Minnesota (zones 2-4) Fruit Trees
Get In The Zone
Apples: Zones 3 to 4 and needs a pollinator. 'Cortland' has good quality, tender flesh and ripens in late August. 'Empire' is a high quality; 'McIntosh' is the most popular apple in Wisconsin; it ripens in mid-September.
Apricot: Needs a pollinator. Zone 4 winter hardy. The fruit is often lost to spring frost. The 'Harcot' has sweet firm flesh and is self-fruitful; it ripens in mid-July. 'Moongold' has a tough skin; it is good for processing or desserts. It ripens in mid-July. 'Sungold' has tender skin and a sweet mild flavor. It ripens in mid-to late July.
Blueberries: Zones 3 or 4. 'Northcountry' self-fruitful has sky-blue fruit on a small plant. 'St. Cloud' self-fruitful is a Minnesota introduction; it is the least hardy but has superior fruit. 'Northbluedak' blue fruit has good fall color. self-fruitful. ripens in July. 'NorthSky' is a small 10 to 20-inch plant with medium sky blue fruit, a good fall color, and better winter hardiness. It is self-fruitful. 'Friendship' is a University of Wisconsin introduction with sky blue fruit that ripens in July to August; it is self-fruitful.
Cherries, Sour: Zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Montmorency' is the standard tart cherry; it is moderate quality and ripens in mid-July. 'North star' is the hardiest with good quality fruit and leaf spot resistance, it ripens in mid-July. ''Meteor' is very hardy has large red fruit with yellow flesh and resists leaf spot. Harvest in late July.
Currants: Zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Wilder' is vigorous with red fruit; harvest begins in early July. 'Red Lake' is hardy and vigorous, producing large red fruit with mild flavor.
Elderberry: Zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Adams' has large fruit and vigorous growth; it ripens in early August. 'York' is more productive than 'Adams' and has large sweet fruit, an attractive plant. Ripens mid to late August.
Gooseberries: Zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Downing' is hardy and productive with good quality pale green fruit. 'Poorman is hardy, less thorny, and produces red fruit. 'Pixwell' is hardy and moderately productive with pink, mild flavored fruit.
Grapes: Zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Valiant' is a medium-sized tart blue grape it is hardy and ripens in mid-August. 'Beta' has small blue tart fruit which also ripens in mid-August. 'Fredonia' is a good quality grape for fresh use or for preserves; it is hardy and productive and ripens in early September. 'Edelweiss' is a 'White Swenson' with good flavor for fresh use; it is ready in early September. 'Red Swenson' produces red, high-quality fruit, it ripens in mid to late September
Peaches: Zone 4/self-fruitful. Peach crops are often lost to the spring frost. And the trees are short lived. 'Reliance' is one of the hardiest varieties.
Pears: Zones 3 to 4/needs pollinator. 'Parker' is a good quality but poor keeper, it ripens in mid-August. 'gourmet' is a very hardy dessert pear with crisp juicy fruit it ripens in mid-September. 'Luscious' is sweeter than 'Bartlet' and hardy; it ripens in late September.
Plums: Zones 3 to 4/some self-fruitful. 'Mount royal' is a good quality, blue plum for zones 4 and 5. It is self-fruitful and ripens in early September. 'Stanley' is a late blooming heavy producer that is sweet and moderately hardy. It is self-fruitful; plant with 'Mount Royal' for a better yield. 'Underwood' is a good quality red round plum; it is hardy, needs a pollinator, and ripens in mid-August. 'alderman' is a new introduction from the University of Minnesota. It has burgundy red fruit of excellent quality/needs a pollinator. Ripens in late August. 'Kaga' and 'Toka' are red plum pollinators.
Red Raspberries, summer-bearing: Zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Boyne' is vigorous and hardy with good quality fruit which ripens in late June. 'Reveille' has a very good flavor, tolerates fluctuating spring temperatures and is very winter hardy. 'Nordic' fruit is superior to 'Boyne' has fewer thorns and greater disease resistance. It is a cold hardy cultivar from Minnesota. 'Latham' is hardy and productive with a mild flavor.
Red Raspberries, fall-bearing best in zone 4/self-fruitful. 'Redwing' is a newer variety from Minnesota; it ripens in mid-August. 'Fallgold' is a yellow-fruited cultivar with good winter hardiness- ripens in late August.
Strawberries, June-bearing: Zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Earliglow' is an early season berry with good flavor and some disease resistance. 'Honeoye' is very productive and very hardy. 'Kent' produces a lot of large fruit with a mild flavor. 'Sparkle' is a high quality tasty berry and very hardy.
Strawberries, Everbearing: zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Ogallala' produces large quantities of soft fruit on vigorous, hardy, and drought-tolerant plants. 'Ozark Beauty' has good flavor, is winter hardy and has some disease resistance.
Strawberry, day-neutral; produces crop midsummer and fall: zones 3 to 4/self-fruitful. 'Tribute' has bright red, firm fruit and some disease resistance. 'Tristar' has sweet, firm fruit and works well in hanging baskets.
Special thanks to: Minnesota State Horticultural Society's Month-By-Month Gardening in Minnesota
Agency, Minnesota Pollution Control. Basins and Major Watersheds in Minnesota. n.d. Website https://www.pca.state.mn.us/quick-links/watershed-maps.
Brian, Susan. Minnesota Palm Trees. 24 July 2011. http://www.florida-palm-trees.com/minnesota-palm-trees/.
Myers, Melinda. "Minnesota Month by Month Gardening." Northern Gardener (unknown): unknown. Minnesota State Horticultural Society.