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How much do you know About Roses?

Updated on October 11, 2016

Beauty of a Red Rose

Where did the rose originate from?

The rose is, according to fossil evidence, 35 million years old.

The name "rose" comes from French.

The rose is a type of flowering shrub. Its comes from the Latin word Rosa

Trying to find the true "the name rose was french" in one search, in another " Rose Latin" Is it the same place?

I came up with this; (The french culture is, like Spanish, Italian or Portuguese, a latin culture). Are French Latin?

When researching, it said; The name rose, or rosa, is derived from a Celtic word rhod, meaning red.

From the Greek word rhodon - a rose tree.

I'm a bit confused maybe someone reading this can leave a comment at the end of this article about "where the word rose came from the french or the greek".

In New Zealand, the first roses were introduced by European settlers about 1836 there were hedges appearing that had been grown from seeds, like 'Sweet Briar'. 'Dog Rose' . and the China rose, red and pink which is still popular in most gardens as shrubs.

Ornamental roses have been cultivated for millennia, with the earliest known cultivation to date from at least 500 BC in Mediterranean countries, Persia, and China.

Roses have been symbols of love, beauty, war, and politics

This 'Tuscany Superb' rose cultivar was discovered in 1837.

Hundreds of years ago, the roses in people's gardens looked different from most roses grown today.
Hundreds of years ago, the roses in people's gardens looked different from most roses grown today. | Source

Happiness is a Rose Gardener

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History of Roses

5 Uses for Roses

Cut Flowers - Generally they are harvested and cut when in bud, and held in refrigerated conditions until ready for display at their point of sale.

Perfume - Rose perfumes are made from rose oil, which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses.

Food and Drink - Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content.

Medicine - Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine. This and other species have been used for stomach problems, and are being investigated for controlling cancer growth.

Art - Roses are a favored subject in art and appear in portraits, illustrations, on stamps, as ornaments or as architectural elements.

Rosa Rubiginosa Hips


Types of Roses

There are many types of roses in various forms, this is a few of them, the modern day breeding of roses are changing and bringing in new varieties every day.

Hybrid Teas are by far the most popular type, representing about 75% of the roses grown, they have large blooms in the spring, summer and autumn, are single or in small clusters.

Floribunda (Latin for "many-flowering") is a modern group of garden roses that was developed by crossing hybrid teas with polyantha roses,it is a rose that features a large cluster of smaller blooms, some of which are of classic hybrid tea form, while others are single or semi-double, with up to twelve or more florets on the flower head.

They are used extensively for massed beds and low hedges, also suitable for cut flowers.

Climbing Rose - They produce long willowy canes tat may be trained to cover a feature wall, trellis, archways or even unsightly fences or sheds.

Shrub Roses - These bushy cultivars are hybrids between a strong bush rose and a climber. Single or double flowers bloom continually throughout the rose season.

Weeping Standards - They are up to 2 meters in height, the flowering canes drop down almost to the ground creating an impressive spring display.

Standard Roses - They are usually a hybrid tea or floribunda variety which have been budded into the top of a tall stock stem, usually up to a meter in high.

Miniature Rose Bush - Sometimes called "Fairy Rose" they have been bred to almost a dwarf size 6-12 inches in height and width, they are remarkably hardy and easy to grow. Because of their small size they are suitable for a rock garden or as a border to a rose garden or planted in a flower box, or as a houseplant on a window ledge.

The majority of ornamental roses are hybrids that were bred for their flowers.

Rosa Else Poulsen 1924 - an early Floribunda cultivar


Perfume Roses

For hundreds of years the rose has been cherished for its beauty, form and fragrance inspiring gardeners everywhere.

Roses are relaxing and even entertaining, (have ever stopped and looked at a perfect rose and admired its perfection)? there is nothing nicer than the subtle perfume of the rose.

Have you ever wonder how it keeps its perfume year are year and wonder if you changed the way you feed them, would the smell change?

Rosa Angel Face - Floribunda Rose


Rosa Angel Face - Floribunda Rose flowers are an unusual lavender-blue.

They are heavy bloomers, and you will be rewarded with repeat waves of blooms as you remove the spent blooms

It is a good rose to use as a cut flower, both for its beauty and its deep fragrance.

Tip for the best scent, cut stems just as the bud opens and keep in cool water in a dark room for a few hours. Recut at an angle.

The short, dense form of flowers, makes it an excellent choice for a border or low hedge, or in front of a mixed shrub border, where it will receive an abundance of morning sunlight, but will be protected from the hot afternoon sun, especially in mid-summer.

For continued flowering, fertilize them, at least, three times a year, keep well watered.

Prune in late winter, to reduce the bush to about one-third to encourage new growth, fertilize established roses when the leaf growth starts to appear.

Mini Rose Care

Tips - Rose Diseases

Powdery Mildew - The first signs of this disease are the appearance of white or grayish white spots on the young leaves and stems. These spread rapidly and very soon affect leaves stem and the buds, giving them the appearance of being dusted with powder.

Black Spot - A virulent rose disease if not checked, this is particularly rifle in humid, atmosphere and high temperatures. It appears as random black or purplish-brown spots on the upper surface of the almost fully grown leaflets which eventually yellow and drop.

Rust - The fungi has several forms will unless checked defoliate a bush. The rust spore roots enter into the leaf structure itself. The first visible stage occurs as small rust-colored pustule like swellings on the under surface of the leaves

The rose will need spraying. It is wise to collect and destroy the fallen leaflets, it will help to reduce the incidence of these diseases.


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    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 5 months ago from New Zealand

      Thanks for commenting, Roses are very rewarding, but they do require a little love and kind thought's, I do talk to mine, not saying that's what you should do.

      All the best for your future rose growing. Cheers!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 5 months ago from New Delhi, India

      A very beautiful hub about the beautiful Rose flower. Who doesn't love Roses! But it needs lot of care and patience to grow them . I have tried it several times but haven't been very successful. May be because I have to grow them in pots .

      I enjoyed going through your informative and interesting hub and lovely pictures.

      Thanks for sharing this excellent hub!

    • SusanDeppner profile image

      Susan Deppner 15 months ago from Arkansas USA

      Right now we have several roses blooming on our two bushes, but the bushes are rather scraggly and could use some help. Guess it's time to fertilize. I'm not much of a gardener, but I do know a beautiful flower when I see one! Love the photos you've included, Elsie!

    • favored profile image

      Fay Favored 15 months ago from USA

      Over the weekend I gave our large knock-out bush a radical haircut ... my husband was so surprised to see I chopped it back so much. Usually I trim them back in November, but didn't get a chance to because of his health. So, I had to wait. Hoping they'll be back in bloom by mid-summer.

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 18 months ago from New Zealand

      Roses are one of my faverite flowers also, I haven't had much luck with them where I'm living now on the farm, two many pests eating them.

      Will be moving to live in town before winter in NZ, so will be shifting what I have left, hopfully next season I will have a blooming results from them.

    • profile image

      Surabhi Kaura 18 months ago

      Whoa! This was a great read, Elsie! Roses are my favt. :)

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 20 months ago from New Zealand

      karasiwa: Appreciate you time in viewing my article about roses. I'm looking for more to add to this, will certainly do more study about the properties that help your skin and our emotions, this will be a very interesting study. Thanks, have a happy Christmas, all the best for 2016.

    • karasiwa profile image

      shakeel ahmed 20 months ago from karachi

      Roses are not only beautiful and seductive, also have properties that help your skin and our emotions : ))

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 20 months ago from New Zealand

      aesta1: Yes, definitely one of my favourite flowers. have a vase of them on my table now, the perfume fills the air, so pretty to look at.

      I haven't put any in my bedroom yet, maybe a nice idea in the daytime, I don't think my husband would like them in the room at night.

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 20 months ago from Ontario, Canada

      Roses are some of my favourite flowers. I stayed in a friend's house once and the room was filled with fresh flowers. I always remember that room and I often put roses in our bedroom.

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 21 months ago from New Zealand

      AliciaC: Thanks for taking the time to view and comment. Hope you learnt something new about roses.

      Have a great day.

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 21 months ago from New Zealand

      Very true Mel, a rose is a rose and it doesn't matter what it's called as nothing will change its beauty.

      I was interested to see how many years they have been around and were they first originated from, that's the reason I asked, there are some very brainy people around and I'm sure there is someone that can answer it.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Roses are such beautiful flowers. Thanks for sharing the interesting information, Elsie.

    • Mel Carriere profile image

      Mel Carriere 21 months ago from San Diego California

      ....a rose by any other name. ..i guess the bard was saying it really doesn't matter what the name is, or even where it comes from, it is still a thing of incredible beauty and value to mankind. If I had time I would certainly be cultivating roses. I consider it a fine art. Great hub!

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 21 months ago from New Zealand

      Thanks for the visit. As we grow older it is always harder to find the time to keep gardens looking their best, we can always enjoy someone else's garden.

      I have always had roses and still have in my garden, but the possums are ruining my shrubs, they do not have the beauty they used to have as they get eaten before they flower. Sad.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 21 months ago from Olympia, WA

      Elsie, I think they are beautiful, and I have nothing but respect for those who can grow them and tend to them, but that is not me. I don't have the patience or time to grow roses I'll just live vicariously through other gardeners. :)