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How to Use Files as a Hand Tool? Proper Ways and Skills in Using Files when Doing Woodworks

Updated on June 13, 2014
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Files is also considered as a cutting tool, and like other cutting tools it must be handled with care, it must be properly kept to maintain its sharpness and fineness to give a satisfactory work. And after using it, we must not just throw it anywhere to prevent cutting edges from getting broken. Hanging files on a hook or a rack is essential when we are not using it.

There are several sizes and types of files. Each classification depends on sizes, kind of teeth, shape, use and the degree of thinness and roughness. In size, the length is subtracted to the tang as designated. A single cut file is a kind of chisel with one series of chisel like teeth that runs at an angle across the face.

  • A single cut file is a kind of chisel with one series of chisel like teeth that runs at an angle across the face.
  • A double cut file has a second series crossing the first at an angle.
  • A rasp file contains raised points on the surface

When talking about the shapes of files, it can be flat, square, round, half round and triangular. And named according to their uses as “auger bit” made up of double-cut and “mill” file is made of a single cut.

Thinness and roughness of files is chosen by following series of trem, they are arranged accordingly by coarsest, rough, coarse, bastard, second cut, smooth and dead-smooth. In sharpening scrapers, augers, saw and dowel bits files is used by a wood worker. Files are also used in making curves in a piece of wood and other parts were other cutting tools cannot be used.

 
Parts of Files
 
 
Tang
 
 
Heel
 
 
Cutting Edges
 
 
Belly
 
 
Point
 

Flat, half-round, square and triangular are the most commonly used in woodworking. Usual file use for wood is half-round rasp; it is an extra yard with points that split woods quicker but rougher than the common file.

Files are created to cut in a forward strokes, for putting pressure on the back stroke will blunt files. It is also required to clean and maintain the sharpness of files to maintain its efficiency in cutting wood or metal and when cleaning a file, a file card is used.

Reference: Basic WoodWorking by Arsenio J. Galauran

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