ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Amblyopia

Updated on July 12, 2008

What is Amblyopia?

Amblyopia is the low of vision in one eye that is not adequately developed in childhood. Sometimes it is called "lazy eye". This occurs despite the eye be anatomically normal. The eye with low vision is called amblyopic eye. The condition is common, affecting 2 to 3% of the population. Parents need to be aware of this condition to protect the vision of their children, as amblyopia must be treated during childhood.

The development of vision in both eyes is important. Many professions do not admit people who have good vision in one eye. If the person loses vision in one eye by trauma or disease, it is essential that the other eye has good vision. For all these reasons, amblyopia must be detected and treated as early as possible.

When vision should be tested?

It is recommended that children be examined by an ophthalmologist before the 3 years of age. The pediatrician or doctor's family must forward the child before that period if he identifies any sign of eyen change. If there is a family history of strabismus, congenital cataract or other eye disease of childhood the ophthalmologist could examine the child earlier.

Amblyopia is detected when the ophthalmologist identifies a difference of view between the two eyes. There are ways to estimate the vision in children, such as patching an eye and observerving the behavior of the child.

What causes Amblyopia ?

Amblyopia may be caused by any condition that prevents the normal use of the eyes or eye development. There are three main reasons:

-- Strabismus (eye diverted): the image of the diverted eye is removed to avoid double vision, and the child uses only the best eye

-- Error of refraction: when one eye has more myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism than the other, the eye with blurry vision (out of focus) is unused and can become ambliope. This is the type of ambiopia more difficult to be detected, because the eyes appear normal.

-- Opacity in the transparency of the eye: Any factor that prevents a proper focus of the image can lead to the development of amblyopia. The main example is the occurrence of cataracts. In general this is the most severe form of amblyopia.

How to treat Amblyopia?

To correct the amblyopia, it is necessary that the child uses the weak eye. This is done in general through the occlusion (eye patching) of the good eye. The proper prescription for glasses is indispensable, correcting the refractive error before starting therapy with occlusion. Even after the vision is restored, occlusion can be used for in an alternate form for maintenance of the vision improvement obtained.

The outcome of treatment will depend on the severity of amblyopia and the child's age when they made the diagnosis.

Your ophthalmologist can provide the proper guidance to correct amblyopia, but the involvement of parents is crucial. Successful treatment depends on the interest and involvement of parents and their ability to gain the confidence and cooperation of the child.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)