What Consumers Need to Know About Bed Bug Pesticide Resistance
Know Which Active Ingredient Works Where You Live
Whether you are using a professional or taking a DIY approach, consumers must know what pesticide works where they live. In the United States, the EPA requires pesticide to fall into one of seven chemical classes. Anyone who wants to manufacture bed bug products needs to prove themselves to earn the right to sell their product on the market.
These important regulations help consumers understand why active ingredients matter. The big problem is that bed bugs acquire pesticide resistance. Purchasing tends to preempt research in our shop now, buy now society. When it comes to these hair-raising insects, my personal experience tells me that patience is the best route to success.
Don't select a professional exterminator or choose a pesticide before you know which pesticides still work where you live. Not knowing this one piece of information can mean the difference between extermination and infestation. If you choose to go with an exterminator, look for exemplifications that emphasize their understanding of pesticide resistance in bed bugs.
You might be wondering how to get real facts about which pesticides work and don't work where you live. This information is scattered and disorganized across the web. Not to mention often inaccurate, and therefore dangerous in cases of bed bug infestation. To find out which pesticides won't work where you live, you need to contact a local public health organization.
Public heath organizations that provide education and information to locals:
- The Center for Disease Control - This national public health agency is administered on a state and county level. Call your local CDC for accurate local statistics and information.
- The United States Environmental Protection Agency decides when a pesticide meets regulations. They keep data about product usage in the U.S.
- Department of Health - The department of health has an agency present in each state. Their main responsibility is to promote good health. They provide educational bed bug information.
Mutations and Resistance
Researchers put copious amounts of effort researching bed bug mutations. These mutations describe stages of pesticide resistance in bed bugs. Genetic variation allows the next generation to adapt to the pesticides used on the previous generation.
Factors that contribute to pesticide resistance:
- Decreased susceptibility
- Common ancestors
- Previous pesticide usage
- Genetic variation
- Single gene locus with 2 alleles
- Chain reaction increasing immunity
Bed bug life cycles change with the temperature. Bed bug reproduction is optimal between 70 and 90 degree F. Under those circumstances, it may only take 10-12 weeks to birth the next generation. With each generation, the resistance becomes stronger.
If you find a pesticide that works, and then doesn't, then it is time to switch to a different product. Over time consumers may need to rotate pesticides based of-of active ingredient. Consumers must also understand that pesticides alone won't stop bed bugs. There must be an entire treatment and prevention plan. This is why professional exterminators are recommended for bed bug infestations.
Bed Bug Spray Products
Hot Shot Bed Bug
Imidacloprid and Cyfluthrin
Neonicotinoid and pyrethroid
Destroys Central Nervous System
$60 USD for 8.12 Fluid Ounces
$40 USD for 1 pint concentrate
$15 - $20 per gallon
$40 USD per 3/4 Gallon
Makes 13-25 gallons
Makes 12-16 gallons
Makes 8-24 gallons
Selection Run Down
Hot Shot Spray and Fogger
Squeeze Handle and Fogger
Srpay and fogger must be used together. Kills on contact.
Highly Flammable. Can cause skin irritation. Fogger hazerdous to people and animals.
Stand alone sprayer (sold separately
Kills nearly all bugs includind bed bugs. Can be sprayed on mattresses. Invisible, non-oily film- lasts 3 months.
Safe enough to use in food handling areas and on mattresses. May cause skin irritation if skin comes in contact while still wet.
Best Yet Bed Bug Spray
Food grade Red Cedar Oil and melted Quartz rock. Kills on contact and eggs.
Safe for humans and animals
Essentria C3 Concentrate
Stand alone sprayer (sold separately)
Uses natural oils, short term protection, but can be sprayed often.
Organic, safe for humans and pets.
Bed Bug Patrol
Stand alone sprayer or squeeze handle
All natural, kills on contact, kills eggs
Chemical free, organic, safe for humans and pets.
Stand along sprayer all in one bottle
Liquid deltemethrin base, kills on contact, kills residually for 30 days
Caution in homes with children and pets, allow to dry before entering area
Buying online can be difficult because there is so much misinformation on the web.
Some information about bed bug spray could be incorrect due to the use of persuasive writing to get you to buy their products. Don't fall for the hype.
Everyone wants you to buy their product; however, the cost of price per gallon can range from $3.50 to $100 a gallon.
Thoroughly research each spray before you make a decision. The general rule is a gallon for every 1000 square feet. In the $100 per gallon, it could get pricey.
I recomend buying presticides from Amazon, but remember you are not always purchasing the product directly from them.
Amazon provides a platform which brings buyers and sellers together. This creates benefits for both the buyer and the seller. This benefits consumers because Amazon requres profesional behavior from their sellers.
To assure customers are satisfied, there are certain rules and regulations that sellers are required to follow. Vendors need to maintain a positive reputation, so are more likely to sell quality bed bug products at competitive prices.
One con with purchasing bed bug spray on Amazon, as of now, is that the bed bug categories are still in a formulation period. This means it is difficult to find certain products unless you have a link or know the name of it.
Amazon has it categorized pesticides under Lawn and Patio 7 out of 10 times. That seems pretty odd considering that some products are formulated for indoor use.
In the same respect, if you do find a product you might like you can read user reviews to see how real people feel about their purchase. When you purchase a bed bug spray product on Amazon, you will be sent an email sometime later. This gives you enough time to receive, and use, the product.
It is a good idea to respond to this email and provide your experience. In this way, Amazon has some of the best bed bug spray reviews on the net.
Shopping for Pesticides
Many people prefer to buy pesticide in person. There is something comforting about having employees on hand to answer questions you might have. Most hardware stores sell at least a few types of bed bug sprays.
You are less likely to find concentrated bed bug pesticides in-person. They usually carry some form of desiccant, such as Diatomaceous Earth. There are 300 EPA approved products on the market. In person, you will only see a small percentage of that.
Hot Shot and Raid products are easy to find in hardware stores. You can also buy one-gallon sprayers for concentrated pesticides at hardware stores. Don't be afraid to compare buying pesticides online versus in-person.
Stores that sell bed bug pesticides:
- The Home Depot
- True Value
- Ace Hardware
- Lehman's Hardware
- True Value
What do you think?
Where would you rather buy bed bug spray?
The Hardest Part
Congratulations, if you made it this far then you are closer to eradicating your bed bug infestation. Now comes the hard part, you must choose which pesticide to try and decide where to buy it.
This is a semi-permanent choice, you won't be able to spray again until after a waiting period. Some people get tempted in increase frequency of sprays. Do not do this! Even if it is legal for you to do your own extermination, you should never ignore safety issues.
Once you choose a pesticide, be prepared to spend an extensive amount of time reading the instructions. Be prepared, the print is usually very small. Taking the time to fully understand the plan is the only way to be successful defeating blood sucking bandits.