Plants for an Autumn Garden
Hardy Perennial Fuchsia
As Part of Your Spring Planting, Choose Seasonal Plants With an Autumn Interest For Your Garden
Imagine This Scenario:
Summer is on its way out and the nights are getting shorter and darker. The Autumn leaves are still on the trees, but in a month or two they'll be gone. The garden which looked so lush in spring and summer can start to look a bit bare and tatty in Autumn.
But it Doesn't Need to be Like That
If you would like to learn how to make your garden beautiful all year round, read this web page, which shows you photographs and descriptions of easy-to-grow plants which are at their best in Autumn, either because they are late bloomers, or because their leaves change to bright colours in Autumn, or they have attractive berries, or evergreen leaves with a shapely appearance.
With a little forethought you can plan to get some good Autumn colour and shapes in in your garden.
Look at the sbove fuschia, which flowers from late summer to early winter, and you can see how good the right seasonal plants can look, even if there are not so many flowering plants in Autumn.
Here Are Some Plants Which Flourish in Autumn or Fall
The plants below all flower, or bare berries or bright leaves in Autumn
Pink Anemone Japonica
Japanese Anemone (Anemone Japonica)
Pink or white Japanese anemone (Anemone Japonica) -
They have very attractive foliage from Spring onwards.
Japanese Anemones keep flowering from August until about November or even December - they have quite a long flowering season.
They are perennial (which means they flower every year), and sometimes take a while to get started, but, once established, Japanese Anemones are vigorous growers, and spread quickly. After a year or two, you may need to control them or they will take over a larger area of your garden border than intended.
Ice Plants (Sedum) Have a Long Flowering Season
Succulent leaves of Sedum give year-round interest
Ice Plants (sedum) grow to about 2 ft high. They have a profusion of lacy pink flower heads which come out in late August and last until late November. The flower heads then turn brown but still look quite pretty, and, to give winter interest, you could keep them till Spring,
The leaves are fleshy, succulent and evergreen, so this is a very useful plant.
I have the English version of this, and I call it my gardening bible, because it is so useful to be able to look up plants to choose the right colour scheme, season, size or habitat, and just leafing through the colourful pages will give you pleasure
Cotoneaster Has Red Berries
Cotoneaster is Evergreen and has all year round interest
This woody shrub is often seen fanned out against a wall. It has evergreen small shiny leaves which turn red in autumn, rather inconspicuous little pink and white flowers in early summer, followed by a profusion of red berries which last through most of the year.
They provide food for birds and squirrels.
They can spread quite high (about 10 ft. and about 10ft wide), and little plants often grow up from the seeds of the berries which have dropped nearby.
Pernettya is a Shrub which has white berries in Autumn
Pernettya has little pink and white flowers in Spring and early summer
This is what it looks like in early October, with lots of luscious fat white berries.
Pernettya is another shrub which takes a while to get established, and then starts to spread vigorously by seeding itself and also by spreading roots.
Geraniums and Pelargoniums
Geraniums and Pelargoniums have a very long flowering period, from about June to December, in the right conditions
Pelargoniums are often incorrectly described as Geraniums, but although they are all part of the same family, the ones you see in the photo below are actually pelargoniums.
The leaves of the pelargonium are quite ornamental, and even when the flowers are less prolific, the leaves give a good show.
And, in a reasonably protected porch, they will often flower until the end of November or even December. They hate frost, which kills them off very quickly, so it is best to bring them indoors.
This photograph was taken in June, and there may not be so many flowers later in the year, but they certainly don't die off completely.
In London, where I live, we had an unusually mild winter, and the plants continued to flower until the temperature sank below freezing in March 2018.
Pelargoniums in the Porch
Beautiful leaves turn red in Autumn
Virginia Creeper is a very vigorous climber. It can grow 20 feet in a year.
The leaves start off green, and as Autumn approaches, they turn an almost luminous brilliant red, lighting up the area of the garden where they are growing.
But remember that you will need to keep it under control by pruning it back, or it will cover windows, roofs, drainpipes and anything in its way.
Holly has red berries through autumn and winter
Also known as Ilex
There are numerous types of Holly.
The leaves are shiny and evergreen, which gives year-round interest, and it bears red berries in autumn and winter, which birds love.
The leaves are very firm and sharp, so be careful.
At Christmas you can cut a few stems to use for decorations or a Christmas wreath.
Holly or Ilex
Bergenia (Elephants' Ears)
Bergenia has large evergreen leaves
Bergenia is another of those very useful plants which has big ornamental leaves which turn partially rusty red sometimes. They are evergreen.
They flower in late spring to early summer, for about three months.
The photograph to the right shows them in early summer.
Bergenia, also known as Elephant's Ears
Fuschia flowers late in the year - It continues to flower until the weather is freezing
Here is my Garden in October - Full of Colour - Bergenia, Wychhazel, Ice plant and Castor Oil Plant
On the left foreground is Bergenia, Castor Oil Plant is behind the bergenia, and Ice Plants in the flower bed with wychhazel in the right foreground
Roses will sometimes flower throughout Summer until November, or even December, if the weather is not too cold, and some of them have ornamental hips. The leaves are evergreen
Buddleia, also know as the butterfly plant, is a very beautiful shrub - Buddleia is a vigorous grower and comes in a few different varieties
This is my buddleia - no matter how much I chop it back to stop it spreading too wide, it comes back every year and attracts butterflies and bees, who love its sweet smell.
If you cut back the dead flowers, it goes on producing new flowers well into autumn.
Choose plants which have some interesting feature in autumn:
Colourful or evergreen leaves,
Attractive seed heads, and
Stems which look good even when their leaves drop