Poisonous Garden Plants: Daffodils, Lantana and Euphorbia
Poisonous Plants - Take Care
Daffodil, lantana and euphorbia look innocent enough, but they are all poisonous plants - Danger Lurks!
It's surprising how many common garden plants actually have poisonous parts. You won't necessarily die from being poisoned, but it's as well to know which plants are in this category, and what to do about it if you find strange things happening after contact with them.
This is one of a series of articles I've written about poisonous plants, and I have listed a few more at the foot of this page.
Danger! Wear Special Gardening Gloves If You Have Sensitive Skin
And don't lick your fingers
after touching the sap from plants
Daffodils - Poisonous Plants
Poisonous Plant: Daffodil
Daffodils narcissi and jonquils are mildly toxic if the bulbs are eaten in large quantities - some people confuse them for onions.
All, but especially the bulbs.
Daffodils contain poisonous alkaloids called narcitine and narcicysteine
Abdominal pains, cramps, vomiting, nausea, lightheadedness, shivering, diarrhoea
intravenous hydration and/or drugs to stave off nausea and vomiting if symptoms are severe or the patient is a child.
Below are two excellent books about poisonous plants
Remember, - forewarned is fore-armed. And of course it is wise to have knowledge at your fingertips about what to do in case someone has been harmed by a poisonous plant.
The more you know, the better you and your family are protected
Poisonous Plant Lantana
Poisonous Plant: Lantana (Cherry Pie): According to my Research - Lantana is a toxic plant and the berries may be deadly poisonous
If the berries are ingested, lantana is highly toxic and possibly fatal. You might not be tempted, but watch out for kids and pets eating them.
Green, unripened berries, leaves
vomiting, diarrhoea, dilated pupils, trouble breathing, and the leaves may be a skin irritant. As a skin irritant, lantana causes only mild and/or short term irritation.
However, when I lived in Africa as a child, I did eat the ripe berries, with no ill effects whatsoever.
My Own Experience of Lantana (Cherry Pie):
When I was a child, we lived in Africa.
We had a big garden, divided up by a long and tall cherry pie hedge. The flowers were mauve and yellow, followed by green berries which ripened into tasty little blackberries. I regularly used to pick and eat them straight from the bush, like you do with blackberries. The taste was aromatic, sweet, and very tasty, a bit like blackberries or blueberries, but with a slightly more pungent smell and flavour, the texture similar, the berries were a lot smaller - the smell is in my nostrils as I write this.
I'm not sure that my mother knew, but she certainly didn't stop me. Maybe a gentle admonition, but nothing very meaningful or forceful. Poisonous berries? I don't think so - or maybe I am invincible! I certainly never suffered any ill effects whatsoever. And yet, according to my recent research, I could be dead. Mind you, it was the black sweet berries I was eating, and not the green ones.
So it seems I am lucky to be alive and writing this article.
Poisonous plant euphorbia
Poisonous Plant: Euphorbia
There are more than one hundred species of Euphorbia, or spurge, In all of these species the juice or sap is so acrid that it may corrode and ulcerate the skin after any contact.
All species of Euphorbia or spurge contain a more or less poisonous, acrid milky juice. Contact with the skin causes extreme irritation, inflammation, ulceration, and in some cases gangrene.
If swallowed, it may be fatal.
The caper spurge (E. Lathyrus L.) contains an acrid, emetic, and highly purgative milky juice, and the fruits have commonly been employed by country folk as a purge.
If ingested (swallowed), spurges have an irritating effect on the mucous membrane, especially at the back of the mouth. In from three-quarters of an hour to two hours after eating the plant, or even longer, there is painful vomiting, followed by diarrhoea and low temperature. If the quantity ingested has been sufficient , there will also be nervous symptoms, vertigo, delirium, muscular tremors, circulatory troubles and abundant sweating. In addition there may be loss of appetite, colic, and tympanites, bloating, fever, palpitation of the heart, and loss of consciousness. In a fatal dose, the symptoms of superpurgation and enteritis predominate, but are accompanied by nervous symptoms and circulatory disorders.
The advice of a physician should be requested.
The Poinsettia is Also a Member of the Euphorbia Family and Poisonous
Poinsettia has Poisonous White Sap
When I lived in Africa, we had a poinsettia tree in the garden. It was so beautiful. The red "flowers" are actually leaf bracts and not flowers at all, and may also be orange, cream, pink or pale green. The shrub grows to a height between 2ft and 16ft and bears large leaves. If grown outside, it does best in a sub-tropical climate where there is no frost, and it has very specific light and dark requirements before it will produce its brightly coloured bracts.
Poinsettia originates from South America, and The Aztecs extracted red dye from it and used it as a herbal medicine similar to aspirin and ibruprofen, to reduce fever.
Unlike other members of the spurge family, which may be highly toxic, Poinsettia is only mildly toxic - it may be a skin or stomach irritant, sometimes causing diarrhoea and vomiting if eaten, or a skin allergy to anyone sensitive to latex. If sap enters goes in the eye, it may cause temporary blindness.
Keep an Eye on Your Children and Pets in the Garden
Make sure they never eat or play with
daffodils, lantana or euphorbia
What's Your Experience of Poisonous Plants?
Have you ever been poisoned by contact with a poisonous plant?
More Information About Poisonous Plants:
- Poisonous Garden Plants: Iris, Azalea, Hydrangea
Iris, Azalea, and Hydrangea are poisonous garden plants - which parts of plant, symptoms, what to do in case of emergency. Protect children, wash hands after touching. May be poisonous to pets
- Poisonous Plants: Lily of the Valley, Poison Ivy and...
Learn to recognize Poisonous Plants Lily of the Valley, Poison Ivy & Foxglove (Digitalis) - it might help to save someone's life if you know the symptoms of poisoning and the treatment for poisoning
- Poisonous Plants: Morning Glory (Ipomoea) Lupin, Aco...
It's important to know that morning glory, lupin and aconite are poisonous plants so that you keep yourself and family safe from harm, and know what the symptoms are, so you can get help if necessary
- Poisonous Plants: Hellebore, Oleander and Vinca or P...
Did you know that Hellebore, Oleander and Periwinkle or Vinca are poisonous? Learn about poisonous plants and how to avoid them and how to prevent an unpleasant accident