ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Integrated Pest Management for Greenhouse Flower Crops. Commonly called IPM.

Updated on August 15, 2014

Greenhouse crop being grown using IPM methods.

Source
Source

Integrated Pest Management for Greenhouse Flowering Crops.

Hi Gardening Friends.

In this hub I am going to explain how to use Integrated Pest Management in Flowering Crops. The definition of IPM. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an approach to managing pests by using appropriate physical, cultural, biological, and chemical tactics that are safe, profitable, and enviromentally compatible. One of the tactics including in IPM is using biocontrols-enlisting predators, parasites or pathogens of pest organisms to help manage the pests. IPM allows growers to use fewer chemical pesticides and still produce a quality product.

Historical account of european biocontrol. Most past successes in greenhouse biocontrols have occurred in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom,mainly because at one time these two countries contained more than half of the world's greenhouse vegetables acreage. In the late 1960's, cucumber grower Jan Koppert cautiously started experimenting with predatory mites to control red spider mites. The success of these experiments laid the foundations for biological crop protection. Koppert is currently the international market leader in biological greenhouse crop protection. Large-scale production of natural enemies such as Encarsia formosa and Aphidius colemani takes place in the main facility located, in the Netherlands. In addition to Koppert, several other large producers include Biobest ( Belgium), a leader in bumble bee pollination and biocontrol production; Syngenta bioline (England and California); and Applied Bio-Nomics Ltd., Canada's largest producer of biocontrols.



Biocontrols using Integrated Pest Management. IPM. Getting started with Greenhouse IPM.

I love growing plants using integrated pest management.

5 stars for I love growing plants using integrated pest management.

Which are the most common pest on your sticky cards?

Which is the most common pest on your sticky cards?

See results

Flowering Crops grown in a greenhouse using IPM system.

Table full of zonal geraniums being grown using Integrated Pest Management.
Table full of zonal geraniums being grown using Integrated Pest Management. | Source
Pink flowering zonal geraniums using Integrated pest management in the greenhouse operation.
Pink flowering zonal geraniums using Integrated pest management in the greenhouse operation. | Source

© 2014 Dennis Hoyman

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)