How To Prune Roses
How to Prune Roses
Gardening Tips for Rose Care & Pruning Roses
Proper pruning is an easy way to keep your rose bushes healthy and looking their best and get the most spectacular roses in the neighborhood. Contrary to belief, pruning a rose bush is not that difficult. With a little knowledge, pruning roses can become a chance to be creative, rather than a chore. This gardening guide will teach you all you need to know about creating a more beautiful rose garden through proper pruning techniques.
Learn how, when, and why to prune roses. The recommended seasonal tips for pruning roses will help guide you on rose care Spring through Fall.
Cutting and Pruning Roses
Pruning Roses: General Maintenance
To prune roses you will need:
Pruning shears, which are used to make the actual cuts.
Gardening gloves, to protect your hands from unwanted rose thorn pricks (ouch!)
Sharp loppers or a pruning saw (for canes thicker than 1/2"). Regular pruning shears just won't cut through these thick canes.
Once you have your gardening supplies, your ready to get started. Follow these steps.
1. Inspect the Rose Bush. If it has grown suckers from the roots, dig down and pull them off at the root.
2. Prune away all dead, broken, or diseased canes. If the canes are not white or green inside, cut lower.
3. Cut away thin, straggly canes. These will not be able to support blooms and will waste the bush's energy for creating bigger, healthy blooms.
4. If you find that some rose canes are crossed and rubbing together, cut the smaller one back. This strengthens the remaining canes.
Roses in Bloom
The Popular Rose Flower
The rose flower is the one constant through the years that has been titled as one of the most popular plants in the entire world! The variety of colors range from red to black and even blue! The mystifying shapes and sweet fragrance of rose flowers are simply magnificent by most gardening standards.
Today’s rose bushes have maintained many of the characteristics of the ancient rose. Modern plant breeding practices have added a great deal of disease tolerance and winter hardiness to the ancient rose (which didn't come back year after year). Hybridization has created some wonderful colors and bush sizes that seem to be able to find a ‘fit’ in most any garden or landscape. Maybe you would like to have your own rose garden? This is a wonderful idea for anyone that really appreciates lovely roses and wants to enjoy these fragrant flowers everyday!
Also know that some roses are created as shrubs that are cultivated in small sizes such as ‘shrub roses’ or grown as ‘climbing roses’ that may stretch out vine like branches 15 feet long. Rose bush offerings also include many sizes and colors of rose varieties. These roses exhibit very good tolerance to rose diseases and are known for being very winter hardy. You can also opt for the mini rose bush that can be grown as a potted plant and makes an excellent indoor flower.
How to Prune Roses
When pruning roses it is essential that you make a clean cut. Here's how:
The right bud. Choose an outward-facing bud to make the Rose grow outward and allow more light and air into its center.
Cutting above an inward facing bud causes the Rose to grow straggly shoots into the center of the bush.
Correct angle. Cut 1/4 inch above the bud at a 45 degree angle, slanted parallel with the bud. A cut too close to the bud will prevent it from growing. If you cut too far away from the bud, the remaining cane length will die.
Make a sharp, clean cut. Use sharp pruning shears to make a clean cut. If the Rose can is too thick, use sharp loppers instead. A frayed cut will leave the Rose open to attack from frost pests, and fungus. Try again, lower down the can if you make a mistake.
Rose Pruning - Why Prune Roses?
Why Pruning Roses is Essential
Why Prune Roses?
You should prune your roses (cut your roses stems) to get nice shape and better growth. Cut off old or diseased canes to help your Rose maintain an attractive, full shape. Proper pruning also promotes the growth of new shoots and buds, helping the the bush produce more blooms and keep it healthy and beautiful.
Also know that rose pruning opens up the form of the Rose bush, aiding air circulation. This is the key to preventing fungal diseases. If you choose to not prune, your roses will more than likely die.
Most Beautiful Color Rose
What's Your Favorite Color Rose?
How to Prune Roses
Gardening Tips for Rose Care
Rose Pruning Tips
1. When pruning roses, always use clean, sharp garden tools.
2. Prior to pruning roses, take into consideration the overall shape of the rose bush, but always start at the bottom of the plant.
3. Prune to open up the center of the rose plant. This will promote more air circulation inside the rose bush, slowing insect attack, and reducing fungal problems.
4. Prune stems of roses at a 45 degree angle, just above a growth bud that is facing away from the center of the plant.
5. When pruning roses, do not damage the plant. Cuts should be sharp and precise.
6. Remove any dead, diseased or winter damaged wood, cutting the rose back to where it's healthy. You've reached healthy wood when the center of the cane is white.
Rose Pruning Tools
Don't get pricked by thorns! Use rose pruners and get the job done pain free. For more mature rose bushes, I use the rose pruner with a foot 2 foot reach, it's much easier than stretching or using a ladder.
When To Prune Roses
When to Prune:
The best time of year to prune roses is in early Spring. If you prune Rose bushes in the Fall, new shoots may be killed by the first frost. Prune in early Spring, when canes first begin to grow.
Although, there is no substitute for careful pruning, some rose bushes are able to survive very rough treatment. Roses clipped with hedge trimmers will grow back vigorously.
Seasonal Tips for Pruning Roses
Early Spring Pruning - Prune new and established Roses when the first signs of growth appear.
Mid-Spring Thinning - Thin out straggly, overly long shoots as they grow.
Summer Deadheading - Deadhead (remove) faded blooms to encourage new growth. Prune out any storm damaged canes.
Early Fall Maintaining - Keep your Rose bush healthy and looking its best by cutting away an dead, straggly, or diseased stems.
How To Prune Roses Video
Easy to grow and very hardy, rose bushes add both color and fragrance to your garden. The rose bush in the front of my house has been there for over 20 years! I prune it every year and have it climbing up a trellis. Of all my many plants, I would say my roses get the most compliments.
Pruning: Cutting Back Roses
Pruning: Cutting Back
Once you have cut out unwanted growth from your Rose bush, prune the main canes back to just above the nearest healthy, outward growing bud or to the desired height.
Roses that should be pruned in this manner include: Hybrid Teas, Floribundas, Old-fashioned shrub Roses, Species Roses, and Grandifloras.
1. Cut all healthy canes back to maintain the proportions of the Rose. Carefully prune to establish a well-rounded and open form.
2. Cut each Rose can to just above the nearest outward-facing bud. If you make a mistake, try again on the next outward-facing bud.
© 2008 Cynthia Davis