ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Garden Watering Basics You Should Know

Updated on February 10, 2015

How much water does your garden need?

Water, passionate well-informed gardeners, we are well aware of one simple rule of thumb. The rule of thumb, our vegetable plants need one inch (2.54cm) of water every day to produce a bountiful crop of fresh fruits and veggies.

For many rare thinking gardeners like us, this well-known rule simply creates a quandary. How much water is that anyway?

To make it easier to understand let us look at it another way. Think of your garden site requiring a minimum of one US gallon (3.79 liters) of fresh water, evenly distributed, over ten square feet (0.93 square meters) in your vegetable garden, each week of the growing season.

With that said, make watering our veggies easy and less stressful for not only our tomatoes, pepper, zucchini and cucumber plants, but we gardeners as well. Let us learn watering vegetable garden basics all beginner and master gardeners should know.

Watering the garden
Watering the garden

1. Reliable water source

Rainwater is best

Rainwater is without question the best and most cost effective means of watering our gardens. However, it is not always the most reliable water source for our veggies. There is really only one way, of accurately measuring rainwater so we can easily determine, exactly how much water our garden really gets each time it rains, or we use a sprinkler or irrigation system for that matter.

We, as serious minded gardeners with our water management issues, need to invest a little time and money in setting up a useful water measuring system, or rain gauge if you rather.

The importance of using more than one rain gauge

Rain gauge, weather you prefer to use a commercially available gauge, purchased at your local garden center, online store such as Amazon, or the simple small bowl or repurposed tin can rain gauge. All are especially useful when testing the coverage of a high-head sprinkler system, drip irrigation, misters, or soaker hose. This requires several rain gauges scattered throughout the garden to ensure even coverage across the entire garden site.

2. Watering vegetable garden frequently

Frequently watering our vegetable gardens effects the garden soil PH, for instance, acid rain contains high levels of sulfur. Subsequently over time, high levels of sulfur in the rainwater, Leeds to higher acidity levels in our garden soil. By the way, high sulfur levels in the air are due in part to the use of burning coal in electric power plants, and other industries such as steel and aluminum production.

City and county water departments, as you know filter our drinking water to remove harmful impurities. They also add disinfectants such as chlorine, to kill bacteria. Some cities use ozone or chloramines. growing numbers of municipalities are using reverse osmosis or activated charcoal water filters to disinfect drinking water. This filters significant numbers of beneficial minerals out of our water.

Disinfectants contain compounds including bromates, chlorites, chloramines and chlorine dioxide that are stressful to some of our favorite flower, fruit and vegetable plants. This is evident in plants that have absorbed chlorinated tap water and show signs of yellow or browned tips on their leaves. Tap water that is treated with chlorine can also negatively affect beneficial nematodes, and earthworms that help decompose humus, critical to good organic material rich garden soil.

Allowing chlorine to evaporate

It is a good idea, to let the water we use to water container plants. Stand overnight allowing the chlorine to evaporate before watering our vegetable, fruit and flowering plants. Generally, city water ranges from 5.5 PH, which is considered as soft water, too 8.5 ph (hard water), sweet water has a PH of seven point zero which is neutral, and neither acidic, or alkaline.

How watering affects soil PH

Check the Ph of your garden soil regularly, and make the necessary adjustments to keep your garden soil PH at say six to six point five for green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, zucchini, cucumbers, green beans, and five to five point five for blueberries, azaleas and other acid loving plants. Just remember check your garden soil PH regularly, your favorite plants requirements may vary with their particular needs, so make sure you provide your plants with all the nutrients and soil conditions they need to thrive, and reap a bountiful harvest this season.

How to make and use your own rain barrel

3. When to water the garden

● After a good half-inch rain, our garden will not need additional watering for two or three days.

● When a heavy rain is in the weather forecast, put off watering your flower, fruit and vegetable garden one day before it rains.

● Frequent watering is essential when either planting our favorite flower and vegetable seeds, or transplanting tender seedlings.

● Seeds that do not receive the proper amount of water, (keep seeds moist) will dry out; causing poor seed germination, or not germinate at all.

● Seedlings not kept moist will certainly wither and die.

● On hot summer days, it is best to water vegetable plans twice a day. Once in the morning before the intense heat of the mid day sunshine, and the second watering, in late afternoon and early evening, so our vegetable plants will have time to dry before the sun goes down.

Affordable easy to use Telescoping garden sprinkler

Proper watering ensure gardening success

I am sure we all now agree, as serious minded gardeners, we simply must learn, understand, and practice responsible watering practices in our vegetable and flower gardens to ensure a successful harvest.

  • The best way to water the tomatoes
  • How watering the vegetable garden affects garden soil PH.
  • Using rainwater, we capture in our rain barrel with water conserving drip irrigation system.
  • Using city and county water supply with a rotary or oscillating high head sprinkler makes a difference.

Use the information contained in this article to help guarantee your gardening success and reap a bountiful harvest.

Happy Gardening Mike

The author of this publication, Mike Teddleton owns the copyright to Garden Watering Basics You Should Know. The rights to publish this article in print or online can only be granted by contacting me the author in writing. You may use the intro and link back to the article directing the reader back to my post here at HubPages where they may find the story in its entirety


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)