are long, deep green and leathery. They grow in stacks one above the other and spread outwards from the central stalk of the plant.
This plant produces a single beautiful flower. The flower heads are in the shape of a wide, deep cup with many bracts growing in layers. The blooms of the Scarlet Star are at first green and then turn into a faded yellow color. As the bracts peel away from the main cup of the flower, they turn into deep scarlet red or orange in color.
This plant requires moist soil to grow well and live for three to four years. When this plant is viewed from the top it looks star shaped hence the name Scarlet Star. It blooms only once in a lifetime, but the blooms are tough and lasts for about five months.
In the center of the flower, there are small white flowers that are barely visible. Once the flower dies the offsets or pups of the plant remain that can be propagated.
7. Brazilian Fireworks
The botanical name of the Brazilian Fireworks is Porphyrocoma pohliana. It is a tropical evergreen plant. This plant is also known as “Purple Shrimp”, “Blue Shrimp”, and "Rose Pine Cones".
The Maracas Brazilian Fireworks needs a medium to bright light to grow well. Avoid exposing this plant to bright sunlight to prevent the bleaching of leaves. The leaves of this plant are deep green with silver veins. The soil must be moist and well drained.
In late spring and summer, the Maracas Brazilian Fireworks sprouts deep red flower bracts that later on develop purple flowers making the entire plant look very attractive.
When the flowers of this plant start to wilt, they shoot out small black seeds. Both the color and the shooting out of the seeds has earned this plant the name “Brazilian Fireworks.”
8. Wax Begonia
The botanical name of Wax Begonia is Semperflorens begonias also known as Bedding Begonias. These plants are very popular as bedding plants. Wax Begonias can also be grown as indoor plants.
Wax Begonias are easy to grow and need little maintenance. They produce colourful blooms throughout the year with glossy attractive leaves.
Wax Begonia has many hybrids that produce blooms in colors of white pink, rose or red. The leaves are closely packed and covered with blooms. The leaf color of the hybrids of this plant includes green, red and bronze.
Wax Begonias grow well in bright light or partial shade but need warm temperatures to survive. This plant has to be watered so that the soil is just moist.
This plant can be propagated easily by taking stem cuttings in spring. Wax Begonia seeds are very tiny and may take several months to grow after planting the seeds in spring.
9. Jungle Geranium
The botanical name of the Jungle Geranium is Ixora coccinea. This plant is also known as the Flame of the Woods, Jungle Flame and Scarlet Jungle Flame.
Jungle Geranium is a flowering shrub native to India and Sri Lanka. This plant is a beautiful flowering plant with flowers bunched together. It grows to about 4 feet in height and has leathery, shiny, oblong leaves that are arranged in pairs or threes around the stem.
The flowers of the Jungle Geranium are tubular and are up to 2 inches long. The hybrid varieties of this plant bloom in colors of orange, yellow, pink and red.
Jungle Geraniums need regular watering but do not over water the plant. These plants need bright light to bloom. They cannot tolerate temperatures below 15 degrees centigrade. These plants can be propagated easily by taking stem cuttings during spring.
10. Kaffir Lily
The botanical name of the Kaffir Lily is Clivia miniata, native to South Africa. Kaffir Lily is easy to grow and requires little maintenance.
The flowers of the Kaffir Lily bloom in clusters. Each cluster has ten to twenty flowers that are trumpet shaped with orange petals with a yellow colored center. The Kaffir Lilly plant varieties bloom in colors of red, white and yellow. The leaves of the Kaffir Lily are dark green and arch over each other.
The Kaffir Lily plant takes about two to five years to mature fully. It grows up to 18 inches in height. It grows well in bright light and does not require direct sunlight. The soil should be just moist for this plant to grow well.
Kafir Lily is poisonous. Children and pets will fall ill if they bite or chew on these plants.
Which one is your favorite ornamental flowering house plant?
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2014 Nithya Venkat