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How to make terrarium

Updated on September 15, 2013

how to build a terrarium

By this lens you can make your own terarium. Terrarium or container gardening provide a unique type of method of indoor gardening. Terrarium design provide a different technique related to indoor gardening and enjoy natures greenery in a capsuled form.Making a terrarium it is like a Lilliputian landscaping and gardening. Terrarium gardening is take place in the big glass of bottles or plastic containers.


In this gardening zones idea lens terrarium garden is unique in controlling its inner atmosphere. A high level of humidity, necessary for many plants is maintained. The inner rain cycle keeps moisture at a constant level. The inner temperature is auto control by the container. It separates the plants from fluctuating exterior conditions.

The perfect growing conditions a terrarium offers, as well as its unusual appeal, make it's a popular form of gardening for the beginners.

Terrarium gardening is a covered, enclosed miniature garden. Open garden like planted in brandy bottles or open globes technically become terrariums only if covered with some type of lid.

Open or semi-open containers cannot retain humidity, require more frequent watering, are more vulnerable to attack from pests or diseases, and allow temperature fluctuation.


Some important thinking you should know before planning to start terrarium gardening.

. Where will you display you terrarium garden?

. What type of container will accent the room and the garden to be the best advantage?

. How many and what type of plants will be included?

Plant selection should be determined by the size of the container and the light available in the chosen location. Location depends on the available light and the appropriateness of a miniature garden as a room accents.

Container should be selected by their shape and design for a given location and the number and size of plants to be included.

Starting a garden

Like a painting or a piece of sculpture, a terrarium adds an artistic touch to any room. Use one where both the room and the terrarium will be displayed to their best advantage.

In choosing the location considers the gardens requirements as well as the surrounding décor. Sufficient light and controlled temperature are the basic needs of terrarium garden. Once a location meets these requirements, give your green thumb free rain. The location chosen for your garden should provide enough light to sustain good plants growth and supply enough energy for photosynthesis.

Diffused light, not direct sunlight is recommended for enclosed gardens because direct sunlight as it passes through a glass container, raising the interior temperature and scorching plants. If the best location in a room is a dark corner, there are alternative or artificial light can provided. Otherwise you have to move daily terrarium to a well-lit spot for a reasonable length of time approximately 10-12 hours.

The second requirement in choosing a location is correct temperature. Though many plants prefer cooler temperatures than people, plants tend to adapt easily to a normally heated house. Do not place a terrarium over or near a heat source, how ever the interior temperature can rise to stifling heights in a very short time.

The terrarium or bottle planted with alpine or woodland plants it is best put them in a cool spot at night to help simulate their natural habitat. This can unheated garage, storage room or outside if there is no danger of freezing.

When selecting a terrarium container, consider that it can hold enough soil to support plant life. It is made of clear or lightly tinted glass or other transparent material, and can be covered easily to create a humid atmosphere. Size will be determined by the planned location and the plants to be included.

Humidity is the key to a thriving terrarium garden. A lid or covering conserves this humid atmosphere by retaining the moisture present in the container.

Selecting a plant for Terrarium garden

Choosing plants for the terrarium gardening choose that prefer the high humidity, moist soil, constant temperature, and low light intensity that a terrarium offers. A slow growth pattern is another desirable characteristic for terrarium plants.

The number of plants to include will depend on the size of the container. All the terrarium should contain a variety of tall plants, medium-sized plants, and ground covers.

An interesting outdoor landscape contains a wide variety of plants; apply this same principle to a terrarium garden. Vary the plants by height, shape, color of foliage, and bold or delicate leaf forms.

If you want to protect your garden from disease or pests, quarantine plants before planting them in a terrarium.

Two effective methods of quarantine are to place a bell dome over the plant in the clay pot or to transplant the plant into a chemist's flask or glass jar. Both methods simulate the ideal conditions of a terrarium. Allow plants to stay in the isolated environment for 2-3 weeks. A diseased plant or a pest infestation should surface in this length of time.

Decorate the terrarium garden

A tiny stick covered with moss or lichen, a border of tiny, polished pebbles or a piece of lava rock riddled with indentations provides subtle interest without distracting form the garden itself. Other ideas are snail or seashells sans former inhabitants, interesting pieces of driftwood, small pine cones or seed pods, and gnarled pieces of bark can be used for decorating the terrarium gardens.

Sterilized commercial soils have definite advantage for the gardens. You can purchase

Only the amount of you need at the time. The soil is already sterilized, contains no pets or weeds, and should be free of any soil disease.

As most plants in terrarium garden technique adapts readily to an environment, fertilizers tend to speed up plant growth to an undesirable extent. An over grown terrarium jungle is seldom attractive.

To make your own potting mix, blend equal amounts of common river sand, garden loam or good garden topsoil, and leaf mould.

To two quarters of this mix, add half cup each charcoal and perlite. Spread the mix on baking sheets and sterilize by baking in a 300 degrees oven for at least 30 minute. You should know that baking soil has a very unpleasant odour. Be sure to provide adequate ventilation.

Beside the soil your terrarium needs some drainage material. Drainage material can consist of crushed rock, pebbles or broken clay pots.

Planting the terrarium

After completing the all above requirements you are ready to plant terrariums. Allow enough time to complete the project without rushing. Planting a terrarium, especially one in a bottle, has its pitfalls, and hurrying will only multiply them.

Container planting preparation

Sterilize the container at least a day before planting it. Wash the container in the dish washing machine or wash it by hand with hot, soapy water and rinse, it thoroughly.

Allow the container to dry out completely. Once a terrarium is planted, this soil may be difficult to remove, especially in the bottle garden.

Put your sterilized container upright for at least 12 hours before planting in it.

Grabber or pick up tool or flexible mechanical fingers or astro fingers it can help you to position plants, extract them or reposition them with ease


A pair of household scissors can be used for pruning unwieldy plants before they are planted.


A wire with a loop on one end. This tool enables you to set a plant in its prepared hole. Tamp it down; remove the wire by working the opening around the stem


Watering the plant for this you can use an atomizer or bulb-shaped sprayer will create a fine mist and would not overpower tender plants or ones that are delicately anchored


1 Long bamboo sticks or pieces of doweling. These can be used to dig holes. Move various elements around inside the container, and prop up plants being planted.


Plexiglas rod tool; A flat piece of Plexiglas is cut approximately half inches wide. Then one end is bent into an L-shape. This tool is used for tamping soil around the plant roots and for arranging various terrarium elements


Spoon is a alternative tool and it is very tool for terrarium gardening. This tool is to use for to dig the soil layer


Funnel tool is to use for making layers in the container.


How to plant bottle garden

1 Assemble everything like cleaned container, plants, tools, soil components.

2 Funnel or paper cone by this put directs charcoal into bottle, keeps dust away from the bottle sides.

3 Stick or dowel is useful for arranging soil layer. Use to form slopes or for other landscaping details.

4 Strike nursery pot against working surface to dislodge. Support plant and remove carefully.

5 Direct plant root; first into bottle with a pickup tool. Guide leaves through opening carefully.

6 Tamp plants into place firmly, gently. Place tallest plants first, then smaller ones, ground covers.

7 Carefully hit leaves with the stick to shake off the dirt particles, spread ground covers to fill in area.

8 Water bottle sparingly. With your fingers, direct water flow down container sides to wash them.

Containers for terrarium garden - You can choose any one for terrarium gardens

Click thumbnail to view full-size
5 gallon plastic bottleCracker jar with metal lidLarge sized brandy sniferFruit jarsCider jugOpen globe with lidAntique BottlesOpen globe containerAll kind of containersWine Bottle
5 gallon plastic bottle
5 gallon plastic bottle
Cracker jar with metal lid
Cracker jar with metal lid
Large sized brandy snifer
Large sized brandy snifer
Fruit jars
Fruit jars
Cider jug
Cider jug
Open globe with lid
Open globe with lid
Antique Bottles
Antique Bottles
Open globe container
Open globe container
All kind of containers
All kind of containers
Wine Bottle
Wine Bottle

Terrariums garden pictures gallery - This terrariums images rotate automatically in 5 seconds

Click thumbnail to view full-size

Want to buy some bonsai ready made plants

container garden ideas - gardeners supply

You can buy some good containers online for your fairy garden.

What do think about the indoor gardening. Have you ever made the bottle garden. Have you ever seen the container garden. Have you ever heard about the terrarium gardening. What is your view about the this terrarium gardening .

Expert comments from the terrarium gardens lover

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    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Under Gardening in Containers, the large vase.....I need a vase like that! Where did you get it? I need it asap.

    • Socialpro54 LM profile image

      Socialpro54 LM 4 years ago

      nice lens

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Thank you for all your tools ... I wrote them all down and hope to be able to apply them accurately. I'm getting a bonsai "village" of trees to plant and am so excited. Your tools really help me.

    • kimpaul profile image

      kimpaul 6 years ago

      What a wonderful lens! Great information. Thanks for sharing. I had never heard of this before. I'm going to have to try it!

    • squid-janices7 profile image

      squid-janices7 6 years ago

      Love the step-by-step instructions and the video. Great job!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      A terrarium is such a sweet way to garden, yup I've done it several times and love it.

    • profile image

      the777group lm 6 years ago

      I had one years ago but it got broken when moving house. There's a lot of hard work in this lens, well done!