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African Flowers

Updated on April 30, 2013

Flowers as varied as the African continent itself

Africa is a continent of many contrasts. You have many miles of coast. Mountainous regions in the south. Arid deserts in the north. Sub-Saharan rain forests. Freshwater lakes and rivers. Island nations such as Madagascar (with its vanilla orchids!). All of these different soils and precipitations produce vastly differing blooms.

Although not many African nations have national flowers, they are one of the world's leading exporters of cut flowers. South Africa is responsible for many of the flowering bulbs planted in gardens across the globe. Tourists flock to areas like Namaqualand to view its stunning natural landscapes, littered with flowers.

Explore Africa's fascinating world of flowers.

Yummy Namaqualand Flowers! - A giant slug's dinner

Although this isn't strictly about flowers, here is a flower lover in Namaqualand: a giant slug. The flowers you are viewing are about 1" long. The slugs get to be about the size of an adult's hand.

National Flowers of Africa

Most African nations do not have a national flower. I researched all of them and this is what I came up with.

Egypt - Lotus

Ethiopia - Calla Lily

Kenya - Tropical Orchid (Not Officially Recognized)

Lesotho - Aloe Vera

Liberia - Pepper

Libya - Pomegranate Blossom

Madagascar - Poinciana

South Africa - King Protea

Tunisia - Jasmine

Zambia - Bougainvillea

Zimbabwe - Flame Lily

The King Protea

Protea Book: A Guide to Cultivated Proteaceae
Protea Book: A Guide to Cultivated Proteaceae

Love looking at and learning about the King Protea flower? This book is for you.


South African Wildflowers - The Botanical Garden at Table Mountain, Capetown and wildflowers on the Southern Coast

View a pictorial slideshow of the flowers of South Africa. Shots are taken of wildflowers along South Africa's coast and also from the Table Mountain Botanical Garden in Capetown.

South African Plants

A flickr group devoted to the plants of South Africa

As of July 2010, the Plants of South Africa Group on flickr has 113 members with 1,251 items uploaded to it.

Lithops Aucampiae

Stapelia Hirsuta

African Violets - Grow your own at home.

The 'African Violet' is native to the Nguru Mountains in Tanzania.

Bioko is a "pretty flower"

Portuguese explorer, Fernando Po (Fernao do Poo) is credited with discovering Bioko Island in 1471. He called it Formosa ("pretty flower"), however, it quickly took on his name, Bioko.

South African Flower Bulbs - Buy them to plant in your garden

This selection of YouTube videos from South African Flower Bulbs features: Sparaxis "Harlequin" flowers, Oxalis ground covers, Crocosmia (Montbreesia), Eucomis (Pineapple Lillies), Nerine, Amaryllis Belladonna (Naked Ladies), Agapanthas (Lily of the Nile), Tritonia and Babiana (Baboon Flower).

Information that rings true for most of these bulbs is that you plant them with the crown pointing up, usually in a triangle of three bulbs (spaced 6" apart). If you're doubtful as to which direction to plant them, plant them sideways. Most will remain hardy year after year, but sometimes you should place a container in the garage during cold winter weather as an added protection.

Books on How To Use And / Or Identify South African Flowers for the Garden

Getting the word out online about your own area of expertise.

Focus on it with a Squidoo lens.

Sign up at Squidoo and make your own lens! Do you have some knowledge about flowers or anything else that you'd like to share? Sign up at Squidoo, make your own lens and be sure to let me know. I'll pop by and have a look!

Do you have a favorite African flower? Is it South Africa's King Protea or Egypt's Lotus Flower? Did you enjoy visiting this lens? Do you plant South African bulbs in your garden? Have you visited Namaqualand? Shout about it here!

Contact Laura Schofield

*If you would like to suggest any links or have your own photos and / or stories published, please send me an email. I can be contacted through my personal homepage, If you enjoy the work I've done here, I do offer professional copy writing, photo restoration / manipulation, search engine optimization and web design services. I can again be contacted for any of these services through my website.

What do you think of African Flowers? - What's your favorite?

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    • ccsonian profile image


      6 years ago

      I am partial to the King Protea due to the fact I am married to a South African. :)

    • LynetteBell profile image


      6 years ago from Christchurch, New Zealand

      Nice lens. I am working on a lens for the flame lily and will include a link to your lens:)

    • desa999 lm profile image

      desa999 lm 

      6 years ago

      Never realised the variety of African flowers. Thanks for sharing.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Very nice and informative lens!

    • dahlia369 profile image


      7 years ago

      Beautiful flowers and great lens. Perfect reading for this rainy Sunday afternoon. Blessed! :)

    • Shades-of-truth profile image

      Emily Tack 

      8 years ago from USA

      I loved the slug - ugh! That iris - gorgeous, and the red ones in the video...really odd. I really enjoyed this lens, especially all of the photos. 5*s definitely.

    • Kate Phizackerl1 profile image

      Kate Phizackerl1 

      8 years ago

      The National Flowers section takes this lens above 5* for me- Blessed

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Don't we live on a beauty-filled planet! I love this lens~ have Fav'd it.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Beautiful photos. I remember being given some proteas once, they are fascinating flowers.

    • Heather426 profile image

      Heather Burns 

      9 years ago from Wexford, Ireland

      Beautiful and informative lens! Thanks for making it!5*


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