How to Grow Peppers
How to Grow Peppers from Seeds
How to Grow a Pepper Plant
Pepper plants are an easy vegetable to grow and require very little effort once you learn the basics. Growing your own pepper plants not only saves you money but provides you with a much fresher, better quality and better tasting pepper.
If you have never grown pepper plants continue reading to find out just how easy it is to grow your own pepper plants. You will be surprised at the difference in taste and how satisfying it will be to pick your own fresh grown peppers for your next savory dish.
The instructions below are for growing pepper plants of all varieties including bell peppers, banana peppers, cayenne and any other variety you may have.
Planting Pepper Plants
How to Plant Peppers
Learning how to plant peppers is very simple! The first step in planting peppers is to choose a healthy plant. Whether you have grown your peppers from seed or have purchased pepper plants, it's very important to select a healthy, green and actively growing pepper plant to give your peppers the best start.
Once you have chosen your plant, dig a whole that it about 12 inches wide and 12 inches deep. Once you have dug your whole, fill it halfway back in using a rich garden compost or cow manure. Cow manure works wonders! If you are using smaller plants in a 6-cell pack you may need to fill it a little more.
Now, gently remove your plant from the pot and be careful not to injure the stalk. Plant the pepper plant so that the lowest set of leaves is only 2-3 inches above the soil line. Continue filling the whole with compost and gently pack the soil around the plant.
Water in thoroughly and insure that there are no air pockets. To help with watering, use the original dirt that you dug from the hole to create a water ring around the outside of the hole. This will help the water to stay near the plant instead of running across the ground. Continue to water thoroughly, at least once a day, for the first week until the plant is well established.
Image Source: Shardayyy
How to Water Peppers
Watering Pepper Plants
'How to water peppers?' is one of the most common questions from new gardeners just learning to grow peppers. It's important to know that peppers need plenty of water but, too much can injure or kill your pepper plants. Pepper plants are also susceptible to fungi when watered from the top.
Always water your plants from the base of the plant near the soil. Water thoroughly until the soil is wet, but not soggy. Water long enough that the top 3-4 inches are good and wet but not holding water.
If your pepper plants are in pots, you can water them near the soil or from the bottom by allowing the pot to soak in a tray of water for 30-45 minutes allowing the soil to soak up however much water is needed to moisten the soil. Watering the bottom not only prevents over-watering but, also helps prevent fungus and diseases, and prevents scorching of the leaves in bright, hot sun.
How Often Should You Water Pepper Plants?
How often you should water pepper plants depends on your temperatures, rainfall and soil. A rich soil will hold moisture better than a sandy soil, hot temperatures will require watering more often and rainfall will help reduce watering needs.
In general, you should water you plant when the top two inches are dry. Water thoroughly, usually every 1-2 days as needed. Covering the ground with straw or mulch will help retain moisture and require less watering.
How to Fertilize Pepper Plants
Fertilizing Pepper Plants
To insure a healthy, well-producing pepper plant, it's important to fertilize them often with an all-purpose fertilizer or a fertilizer that is formulated just for peppers. Miracle Grow All-Purpose fertilizer will do just fine.
Do You Grow Pepper Plants?
Do You Like Growing Peppers?
Peppers Love Full Sun
Pepper plants grow best in full sun. Bright sunshine will produce a healthy pepper plant and an abundance of delicious peppers. If you do not have an area that gets full sun, grow your pepper plants in a spot that gets the most sun, preferably morning sun.
Some varieties that produce larger peppers, such as bell peppers, will benefit from being staked. You can use standard tomato cages or secure them to a stake using string. Staking peppers will insure they remain upright and also protect them during violent storms and windy days.
Image Source: Welker
Growing Peppers For Color
Peppers provide a variety of colors including greens, yellows, oranges, reds, purple and even black, depending on the variety. Some gardeners include them in their landscape to provide edible color, while others grow them in containers in a patio garden. Either way, peppers perform well in containers, gardens, and even flowerbeds. Don't limit yourself to hiding your peppers in the backyard with the other vegetables. Get bold- put them in your landscape for to add a little 'spice' and color.
Image Source: Richard Elzey
Books on Growing Pepper Plants
Looking for more information on growing peppers? These great gardening books will teach you several tips for growing great peppers!