A Vision towards different watering systems used in gardening for plants
Adequate water supply is essential for a plant’s life and successful harvests. Excess or less amount of water supply can effect a plants growth and quality of its fruits/vegetables. There are various methods of watering and the method of watering for plants varies from plant to plant. For instance, some plants might require only water content in the soil whereas for some a water spray all over the leaves is essential; hence appropriate method of watering should be chosen for the plants.
Below mentioned are some types of watering system used in modern day farming:
1. Hand Watering using Normal Bucket
For plants that are big in size, leafy plants, vegetables, etc. hand watering can be used as an option. Here, water is taken in a container and sprayed over the plant using hands, so that direct impact on plants by the force of water is avoided. Here we don’t have much control on the amount of water that is poured on the plants. Hence this method is applicable for plants that require more amount of water.
Small holes are manually made at bottom of bucket to reduce the force of the water and to water the plants evenly.
2. Watering Can
A watering can is a container that can be used to water the plants. Unlike normal buckets a watering can has got a handle and a spout. Watering Cans are available in various sizes and in different materials such as plastic, aluminum, steel etc. On some types of watering can, a cap with holes is placed at the end of the spout. This helps to reduce the force and the pressure of water on plants. Watering can is one of the best options for plants that require water sprays on its leaves.
3. Water Sprinklers
Sprinklers are used to irrigate the crops/vegetation by water drops or to give a natural rain effect. Water is distributed through pipes with the help of water pumps and is sprayed into air through attached sprinklers which fall into ground as drops. This can also be used as to control the dust in the air. This type of irrigation is adaptable for green lawns, garden or vegetation that is spread across in a large farm. Sprinklers with pressure regulators, filters, rain sensors, timers are available and can be selected with respect to our need and requirement.
Type of sprinklers head used on sprinklers differs with respect to our use. Most common type of sprinkler head used is pop up sprinkler heads, impact rotors, gear-driven rotors, and large rotors.
One of the most common used Sprinklers is Noodle Head Flexible Lawn and Garden Sprinkler. This sprinkler head can easily be attached to any type of hose head also can be screwed to a riser. Also we have the option to create our pattern by turning the sprinkler head.
4. Drip Irrigation
Drip irrigation method is an irrigation method where water is dripped to root of the plants. This method saves loads of water and is very much effective. In drip irrigation, a network of pipes, tubes, valves are used to supply the water to each plant. There are different types of drip irrigation such as hose system(Snip-n-Drip system), emitter drip systems, watermatic drip system, sprinkler drip system, subsurface drip system etc. Based on the study on soil, crop, land, topography suitable drip irrigation should be selected. Studies has proved that drip irrigation results in yield increase up to 100-150%, 70% of water savings, fertilizer efficiency by 30% and early maturity results.
Automatic Drip Irrigation Types and examples:
i. Self watering system:
Aqua globes are one of the most selling automatic watering systems that work without power supply. Here we just need to fill the water in the globe and insert the tube end into the soil. When soil gets dried up, it releases oxygen into the aqua globe that raises the bubbles through the globe, resulting in dispense of exact amount of water required for the plant. This is ideal for the home-grown plants and refill is required only once in two weeks.
The electrically or battery operated are the automatic watering systems with high capacity to store water and includes features such as timer and watering programs. Claber 8057 Oasis 4-Programs/20 Plants Garden Automatic Drip Watering System is one product that is operated on battery and the drip system waters 20 plants up to 40 days. The unit is very easy to install.
- Firstly place the unit on a sturdy surface, 2-2.5 feet above the tallest pot. Then insert a 9V battery.
- Install the system’s distribution hoses and the dripping system.
- Fill the tank with water.
- Choose the required program. The various programs allow choosing the number of days the water to be dripped. For instance if you select 20 day program, it delivers 2.02 ounce of water per dripper per day. Each program waters twice a day.
ii. Simple and Cheap Watering Systems
You can also make an automatic water dripping system for your plants using waste water/cola plastic bottles/ Cans. Follow the below procedure to make a simple automatic dripping system for your home-grown plants/vegetables.
Procedure to make simple self watering systems and it works without electricity:
- Take a plastic bottle with the opening closed with a cap.
- Put a hole on the cap.
- Place the bottle facing the cap side on the soil.
- Leave a hole on the other side to maintain pressure which helps the water flow towards bottom.
- Your automated dripping system is ready now.
In the same way, you can use 5 Litre can for making automatic bottle watering systems for more water needed vegetables.
- Take 5 liter or 10 liter can.
- Fill with water and close the top with the cap.
- Place the can near to the plant you supposed for watering.
- Take a safe pin with much thicker in size and make 3 holes at the bottom of the can.
- Open the cap of the can. Then it starts to water the plant the whole day.
All the time plant gets sufficient water.Especially We use this can watering for Tomato and cauliflower Plants that needs more water.
5. Aquaponic System:
Aquaponic system is a type of cultivation system where both aquatic animals like fish and plants are cultivated. Here rather than using soil as medium a hydroponic system is used where water from the aquarium is used by plants and circulated. This benefits both fish and the plants. Water from the fish tank includes the waste from the fish that is rich in nutrients required for a plants growth.For the oxidation, one electric motor is used. It absorbs oxygen from air and restores into the water.Nitrogen is very helpful for the plant growing and it is developed from the fish tank and absorbed by the plants.This process is explained in the above aquaponics diagram very well.
Happy watering system in Vegetable Gardening!
Which portion of this hub, you really love to read and you may think as very useful?
In this article, I here by attached 3 videos for understanding the working of automatic self Water Systems, How you can make Bottle Water systems by yourself to use of it and How the Aquaponics system works.