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Plants That Eat Bugs: Growing Carnivorous Plants

Updated on November 13, 2015
Plants That Eat Bugs
Plants That Eat Bugs

An Intro To Growing Carnivorous Plants

Plants That Eat Bugs: Carnivorous plants appeal to hobbyists and aficionados for their interesting foliage and their unusual methods of extracting nourishment from the environment. Unlike plants with roots systems that thread through the soil in search of nutrients, carnivorous plants make their living on a diet of bugs.

Adapted to living in sunny bogs and swamps with moist and humid environments, carnivorous plants thrive in nutrient poor soils where insects are plentiful. The leaves of carnivorous plants evolved into specialized insect traps for luring and capturing live prey - and then digesting their unfortunate victims to absorb the nutrition needed for survival.

Some plants specialize in attracting insects with sweet scents, targeting butterflies, moths and ants. Other types of carnivorous plants feed on flies, spiders and a variety of small bugs.

There are over 600 species of carnivorous plants found around the globe, though many are critically endangered from habitat destruction and over-harvesting from zealous collectors. Fortunately, carnivorous plants are easy to propagate and a wide variety of cultivated species are available for sale from reputable dealers and nurseries.

Plants That Eat Bugs Photo by the Author

Growing Carnivorous Plants

Venus Fly Trap showing trigger hairs
Venus Fly Trap showing trigger hairs

The Plants That Eat Bugs!

Caring for carnivorous plants requires providing sunshine and a moist environment. Many species of these interesting bug eaters such as sundews and butterworts occur naturally in tropical or subtropical regions. Others, including the familiar Venus Fly Trap, live in more temperate regions. The hardy Pitcher plant thrives in northern areas, enduring cold winters of snow and ice through periods of dormancy.

In areas where the winters are mild, carnivorous plants can be grown successfully outdoors in specially prepared bogs. But for many enthusiasts, using containers makes it easier to grow plants in a sunny garden spot or on a deck during the warm summer months. Then as the cool fall approaches, simply move warm loving plants indoors to a sunny windowsill.

Some species of bug eating plants such as Venus Fly Traps and pitcher plants require periods of dormancy during the winter months; move these plants to cool location where the temperature remains between 45 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit and allow the plant to rest. After a few months and as spring approaches, move the plant back to its sunny location.

For beginning hobbyists, try setting up a terrarium. A variety of cultivated tropical and subtropical carnivorous plants will grow and thrive in a properly prepared terrarium.

Provide a Light Source

Carnivorous plants need a consistent source of light, either natural or artificial, but do not leave a terrarium in direct sunlight. The light intensifies quickly and creates heat within the closed environment of a glass terrarium, and the increased heat can burn and kill the plants.

Different species of carnivorous plants have different light requirements, and adjusting the lighting intensity may be necessary to encourage healthy growth. Most plants will thrive under bright but indirect sunlight, or under a fluorescent light source designed for growing plants indoors.

Preparing the Terrarium

Things You Need:

  • Terrarium
  • Gravel
  • Sphagnum moss
  • Coarse sand

Cultivated Carnivorous PlantsCarnivorous plants extract nourishment from their captured victims rather then absorbing nutrients from the soil, and they will not survive in standard potting soil.

To make a terrarium for carnivorous plants, start by spreading a layer of gravel over the bottom of the container. The gravel layer allows the soil to drain while keeping the environment within the terrarium moist and humid.

Make the specialized soil mixture by combining two parts of sphagnum moss with one part of coarse sand. Thoroughly moisten the mixture before spreading the soil on top of the gravel, and then add the plants.

When watering the plants, use rainwater or distilled water (available from supermarkets and drug stores). Tap water and even bottled water is often too high in minerals and contains other additives that can be toxic to carnivorous plants.

Water around the base of the plants and avoid splashing water on the leaves. In the environment of a terrarium, water droplets do not dry quickly from the surface of the leaves and can encourage fungus and diseases. Keep the terrarium moist and the humidity high but leave the top of the terrarium open to encourage air movement and of course, to allow flies and other small insects to visit. Sealing the top of the terrarium can cause mildew.

If growing carnivorous plants in pots, the Tray Method works well. Simply place the pot into a shallow tray, and add water to the tray. The plants will absorb water through the drainage holes of the pot.

Carnivorous plants grow in nutrient poor soils. They get nourishment by capturing and digesting bugs

Carnivorous Plants vs Herbivorous Insects - The Bugs Don't Stand A Chance

How do you feel about plants that eat bugs?

How do you feel about plants that eat bugs?

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The Savage Garden

The Savage Garden: Cultivating Carnivorous Plants
The Savage Garden: Cultivating Carnivorous Plants

Considered by many hobbyists as the ultimate guide on growing and caring for carnivorous plants.

 

Please Do Not Collect Carnivorous Plants from the Wild

Many are rare and endangered, and most states have laws to protect their native carnivorous plants.

Buy cultivated carnivorous plants from reputable nurseries and specialty dealers.

Understanding Carnivorous Plants - by Wes Major

Learn how to care for carnivorous plants like the Venus Fly Trap in this short video.

Venus Fly Trap
Venus Fly Trap

Venus Flytraps

(Dionaea muscipula)

Perhaps the most recognizable plant that eats bugs is the Venus Fly Trap. Lined with hair-like triggers, the pads of the Venus Fly Trap spring shut to trap ants, flies and other small insect prey. The pads cannot reach out to capture prey, but lie in wait for an unsuspecting bug to crawl across the pad in their own search for food. The insect brushes against the hairs, triggering the fly trap's pads to snap shut around its meal. After digesting its meal, the pads then dies back and should be removed.

At the end of the annual growing season, move the Venus Fly trap into a cool environment where the leaves and pads die back as the plant enters into its dormancy stage. Venus Fly Trap plants that are kept in a warm environment all year round will not go dormant, and will grow weak and spindly over time.

Though inexpensive and commonly available, the Venus Fly Trap can be a challenging plant for beginning hobbyists to grow due to its dormancy requirements, or should be grown as Annuals.

Photo by the Author

Do Not Feed Hamburger or Raw Meat to Carnivorous Plants

Venus Flytrap Eats a Spider

Sundew Plants

(Drosera species)

Resembling tiny pincushions, Sundew plants have spiky tentacles that extend out from the plant. A sticky drop of gel forms at the tip of each spike, and these little droplets gives the appearance to the plant of the morning dew glistening in the sunshine. The gel-like substance emits a sweet fragrance, attracting flies and other small insects to investigate. The unfortunate bugs that land among the sweet-smelling spikes in search of the food source quickly becomes stuck as if trapped by flypaper. As the Sundew's tentacles slowly embrace the captive critter, the hungry insect becomes the meal.

There are many varieties of Sundew plants available in a variety of shapes and colors. Most are from humid, tropical areas and will thrive in a properly prepared terrarium.

Pitcher Plants

Northern Pitcher Plant
Northern Pitcher Plant

Pitcher Plants

(Sarracenia species)

These interesting plants hold a watery reservoir at the bottom of their vase-shaped leaves that forms a pitfall trap. The insides of the leaves are lined with downward pointing hairs, making it difficult for a captured bug to climb back out of the plant after being lured into it by the fragrance of the sweet liquid at the bottom of the pitfall trap.

The unlucky bug quickly tires out and then falls down into the water to drown, and the Pitcher plant slowly consumes its meal.

Photos and Diagrams by the Author

Tell Us About Your Experience with Carnivorous Plants

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    • paulahite profile image

      Paula Hite 3 years ago from Virginia

      Love your lens! It's been featured on out Facebook page today! Come and check it out!"The Green Thumb: A Place For Gardeners To Gather"

    • Snakesmum profile image

      Jean DAndrea 4 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Fascinating lens. Although I haven't had success with venus fly traps in the past, I'd like to try again. Blessed

    • MBurgess profile image

      Maria Burgess 4 years ago from Las Vegas, Nevada

      These are great plants. I have seen Sun Dew plants in Florida and Pitcher plants in South Carolina. They are very fascinating little monsters! Great lens!

    • RationalHedonist profile image

      RationalHedonist 5 years ago

      Informative! My flytrap is beginning "winter mode", and starting to have smaller traps. My favorites are the sundews and pitcher plants.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Carnivorous plants are very interesting...not sure if I would be ready to try growing one anytime soon though. They make me think of the recent "Journey to the Center of the Earth" movie where the plants are attacking them!

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Yup, was in the neighborhood and stopped to see the Venus Fly Trap eat that spider!

    • Einar A profile image

      Einar A 5 years ago

      Very interesting plants indeed! I've never tried growing any, but have seen Jack in the Pulpit in the wild.

    • Diana Wenzel profile image

      Renaissance Woman 5 years ago from Colorado

      Fascinating. I remember my uncle had a Venus fly trap plant when I was a child. It's the type of thing that sticks with you. There is just something mesmerizing about a carnivorous plant. I've always loved terrariums. Wouldn't mind caring for a few of these unusual plants, especially if they promise to keep my fly population under control. Thanks for another excellent article. *Blessed*

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 5 years ago from Canada

      My daughter chose Spike as the name for the Venus flytrap plant that I bought her. I love the carnivorous plants and think they are a great gift choice for college students who tend to have a rather warped sense of humor at the best of times.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Just had to stop back and watch that Venus Fly Trap dine once again!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      I was surprised how quickly the venus fly trap closed up on the spider in the video, he didn't even know he was in trouble until it was too late. Another fascinating lens. Its interesting that carnivorous plants can be grown successfully in poor soil since they don't rely upon the soil but there insect food for nutrients...and no raw meat for them!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Beautiful lens and nice handy tips for growing these carnivores!