hydroponics grow a lot
Welcome to my Squidoo for Hydroponics. With the help and guidence of this page 'Hydroponics grow a lot' you will be able to learn the basics of hydroponics. If you are just starting out on this fascinating way of growing plants, you could be searching for complete hydroponic systems, how to build your own hydroponics system, hydroponic kits, hydroponic setup and the equipment you will need for all this. You will find here a little guidence of what you will need and what you should be looking for such as hydroponic seeds, hydroponic plants, hydroponic crops, the crops would usually be on a bigger scale. Such plants to start off with maybe hydroponic strawberries and lettuce, these are a good starter for learning hydroponic growing. This squidoo is just an insight into the requirements and equipment you will need to get you off to a good start on a new growing journey, also to keep you and things going when you have started to succeed with your plants.
Books About Hydroponics.
We hope you can enjoy all the resources at your fingertips to get started in producing some great plants with some great experiences along the way, This Hydroponics squidoo will help to get you going from start to finish with some great end results.
Hydroponics is ....
Hydroponics is a way of growing plants, off all kinds, without the use of soil. It is considered a more efficient way of growing and providing nutrients to your plants. With the traditional way of plant growing in soil, it does provide all the nutrients they may require, but the soil really only provides an anchor for the plants roots.
In hydroponics, the plants roots are directly at the source of nutrients.
With the root systems in hydroponics being more compact, it can enable plants to be grown together more closely. It is true that plants grow faster and have a larger yield, this is because the plants are not having to also grow and find more nutrients like they do when growing in soil, therefore a better yield with a more efficient way of growing.
With the traditional growing plants in soil, you normally have to space out the seeds and plants to allow for the roots to grow with the plant, but in hydroponics, because the roots can be more contained in a more confined area, you can have more plants in a smaller space because of this. In return for this, you can have a smaller amount of space required for a greater yield.
Hydroponics can be used virtually anywhere, indoors or outdoors on a scale that the space will allow you. Of course in certain circumstances more light may be required depending on the situation and especially indoors. (such as grow lamps). Depending on the seasons of your country you reside in, imagine having all year crops for your needs and not 'certain types of crops and plants at the right time of year', so if in an unpredictable climate, add more light even on the outdoor hydroponic scale, and you could have all year same variety crops if you wished to do so. Imagine also the time saved not weeding as in soil plant growing, and the many different types of pests which would be eliminated, especially the ground pests like slugs and such like.
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Basic Hydroponics History.
HYDROPONICS – whats it all about.
The meaning of the word Hydroponics is taken from the Greek words hydro meaning water and ponos meaning labour. It is a method of growing plants by using mineral and nutrient solutions without the use of soil. Plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral nutrient solution only or in items such as perlite, gravel, or mineral wood.
In normal soil growing conditions, the soil is basically a reservoir for nutrients, but the soil itself is not essential to plant growth. Hydroponics is a way of artificially getting the nutrients to the plant without the soil via the roots being able to absorb them. Remember yourself as a child, or even your own children at school doing the watercress on cotton wool or similar and keeping the wool moist, this is exactly the same process only on a bigger scale.
Hydroponics has been recorded back as early as the Aztecs, but the mineral nutrient solutions used today were not developed until the 1800s. The earliest known published work on growing terrestrial plants the hydroponics way, without soil, was a book by Sir Francis Bacon called Sylva Sylvarum in 1627. After much research by various people a man called John Woodward published his research and experiments with spearmint. It was not until the 1860’s when ‘Julius Von Sachs’ and ‘Wilhelm Knop’ who were both from Germany, perfected mineral nutrient solutions and became known as solution culture. It then became a standard teaching practice and is still used today.
Things You Need Are .....
Light Fittings and Grow Lights.
Light fittings can come in many various types, a small sample are below, further types include LED, Halide, Flourescent and the more common Sodium. remember if any items like Ballast, Lamp Holders, Light Reflecters, or any other lighting gear are not included in any light fittings
Grow lights are very much an essential part of hydroponics and especially for indoors. Grow lights and lamps come in many different forms, different types that can be used are anything from flourescent, which is considered useful but past its best these days with some better options avaliable.
A more common type is the HPS 'high pressure sodium' tube which comes in a variety of wattages and can range from a humble 50w up to a very ample 600w and sometimes bigger than this such as a massive 1000w. With these type of grow lights you will require ballast and lampholder, maybe an ignitor and reflectors and the unit if desired to hold it all in, it sounds a lot of effort with all the extras, but these are a very good choice because once you have all the setup, it most commonly is just the tube unit that is required for replacement.
A relatively new type of grow light is the LED light which basically comes in a cluster formed unit or panel, of small and usually low voltage lights and low wattage lamps. For example a cluster of 90w LED can be equivalent to a 400w sodium lamp. They are a mixture of red and blue LED lights, both of which are effective for the growing and flowering parts of hydroponics. They produce less heat and so not as much chance of burning the plants.
LED is really a great advance in hydroponics, it does however have an initial higher cost to purchase and setup, but the return should outweigh this. Some immediate advantages for LED are -
Can last up to 100,000 Hours.
Reduce power consumption so save on energy cost.
High intensity lights can be used in more confined spaces.
Reduced heat output so as not to damage plants.
Maintenance can and is reduced. (less to go wrong with units).
Eliminates extras or add ons such as ballasts. (all that is required is usually built into the units).
Heater - Extractor - Dehumidifier.
Here are some essential requirements of Hydroponics, Extractor Fans of various dimensions. You will use an Extractor to draw warm air out from the top of your room. Cooler air should be allowed in naturally around the bottom of the room via vents. You may also need to buy extra Ducting when purchasing Extractor Fans.
Heaters are required for the correct temperature to be maintained.
Humidity is a important factor in Hydroponics, it will optimise the plant performance and yield. Indoor growing has a tendancy to go for a safe approach and low humidity to avoid any problems that may occure like rot or moisture problems. Most plants actually thrive in more humid conditions, and an ideal humidity can and should be maintained
Air Pumps - Filters - Ozonizer.
AIR PUMPS will help create higher levels of Oxygen around the root area and will speed up the intake of nutrients which will help your plants grow faster and yields better.
FILTERS are used to filter out unwanted and harmfull materials from your Hydroponics system which could block and maybe damage pumps and drippers.
OZONIZER are used mainly in ponds and aquariums, they are used for a wide variety of sterilization but ideal for small Hydroponic set ups.