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How to Plant and Grow Asian Vegetables

Updated on September 08, 2013
Yard Long Beans from China
Yard Long Beans from China | Source

Why not try growing some Asian vegetables in your garden this year? Most of these vegetables will grow almost anywhere and the seeds are readily available from several seed companies.

The varieties that I am listing can be purchased from Evergreen Seeds, Kitazawa Seed Company, and other online companies, so the seeds are easy to purchase.

Many of the herbs and vegetables you will be familiar with and some we already grow in our gardens, such as basil. You will find different varieties of plants that aren't normally grown in the US and you'll find vegetables that you haven't heard of before.

Most are easy to grow and some grow very quickly. Some of the varieties are the first vegetables you'll harvest in the spring.

Use them in stir fries, greens for salads, mix them with your favorite rice dish and use for your favorite Oriental dishes. Next time you visit a Chinese or Japanese restaurant, if you taste a vegetable that you especially enjoy, ask what it is. You may be able to grow it yourself.

Amaranth

Edible Amaranth - This is also known as Yin Tsai, Chinese spinach, Een Choy, Hiyu, Tampala, Hin Choy, or Amaranth Spinach. A vegetable amaranth is different than the grain one. It requires heavy watering. The greens are well worth growing, because they don't go to seed in the heat. They don't get bitter like other greens and they don't wilt.

They will reseed themselves and you can use them all through the summer, spring and fall. They can become invasive though because of this. Eat it steamed with lemon juice.

Beans and Peas

Adzuki Bean - This is a red bean that is grown in both China and Japan. It is known in Japan as an Adzuki Bean, but in China it is known Chi Dou. It is popular in Japanese soups.

Broad Bean - This is the fava bean that is raised in China, Japan, India, the Philippines, and Thailand.

Green Beans - Many of the green beans that are grown in Oriental countries are the same beans that we grow here and I won't mention the ones that are so popular that you will already recognize them. The ones I haven't heard of before are Alicante and Kwintus Pole bean. Alicante is a French-style green bean and Kwintus is a Romano type bean.

Mung Bean - This is a bush type bean. Beans used for sprouts in the Orient are usually Mung Beans. The seeds are green or yellow. These beans are picked and cooked like any shelling bean.

Snow Peas - I think that everyone is familiar with Snow Peas. You pick the pod before the peas inside have developed. These are good alone or in stir-fries.

Yard Long Bean - These have been sold for awhile in the US, but I didn't know that there are as many varieties available. You can purchase these at almost any place that sells seeds now. They are called yard long beans, because they grow about a 1 1/2 feet long. I let them grow longer and they were too tough at that stage.

Green pak choi
Green pak choi | Source

Fruits and Gourds

Calabash Gourd - It is also known as OPO or the Bottle Gourd. The gourd is picked when young and used like squash. If you let the gourds mature they become hard and can be used as a drinking glass.

In warm areas, the plant is a vigorous climbing vine. If you let different varieties mix, they form all sorts of new shapes. Because these gourds have a hard shell, it could be fun to see what you can use them for later.

Winter Melon - This is also known as the Wax Gourd or Tung Qwa. These melons grow on vines like pumpkins and can get as big as 50 pounds. You can store them like winter squash and eat them in the winter.

Winter Melon is cooked before eating.

Greens and Leafy Vegetables

Garland Chrysanthemum - These are also called shungiku and choy suy. These give a good taste to soups, stir-fries, and sushi. You can also eat the flowers of this plant.

Chinese Cabbage - This cabbage is also called Napa cabbage and Celery Cabbage. It is closely related to mustard. The Chinese Cabbage is well worth growing, because it is much milder than the regular cabbages, easier to digest, and are lighter in texture than what we are used to growing. These grow quickly and may used in the same way as you use regular cabbage.

To harvest Chinese Cabbage, pull out and cut off the head. You may also use the leaves at any time and just cut what you will use. Always leave at least 5 center leaves.

They are good for stir-fries and pickling. Use in Kim Chee or just boil like you would any cabbage.

Bok Choy - This is the same as Pac Choi, Pakchoi, and Pak Choi, just different spellings are used. The miniature vegetable is easy to grow and delicious. You will need to plant it in early spring. Use it in stir-fries whole, halved and chopped. Use the young leaves in salads.

Mizuna - It is also known as kyona. This mustardy green is a delight in salads. You may use the stems, stalks and leaves. A purple variety is now available to give your salads some extra color.

In Carla Emery's book "The Encyclopedia of Country Living", she suggest planting mizuna in the fall months and letting it winter over, because the plant goes quickly to seed in the spring. Once the plant comes up in the fall, you should thin them to about 8" apart. Place a cloche around them for protection in the winter.

When harvesting, just use the leaves from the outside of the plant and it will keep producing new leaves. This is a plant that you need to harvest early, because once it goes to seed, you will no longer want to use it.

Baby Leaf - This green is good to use for adding flavor to salad dressings.

Mustards - These are also known as Mustard Greens or Mustard Spinach. The mustard is usually stronger in taste than our spinach or chard. It also has a tougher texture.

Saan Choy - Sann Choy is also known as Indian Spinach, or Land Kelp. It resembles a flowering white cabbage. The plant itself is a beauty and can be grown in a hanging basket as an ornamental plant. It works well as a substitute for spinach in hot weather months and can be eaten raw in salads. This plant needs to be started indoors.

Celtuce - This plant combines the traits of celery and lettuce. The part you want to eat are the seed stalk, not the leaves. Use the stalks like you would celery or cooked and served like you would asparagus and serve with sauce. It is also good in a stir-fry.


Herbs

Coriander - Coriander is also know as Chinese Parsley, Cilantro, and Yan Sui. My neighbor grows this in her garden every year and it does well. The plant is an annual that grows quickly if the area has a mild climate.

The plant can be used in stir-fries and soups as a seasoning. For this use, just use the young leaves or cut shoots. The Chinese dry the leaves and use both the dried leaves and seeds as a seasoning.

Oriental Basil - The difference between the Oriental varieties and the ones found in the US, is that the Oriental has a stronger taste.

Conclusion

Not all Oriental vegetables are included here. Visit the seed companies I have listed, and you'll find many more. Give yourself a taste treat this summer and try something new.

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    • profile image

      Wooden Greenhouse 5 years ago

      Nice hub on asian vegetables, ive not heard of them all before. Thanks for the info!

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      Wooden Greenhouse, I'm surprised at the variety too. Now if only I could grow bamboo shoots and chestnuts here. Thanks for commenting.

    • Raydfernandez profile image

      Raydfernandez 5 years ago

      Wow!!!!really great hub!!!!! You know what...bamboo shoots really taste great!!!! lol

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      Raydfernandez, I know the bamboo isn't hardy here, but it is in parts of Florida I think. Thanks for commenting on the hub.

    • fucsia profile image

      fucsia 5 years ago

      great ideas! Thanks for sharing.

    • souleru profile image

      souleru 5 years ago

      Very useful information! Now if only I had a garden :)

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      souleru, Thanks for commenting. Just a suggestion, but you could try growing a few in containers.

    • souleru profile image

      souleru 5 years ago

      Cool! I was afraid that some of these would be too big for containers but great that they are actually ok for them

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      jmscooper04, I agree. I always enjoy them when we go out to eat Chinese. Thanks for commenting.

    • Charlotte B Plum profile image

      Charlotte B Plum 5 years ago

      I am Asian, I do so recognize some of the vegetable names that you have listed. Thank you for sharing! I really enjoyed this information too.

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      Charlotte, Thanks for commenting and I'm happy to hear you enjoyed the info. I love some of the Asian vegetables myself.

    • RussellLHuey profile image

      RussellLHuey 5 years ago

      Very interesting Asian vegetable.

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      RussellLHuey, Thanks for visiting the hub. Yes there are some interesting Asian vegetables.

    • saif113sb profile image

      saif113sb 5 years ago

      Very nice and great information hub. Thanks

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      saif113sb, Thanks for reading the hub. I hope your are able to use some of the information and are able to grow some Asian vegetables of your own.

    • lael8 profile image

      lael8 5 years ago from Rapid City, SD

      This was very informative. Next year I am going to be putting garden plants in pots rather than digging a section of earth...I think I will try some of your suggestions for variety!

      Lael8

      http://everydayhealth.com/blogs/livemental

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      laell8, Best of luck growing your plants in pots. I use to have all of mine on our deck and as long as I used large pots, it worked out just as well as planting them in the garden It was easy to take care of too.

      Thanks for visiting the hub.

    • Linda Tadlock profile image

      Linda Tadlock 5 years ago from Atlanta

      Being a fan of Asian food, I guess I would enjoy growing Asian vegetables in my garden. Thank you for the great idea.

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 5 years ago from USA

      Linda Tadlock, Thanks for stopping by and commenting. It wouldn't be any harder to grow them then the vegetables we are used to growing and it might save some money.

    • jaswinder64 profile image

      jaswinder64 4 years ago from Toronto, Canada.

      Nice hub, very informative.

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 4 years ago from USA

      jaswinder64, Thanks for commenting. I hope you are able to try of few of the Asian vegetables this year.

    • liesl5858 profile image

      Linda Bryen 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Very good hub of Asian vegetables Barbara Kay, well done. I grow the pak choi and mustard ones, they are delicious and nutritious too.

    • Barbara Kay profile image
      Author

      Barbara Kay Badder 3 years ago from USA

      lies15858, I'm happy you liked it. I'd like to grow a few more in my garden, but just don't have enough space. I should grow more in containers. Thanks for reading and commenting.

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