5 Painting Techniques for Painters and Decorators
To house painters, interior designers and decorators, the topic of painting and paints is so closely related to the effective and tasteful use of colours, so much so that a technical knowledge of the procedures and methods of getting the desired results is an essential part of their tools.
Painting walls and ceilings is fairly simple for many people, particularly do-it-yourself homeowners, but painting in its higher form approaches the boundaries of art.
Here, you will learn the language of the painter and decorator, and the various finishes and effects that translates to a great work of interior art.
For interior painters and decorators, any room or space which consists of many surfaces requires different strategies.
But to start with, the best plan involves tackling the largest areas first then finishing with the minor details and trims.
The first area to start interior house painting is the ceiling. Painting ceilings can be a bit challenging especially if you are a novice painter. If a painter’s task only involves a few small rooms, rolling - using a roller to apply paint - is suitable and not so cumbersome to use.
Acoustic ceilings are one of the most difficult to tackle in painting works, so considering spray painting for acoustic ceilings, popcorn or stylish ceilings is the best and will give a great finish with the least amount of labour involved.
For larger areas, it is advisable to spray the ceilings after ensuring that the necessary preparations and protections are done.
The conditions of the walls - new, old or wallpapered - will determine the important preparations that need to be done before any painting project can be carried out.
When the choice of colour and sheen is identical or similar to that of the ceiling, the same method of ceiling painting technique can be applied to the walls as well. However in most do-it-yourself painting and decorating tasks, rolling is the easiest and best option.
It's cleaner (than brush applied paintworks), faster and the job comes out almost perfect.
It must be noted that different paints require different application methods, so following the manufacturer’s suggestions is very important.
For example, painters and interior decorators are aware of the fact that when painting an accent wall, it may require spraying instead of the rolling system and if there are small details to enhance, a brush may be a better painting tool to use than a roller or a spray gun.
Windows, doors, cornices, trims etc. always require extra care, patience and attention. When painting such details, choosing the right tools, and effective interior decorating techniques will help painters and decorators get the best results for these tasks.
Five Interior Painting Techniques
1. Painting & Staining Wood
Painters’ jobs may also involve working on woodwork and wooden furniture. Before starting on it, the condition and type of wood must be ascertained before knowing the best finishing technique to use.
For example, wood that has a rough grain must first be filled with one of the standard wood fillers that are found abundantly in the market. Traditionally, white lead was the standard wood filler, but whichever choice is to be made, it is important to stick only to materials or products of bespoke manufacturers.
Trying to save a few cents or pennies is not advisable if you intend to have a not only perfect, but lasting finish.
It should then be completely coated with an application of varnish or shellac to seal and prevent paint absorption on the wood surface.
Sand well and then proceed with painting. Painting of wood surfaces can be done more effectively with a spray gun, but it can also be applied as one would a plaster wall.
With staining of wood, using filler that's the same colour as the stain to be used is the best practice, and there is no need to shellac or varnish before staining as is required for wood painting.
Stains can be purchased from local stores, but most painters can actually prepare stains themselves if they so desire by using a thin oil base mixed with a small amount of pigment.
2. Antiquing on Walls
Antiquing also referred to as glazing is quite easy to do if the plainer types or effects are the desired ones required by painters and decorators, but there are numerous variations of this painting effect with many of such finishes having elaborate themes.
The usual way of application is to paint a film of colour over a light and neutral coloured surface. The consistency of this film must be the consistency of water. Thin. A mixture of oil and turpentine and a bit of pigmentation added to the desired strength will do just fine.
In painting and decorating, the art of antiquing is a common choice by many painters and decorators who want a classic traditional ambience which strikes great interest. The popular choices of tones are obtained from a brown palette such as:
- Raw umber -a dark greenish brown earth colour has great tinting effects. It will produce distinctly clear tints when mixed with the colour white.
- Burnt umber - a darker colour than raw umber with bluish tints that has similar qualities.
- Umber, more than any other colour is a much more effective finish to use, and if used well will definitely give a satisfactory illusion of age.
However, apart from the use of umber tones, there are other effective techniques used for glazing and antiquing.
For example, on a large wall surface, applying a smooth glaze with a large brush and stippling - a process of applying paint, ink, etc. as dots on a painted wall using a coarse brush or spray gun - is a beautiful effect of antiquing.
Also, streak glazing, using a brush and intentionally leaving the brush strokes (a calcimine brush is great for this) is a great favourite of painters and decorators.
3. Antiquing of Wallpaper
Giving wallpaper an antique look is a unique form of painting that creates a mellow and warm traditional look and feel. This technique softens and draws together the overall colour of existing wallpapered walls. This is best carried out by professional painters, but can be handled also by a creative and skilful do-it-yourself(er).
If the patterns of the wallpaper is printed in water colours, a single application of size and followed by a coat of shellac is fine.
Use the same technique by painting the surface with a mixture of oil, turpentine and a dash of pigment.
4. Metal Leaf
In painting and decoration works, the use of gold and silver (aluminium leaf is generally used in place of silver because it's less expensive and it doesn't tarnish either), was highly popular in the 20thcentury,
Metal leaf is part of a painter’s job as it involves first painting a gold size - an adhesive type substance applied on any surface receiving a metal leaf application - coating on the surface to be worked on. Let this dry to a fairly thick consistency.
Paint on the metal leaf and allow the work to dry completely. Paint decorators must remember that on completion, metal leaf must be varnished to give it long lasting protection.
5. Marble and Graining Décor Effects
This is a highly developed craft that's definitely not for green horn painters who wants to carry out painting and decorating services.
Graining and marbling is painting an imitation of wood or marble on a surface, be it a piece of furniture, cabinets or a wall surfaces.
Over time, artists, painters and decorators of all periods have consistently developed amazing and extraordinary techniques in this line of painting and decoration tasks.
Best results are only achieved when the paint works resemble wood and marble, creating a total illusion and realistic look.
For example, real marble, when installed is usually in slab form and about an inch thick with varying sizes. Joints are quite visible including stiles, columns, panels etc.
Now, to imitate marble or wood perfectly with paint works, all elements that make up the materials, including baseboards, cornices, dados and other parts with visible joints must be intricately and carefully imitated with the right paint strokes.
Key to Successful Implementation
Having said all this, the key to successful implementation of works by painters and decorators who have interior decoration projects are:
- Having a well laid out plan.
- Making use of good tools
- Buying the best products of bespoke manufacturers.
With a fresh coat of paint and some creative and great techniques of art, home decorators can successfully create spaces that will become inviting and become brighter so that the entire space worked on can be a more enchanting.
Interior painting combined with art, patience and common sense will result in very pleasing results for interior painters and decorators.
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