ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Vertical Gardening And Green Walls

Updated on February 7, 2016

A Vertical Garden

Source

A vertical garden or a green wall grows either up a wall, a structure attached to the wall, or on a self-supporting structure or a trellis.

Invented by Professor Stanley Hart Whate, and modernized by the botanist Patric Blanc, vertical gardening offers loads of benefits, such as it shrinks the amount of floor space required, focusses on climbing plants and creepers that are less prone to insects, diseases, and animal pests. You can easily monitor the plant growth, harvesting is easier, and a better visibility of the produce ensures less wastage of overripe fruits usually hidden under lush growth. Vertical gardens are also more accessible to gardeners with disabilities.

Whenever you wish to develop a vertical garden, keep in mind to situate the trellis along the north side of your garden to prevent it from shading other plants. Anchor your trellises to protect them from the wind and to handle the weight of the plants, by sinking the trellis posts 20 inches deep.

Plants that can be grown in a vertical garden:

  • Tomatoes
  • Peas
  • Cucumbers
  • Pole beans
  • Melons
  • Squash.

The Concept Of Green Walls Is Suited For Urban Households And Buildings

A green wall or a living wall is a vertical garden, that has vegetation growing on or against vertical surfaces, that includes the growing medium, such as soil. It can be developed from building facades or as boundary demarcation or even as a free standing structure.

Benefits of Green Walls:

  • Help regulate temperature. Foliage on or around a building acts as an insulating jacket, which keeps it warm in winter and cool in the summer season, reducing carbon emissions and saves on heating and air-conditioning costs.
  • Combat air pollution by trapping particles on leaves.
  • Reduce local flooding by absorbing rainwater, both at the root level and/or by holding it into the canopy of foliage.
  • Improve mental health and reduced stress.
  • Save on space

Variations In A Green Wall

  1. Conventional Green Facades: These are made of climbing plants growing on a wall, either with no additional infrastructure or with the use of stainless steel or wooden trellis, meshwork or cabling as plant support. It is quite similar to growing a vertical herb garden. Though an inexpensive option, it takes time for the plants to establish. Plants such as Camelia sp., Fuschia sp., Magnolia grandifolia, Scorpion vetch, and Pyracanthus sp., are used to develop green facades.
  2. Living Walls: These involve fixing continuous or modular planted up units to a frame that is separated from the building with an air gap. Continuous living walls can be made of felt layers or be a block of concrete using flower pots filled with growing medium. Modular panels involve cages of crushed bricks, which are seeded or planted up with tiny plugs. This creates a more naturalistic effect, quite similar to the wild flora of mosses and ferns that appear around a broken downpipe. Plants are rooted directly into the felt layers or in growth medium beforehand and then added to the structure. The growing media can be an organic material such as coconut coir, peat, tree bark or an inorganic material such as clay pebbles, mineral soil or sand.
  3. Intermediate Green Walls: Green screens are made of a climbing plant pregrown on a free standing galvanized steel framework and established as an instant hedge. Live curtains combine features of green facades and living walls. The system is made of plants climbing on a structure but rooted off the ground in small plantar boxes.

Urban hedges and stone walls are other variations in green walls.

An Indoor Green Wall

Source

Plants For Indoor Green Walls

  1. Pothos: A vining plant that is easy to care for, and can be coaxed to climb or hang from its resting space.
  2. Sword fern: An evergreen fern with dark green fronds that grows in well-drained acidic soil.
  3. Cretan brake fern (Pteris cretica): A species of the evergreen fern family with pale and pinnate fronds, this plant has no tolerance for dry soil, so the base should be close to a water source.
  4. Wedding vine: A vining evergreen plant with large white tubular flowers that can be grown over 20 feet tall.
  5. Crotons: These are colorful shrubs with leathery leaves, that get a deeply pigmented hue in the bright light.
  6. Philodendron: This plant thrives in moist soil high in organic matter. It has large and imposing leaves that are often lobed and deeply cut. It has juvenile and adult leaves that differ from each other.

Water Supply And Irrigation Systems For Green Walls

Most green walls have one of the two basic types of irrigation systems - recirculating and direct irrigation.

  • Recirculating irrigation system: This is best suited for small indoor green walls. The source of water is an irrigation tank, which is either remote controlled or directly underneath the green wall. It is filled manually on a regular basis. Water is pumped from the tank into the green wall and is distributed to the plants. Excess drainage water collects at the bottom of the wall and is fed back to the tank.
  • Direct irrigation system: This is used for larger green walls. The water comes directly from an external source. It is channeled to the green wall and distributed to the plants of the wall. As the water percolates through the wall, it gradually trickles down under the influence of gravity. Any excess is collected and sent to a sewer drain.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      3 years ago from India

      Excellent tips on vertical gardening

      I was thinking whether I can do it on my balcony wall

      But there won't be enough sunlight I feel

      Thanks for sharing this wonderful hub

    • WiccanSage profile image

      Mackenzie Sage Wright 

      3 years ago

      Very cool! The indoor green wall thing is gorgeous. Interesting hub, thanks for sharing. I always think of vertical gardening as something for a more practical purpose with herb and veggie gardening space, but clearly it can be used for a beautiful garden (or wall) as well.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)